Blood pressure phenotype reproducibility in CKD outpatients: a clinical practice report

AbstractOut-of-office blood pressure (BP) measurement is encouraged by recent hypertension guidelines for assessing BP phenotypes. These showed acceptable reproducibility in the short term, but few data exist about long-term reproducibility, particularly for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. We evaluated changes of the BP phenotypes at 6 and 12  months in 280 consecutive non-dialysis CKD outpatients (186 males, age 71 ± 12 years, eGFR 38 ± 13 ml/min/1.73), without any change in drug therapy. Elevated BP is defined as office BP >  140/90 and home BP >  135/85 mmHg for defining the following BP phenotypes: sustained uncontrolled hypertension (SUCH); white-coat uncontrolled hypertension (WUCH); masked uncontrolled hypertension (MUCH); and controlled hypertension (CH). At baseline, the prevalence of the phenotypes was SUCH 36.6%, CH 30.1%, WUCH 2 5.4% and MUCH 7.9%, and it was similar at 6 months and 12 months. On the other hand, individual phenotype reproducibility at 12 months was poor both overall (38.0%) and across the different phenotypes (SUCH 53.9%, WUCH 32.4% and CH 32.1%, MUCH 9.1%). Patients who were not maintaining the same phen otype (non-concordant) were not distinguished by age, sex, BMI, eGFR, presence of diabetes or cardiovascular disease, or pharmacological therapy. When reproducibility of BP phenotypes both at 6 months and at 12 months was ass...
Source: Internal and Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 11 July 2019Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Silvia J. Leon, Navdeep TangriAbstractChronic kidney disease (CKD) is a growing public health issue worldwide. It is acknowledged that CKD is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease which is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in this population. The role of the renin-angiotensin aldosterone system (RAAS) in the pathophysiology of hypertension, cardiovascular and kidney diseases is well known and the RAAS system is a major regulator of blood pressure through its effect on body fluids and electrolyte hom...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
By WILLIAM H. BESTERMANN JR., MD New Scientific Breakthroughs Can Provide a Longer Healthier Life Twenty-one years of follow-up comparing usual care with a protocol-driven team-based intervention in diabetes proved that healthy life in humans can be prolonged by 8 years. These results were achieved at a lower per patient per year cost. Aging researchers have been confident that we will soon be able to prolong healthy life. This landmark study shows this ambitious goal can be achieved now with lifestyle intervention and a few highly effective proven medications. These medications interfere with the core molecular biol...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Medical Practice Patients aging chronic disease Denmark Diabetes William Bestermann Source Type: blogs
Abstract Intervention for higher-risk participants of health checkups especially with diabetes has been started in Japan to prevent renal replacement therapy (RRT) initiation, but evidence about RRT initiation risk among checkup participants has been scarce. To estimate the incidence by risk factors, we conducted a retrospective cohort study using medical claims and checkup data of a community-based insurance scheme in Japan. Beneficiaries who participated in the checkup in 2012-2013 were included and followed up for about five years. We estimated the incidence of RRT initiation by the subject characteristics, fol...
Source: The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Tohoku J Exp Med Source Type: research
Conclusions: The PWV ratio, as a measure of loss of the normal gradient in arterial compliance, was associated with CKD patient outcome. Patients with advanced CKD and a higher PWV ratio had a significantly higher risk of adverse CKD outcome.Cardiorenal Med
Source: Cardiorenal Medicine - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
AbstractCardiovascular disease (CVD) continues to be the leading cause of death in Western civilizations, and hyperlipidemia is a well-established independent risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis and CVD progression. Many chronic kidney disease (CKD) and dialysis patients have the traditional CVD risk factors (age, obesity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and hyperlipidemia); however, CKD and dialysis predispose patients to several non-traditional risk factors, including myocardial remodeling, hyperparathyroidism, malnutrition, bone and mineral disorders, anemia, albuminuria, inflammation, and endothelial dy...
Source: Drugs and Therapy Perspectives - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In conclusion, our study shows that free vitamin D serum concentrations are independently associated with major cardiovascular events in chronic kidney disease patients on dialysis.Kidney Blood Press Res
Source: Kidney and Blood Pressure Research - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Kidney transplantation (KT) is the treatment of choice for end stage kidney disease , offering the highest survival benefit amongst all the different renal replacement therapies1. Long term renal allograft and patient survival have shown substantial improvements over time: however, death with a functioning allograft remains the leading cause of late allograft loss with cardiovascular disease (CVD) related deaths representing a major cause of mortality2. While recipients of kidney transplants have lower risk for CVD when compared to the 10-20 fold increased risk in patients with dialysis, their risk of CVD is substantially ...
Source: Kidney International - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Policy Forum Source Type: research
This study was a retrospective cohort study, which reviewed data from the “Public health insurance Pre-ESRD preventive program and patient health education program” that was implemented by the National Health Insurance Administration, Ministry of Health and Welfare. From 2006 to 2013, data of CKD patients from the Tri-Service General Hospital in Neihu District, Taipei City was examined. The data collected in this study included demographic variables, past medical history, and blood biochemical values. After exclusion of variables with>30% missing data, the remaining variables were interpolated using multiple...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 30 May 2019Source: Mutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental MutagenesisAuthor(s): Sevcan Mamur, Deniz Yuzbasioglu, Kadriye Altok, Fatma Unal, Serpil Muge DegerAbstractChronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common health problem. The primary etiology of CKD is diabetes mellitus (DM). The aim of our study is to determine the possible role of DM and also effects of other factors such as hypertension, duration of hemodialysis (HD), age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and levels of hemoglobin (HB), intact parathormone (iPTH), and ferritin on genetic alterations in maintenance HD patients...
Source: Mutation Research Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Abstract Hyperkalemia (HK) is the most common electrolyte disturbance observed in patients with kidney disease, particularly in those in whom diabetes and heart failure are present or are on treatment with renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors (RAASIs). HK is recognised as a major risk of potentially life threatening cardiac arrhythmic complications. When an acute reduction of renal function manifests, both in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and in those with previously normal renal function, HK is the main indication for the execution of urgent medical treatment and the recourse to extracorpo...
Source: Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: J Nephrol Source Type: research
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