What is the Morbidity Rate for Smoke Inhalation?
Discussion A recent systematic review of house fires in high-income countries found that the risk factors for unintentional house fire incidents included: more children under 5 years of age, more people in the home, more males in the home, adults who are not working, low-income, household smokers, non-privately owned housing, poor condition housing. Other risk factors are not having smoke detectors, but more importantly not having a working smoke detector. Risk factors for injuries or fatalities is similar to the the risk factors for incidents but also includes people who are vulnerable such as a disabled resident, someone living alone, or someone impaired by drugs/alcohol. Nights, weekends and winter time also increase the risk of injuries/fatalities. Fire related deaths in children were up to 38 times higher in a a household where the adults are non-working or with long-term unemployement. Households with children between 5 and 17 years, or residents 65+ years have a decreased risk fo fire fatality. Learning Point “Inhalation injury is present in approximately 30% of all cutaneous burning patients. Localized pulmonary damage occurs as a result of both thermal injury and chemical irritation from contents of combustion.” Airway edema and potential airway obstruction are the concerns above the larynx due to thermal injury. Chemical burns occur below the larynx due to incomplete products of combustion including carbon monoxide and hydrochloric acid. With inhalatio...
Publication date: Available online 2 July 2020Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): Yang-yang Zhang, Dong-xiao Liu, Wen-bo Fan, Jin-hong Yu, Li Liu, Wen-jun Du, Qiang Li
Publication date: Available online 2 July 2020Source: Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical EngineersAuthor(s): Peng Li, Kunyue Teng, Changsheng Guo, Haiting Shi, Baodong Li, Xiaoyuan Pei, Wei Wang, Zhiwei Xu
This work presents the results obtained for the gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) monitoring of the liquid-phase hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) reaction of furfural (FFR) to 2-methylfuran (MF) over a bifunctional Ru/RuOx/C catalyst in the presence of a direct source of H2. Hydrogenation and hydrogenolysis reactions of FFR and of the intermediate furfuryl alcohol (FA), respectively, were independently studied to provide insights on the HDO mechanism. The mass spectra monitoring of the kinetic isotope effect indicated the HDO reaction occurs through a two-step mechanism comprising of an initial ruthenium-mediated hydrog...
New J. Chem., 2020, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/D0NJ01159B, PaperQuang Hieu Tran, Thao Thanh Doan This paper describes a new technique to enhance the solubility of metal curcumin complexes. The solubility of the complex has increased significantly by using the homogenization technique with the assistance... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Conclusion: Intrafamily violence against adolescents is related to family interactions, psychoactive substance use and violence in the school environment. Thus, it reveals the importance of the participation of parents and guardians in the prevention of violence and risk behaviors in the lives of Brazilian adolescents.
Conclusions: The results point to the need for oriented actions in the field of health education, as well as labor regulation and supervision.
Conclusion: Most reports of violence against women recorded in health services were perpetrated by an intimate partner, especially physical, psychological and sexual violence. It was possible to identify factors associated with IPV such as age, education, pregnancy, occurrence at home, recurrence and alcohol consumption by the aggressor.
Conclusion: Young, male, black individuals and those with low education were the most frequent victims of accidents. Helmet use was protective for severe injuries.
RESUMO: Objetivo: Analisar a tend ência temporal da prevalência de indicadores relacionados à condução de veículos motorizados após o consumo de bebida alcoólica, na população em geral e entre motoristas. Métodos: Estudo de tendência temporal de indicadores relacionados à condução de veículos motorizados após o co nsumo de bebida alcoólica, entre 2007 e 2018, com base nas informações do sistema de Vigilância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção para Doenças Crôn...
AIMS: Comorbid alcohol use and depression have the highest prevalence among emerging adults and are associated with a number of consequences. Self-medication theory posits individuals with depression use alcohol to cope with their negative emotions. Prelim...
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