Predicting gingivitis using visual gingival redness examination on 11 years old Japanese schoolchildren: A ROC analysis

Publication date: Available online 15 June 2019Source: Pediatric Dental JournalAuthor(s): Lisdrianto Hanindriyo, Akihiro Yoshihara, Hiro-O. Ito, Kana Suwama, Satoko Kakuta, Makoto Fukui, Masanori Iwasaki, Naofumi Tamaki, Toshihiro AnsaiAbstractAimsTo identify more reliable and cost-effective methods to detect gingivitis, such as visual examinations, questionnaires, and salivary occult blood tests (SOBT).MethodsSixty-five elementary school students in Yahiko Village, Niigata, Japan were recruited. Questionnaire was used to assess subjective gingival status. Hemoglobin (Hb) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels were measured by SOBT. Bleeding on marginal probing (BOMP) method at three labial sites per tooth for all anterior teeth was used to examine clinical gingiva condition. Occurrence of at least 1 site with BOMP positive was defined as gingivitis. Visual gingival redness examination was done at the same sites examined by probing.ResultsParticipants with gingivitis had higher numbers of sites with redness than those without [6 (0.25–12) vs 0 (0–2), p 
Source: Pediatric Dental Journal - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

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is a disease that manifests approximately 3 months after consuming a diet lacking ascorbic acid.1 Most of the clinical manifestations of scurvy result from defective collagen metabolism, causing degeneration of vascular and perivascular connective tissues and changes in endothelial cells. Consequently, scurvy represents a vessel-mediated bleeding disorder characterized by hemorrhagic gingivitis, petechiae, and subperiosteal and perifollicular hemorrhages. It is crucial to recognize and treat scurvy, as catastrophic fatal hemorrhage, including myocardial and cerebral bleeding, occur in late disease stages.
Source: Mayo Clinic Proceedings - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research
ConclusionsOrthodontic treatment induces significant changes in the oral microbial flora associated with gingivitis and an enhanced risk for cariogenic reactions within the first days of orthodontic treatment. To prevent or reduce infectious side effects, oral hygiene instructions and control of patients are necessary before and during the beginning of the therapy.
Source: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Conclusions: 0.2% sodium hypochlorite mouthwash is as effective as 0.2% chlorhexidine for the treatment of gingivitis as it is an adjunct to mechanical plaque removal in terms of safety, less side effects, less staining and can be used as a routine mouthwash.
Source: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: Group A and Group C showed better results than Group B.
Source: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
In this study, the age range of ≤ 21 years or the average age of ≤ 21 years was considered as the pediatric group. After limiting the search results, removing duplicate titles and eligibility evaluation, 17 papers were enrolled to the study (seven controlled clinical trials and ten case series). Er:YAG (2940 nm), CO2 (10,600  nm), Er,Cr:YSGG (2780 nm), and diode (650, 660, and 975 nm) lasers indicated successful clinical results on mucocele excision, frenectomy, gingival incision and re-contouring, and treatment of vascular malformations. In addition, 660-nm diode laser rad...
Source: Lasers in Medical Science - Category: Laser Surgery Source Type: research
This study aimed to compare the thickness and elasticity of the masseter muscle between patients with gingivitis and patients with periodontitis. A total of 124 patients (63 gingivitis, 61 chronic periodontitis) were recruited at the start of the study, but only 84 patients were declared as final participants. Patients were divided into two groups: (1) patients suffering from gingivitis and (2) those with generalized chronic periodontitis. Clinical (PI, plaque index; GI, gingival index; PD, probing depth; CAL, clinical attachment loss; and BOP, bleeding on probing scores) and ultrasonographic (thickness and elasticity of t...
Source: Journal of oral science - Category: Dentistry Tags: J Oral Sci Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: It can be concluded that the presence of obesity may hinder the improvement of periodontal clinical parameters after conventional periodontal treatment in patients with diabetes mellitus and periodontitis. PMID: 31694983 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International Academy of Periodontology - Category: Dentistry Tags: J Int Acad Periodontol Source Type: research
Nguyen, Van Thai / Nguyen, Hong Loi / Nguyen, Toai / Jagom ägi, TriinPage 457 - 463Purpose: To determine the oral hygiene habits, levels of dental caries, and periodontal condition of patients with repaired cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) in Central Vietnam.Materials and Methods: A total of 78 patients (1-54 years old; median: 6 years) with CL/P were examined for dental caries, gingivitis and periodontitis using the decayed, missing, and filled teeth (dmft/DMFT) index, gingival bleeding on probing and periodontal pocket depth. Data about dental visits, brushing habits and socioeconomic status were collected.Results: A ...
Source: Oral health and Preventive dentistry - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis demonstrates significant gingivitis benefits of bioavailable SnF2 dentifrices when used ≤3 months versus positive (triclosan) and negative (NaF or MFP) controls. PMID: 31562774 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Clinical Periodontology - Category: Dentistry Authors: Tags: J Clin Periodontol Source Type: research
In conclusion, the occurrence of clinically detectable gingival inflammation was lower in heavy smokers than light and moderate smokers. Older age, diabetes, and visible plaque emerged as risk indicators of gingivitis. Plaque and gingival indices are significantly associated regardless of the smoking status.
Source: Brazilian Oral Research - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
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