Autism and Paediatric Dentistry: A Scoping Review

Conclusions: Paediatric dentists should bear in mind that early diagnosis and treatment, effective communication skills, and a long-term follow-up of children with autism continue to be the best approaches for achieving enhanced patient psychological well-being and consequently a better quality of life.
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

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Authors: Grant WB Abstract Vitamin D, traditionally well known for its role in maintaining optimal health through its contribution to calcium metabolism and skeletal health, has received increased attention over the past two decades, with considerable focus being placed on its nonskeletal benefits. This paper is a narrative review of the nonskeletal health benefits of vitamin D, of particular interest to inhabitants of Mediterranean countries, namely, autism, cancer, cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, dental caries, diabetes mellitus, erectile dysfunction, hypertension, metabolic syndrom...
Source: Hormones - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Hormones (Athens) Source Type: research
Publication date: July 2018 Source:Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, Volume 51 Author(s): You Yang, Zhijuan Jin, Jian Wang, Shijian Liu, Hong Huang, Xingming Jin Certain genetic events can be attributed to copy number variations (CNVs). A population in Shanghai, China was screened for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and their CNV characteristics and possible associations with neural pathways were analyzed. A multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method was used to evaluate 3- to 12-year-old children from the general population who were in kindergarten and primary school in Shanghai. DNA samples were obtained...
Source: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION:This study demonstrated a significant association between caries frequency and overweight/obesity in special care school children.  LIMITATIONS:Since the data was cross-sectional, causal relationships cannot be established and the observed association could be due to other unexplored factors. Because of cultural and ethical consideration, including segregation of gender in Saudi Arabia, only female children were included in the present study, which limited the findings.  
Source: Annals of Saudi Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: ISSUE 1 Source Type: research
Abstract Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a life-long heterogeneous psychiatric disorder, characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and the presence of repetitive and stereotyped behaviors as well as restricted interests. These features have an impact on the oral health of these individuals: high risk of dental caries, poorer periodontal status, and bruxism are often described. Children with ASD often provide limited collaboration with medical procedures, particularly those considered invasive such as dental care. Children with ASD are prone to agitation, self-injury, and emotional dysregula...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research
This study was conducted on 28 children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, aged 6.5−9.8 years. Children underwent one introductory (desensitization) appointment and three treatment sessions. During the introductory session, children had the procedures explained to them, they watched a movie projected on a screen while oral screening and assessment of cooperation level were carried out. In treatment session I, oral examination, charting, and dental x ‑rays were undertaken, whereas the children watched movies with or without video eyewear. During treatment sessions II/III, dental prophylaxis was carried out on ...
Source: Dental Research Journal - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
People with developmental disabilities represent a diverse group who on average experience high rates of untreated dental decay and periodontal disease. Some developmental disabilities are known to impact craniofacial development and structures (e.g., Down syndrome) while others are not expected to have specific craniofacial manifestations (e.g., autism). Obtaining diagnostic panoramic radiographs for many patients with developmental disabilities can be challenging, whether due to a movement disorder, dental fears, or difficulty following instructions related to positioning.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study clearly indicates a need for better home care measures, parent, caregiver and institutional education on the importance of oral well-being among children with ASD.
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
ConclusionPrevalence of dental caries and periodontal disease in children and young adults with ASD can be considered as high, pointing to the need for oral health policies focused on these individuals.
Source: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
We describe a case of a 7-year-old autistic boy who required management of dental caries. He had a phobia to intravenous cannulation, displayed increasing anxiety and became combative on the day of surgery. With parental involvement and distraction, we succeeded in giving oral midazolam by concealing it, with the intent of avoiding intramuscular injection or unnecessary restraint. Lack of knowledge about the medical condition of such a patient can lead to inadequate preoperative preparation and use of restraint on the patient, which might cause anxiety or panic attacks in the operative room. To effectively manage children ...
Source: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Source Type: research
Looking at Matthew’s full set of teeth, it would be difficult to guess that two years ago, he was in danger of losing them all. Matthew, now 15, has a complicated medical history. It runs the gamut, including pervasive developmental disorder (part of autism spectrum disorder), acid reflux and intermittent vomiting. Additionally, Matthew has sensory issues that make him averse to the feeling of a toothbrush. All of this combined to make brushing Matthew’s teeth a daily battle for his parents Janet and Michael Carco, and sometimes the battle was impossible to win. Because of Matthew’s intermittent...
Source: Thrive, Children's Hospital Boston - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Health & Wellness Our Patients’ Stories Source Type: news
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