3D printing bolsters surgery for multiple rib fractures

Using 3D-printed models based on chest CT scans allows clinicians to personalize...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: AR, 3D printing enhance planning for complex heart surgery Radiologists rally in support of medical 3D printing AR, 3D printing aid presurgical planning for kidney cancer 3D printing reduces liver transplant costs, surgery time 3D printing boosts efficiency of rib fracture repair
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the relationship between liver transplantation and kidney cancer. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines were followed. PubMed, the Web of Science, and the Cochrane databases were searched for peer-reviewed cohort studies in which standardized incidence of kidney cancer post-transplant was compared to the general population by means of standardized incidence ratio (SIR) with 95% confidence interval (CI). No limits were placed on language or year of publication. A fixed-effects model was used for pooling the dat...
Source: European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Reviews Source Type: research
Abstract INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the trajectory of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) after kidney surgery in patients with kidney cancer and chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS: We identified 1204 consecutive patients in our institutional database with preoperative CKD undergoing partial or radical nephrectomy from 1998-2016. Postoperative eGFR was tracked, with patients censored when receiving dialysis or kidney transplantation. A multivariable mixed-effects models assessed associations between preoperative baseline patient and tumor characteristics, and longitudinal eGFR. The Kaplan-Meier met...
Source: Canadian Urological Association Journal - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Can Urol Assoc J Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewAdvances in preservation and transplantation techniques have made renal autotransplantation (RA) a modality that can be utilized in complex renovascular diseases (renal artery aneurysms), high ureteric injuries, chronic kidney pain, as well as conventionally unresectable renal tumours. In the current review, we present the Oxford experience, the only UK commissioned centre to perform RA for complex renal cell cancers, and review the published RA experience from other UK centres.Recent FindingsThe evidence and literature generated from the RA experience in the UK are largely limited to case reports....
Source: Current Urology Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Abstract The transmission of cancer from a donor organ is a rare event but has important consequences. Aim of this systematic review was to summarize all the published evidence on cancer transmission in kidney recipients. We reviewed published case reports and series describing the outcome of recipients with donor-transmitted cancer until August 2019. A total of 128 papers were included, representing 234 recipients. The most common transmitted cancers were lymphoma (n = 48, 20.5%), renal cancer (42, 17.9%), melanoma (40, 17.1%), non-small cell lung cancer (n = 13, 5.6%), neuroendocrine ...
Source: Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: J Nephrol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case series study describing kidney tumors following HT. With the improving outcomes and life expectancy of HT patients, a better understanding of the factors that determine cancer risk is of the utmost importance and may have a major impact on the non-cardiac surveillance. PMID: 32378819 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Israel Medical Association Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: Isr Med Assoc J Source Type: research
Conclusions. Providers and patients need to be aware of the high risk of rejection and the poor remission rate with the use of checkpoint inhibitors in kidney transplant patients. More research is warranted to assess the optimal maintenance immunosuppression during the use of checkpoint inhibitor therapy that would not diminish the chances of remission.
Source: Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Original Clinical Science—General Source Type: research
Authors: Abdelrahim M, Abudayyeh A Abstract With the increasing use of immunotherapy, there has been an associated increased survival in many cancers but has also resulted in unregulated organ-specific toxicities. In this chapter, we discuss the renal toxicities associated with a checkpoint inhibitor (CPI) from the typical acute tubulointersitial nephritis to glomerulonephritis, their proposed mechanisms, and treatments. We also discuss the use of CPI and reactivation of preexisting auto-immune diseases and focus on renal cell cancer in setting of Chronic kidney disease (CKD). Transplant rejection in the setting of...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Abstract OBJECTIVES: In the Asian population, patterns and risk factors for de novo malignancies after solid-organ transplant are not well understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Insurance claims from Taiwan's National Health Institute Research Database from 1997 to 2011 revealed 687 deceased-donor heart transplant recipients, 5038 kidney transplant recipients (50% living related-donor, 50% deceased-donor transplants), and 2127 liver transplant recipients (mainly living related-donor transplants, 30% deceased-donor transplants). During the follow-up period, rates of malignancy incidence were calculated with standa...
Source: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Exp Clin Transplant Source Type: research
The United States Public Health Service Flag Promotion ceremony for Rear Admiral (RADM) Richard W. Childs, promoted to RADM Upper Half O-8 in January 2020, is being webcast live on 3/27/2020 from Masur Auditorium. Richard Childs, MD serves as the Clinical Director of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH). He was commissioned in the USPHS Commissioned Corps as a Lieutenant in 1995 when joined the NCI as an Oncology Fellow. Following fellowship training, he was appointed a tenure-track investigator in the Hematology Branch of the NHLBI where he continues to conduct r...
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: General Medicine Tags: Upcoming Events Source Type: video
AbstractPurpose of ReviewRenal masses in the kidney graft pose an important clinical dilemma, balancing graft function against the need for cancer control.Recent FindingsDonor origin cancers in the renal graft can be classified as ‘donor transmitted’ or ‘donor derived’. The landmark TracerX Renal changed our understanding of renal cell carcinoma oncogenesis, demonstrating that key mutations in childhood lead to clinically apparent tumours in later life. Identified pre-operatively, contemporary evidence suggests that m asses excised prior to transplantation result in acceptable oncologic safety and g...
Source: Current Urology Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
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