Validity, internal consistency and self-rated change of the patient enablement instrument in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain.

CONCLUSION: The PEI showed fair content validity, construct validity and internal consistency. However, the scale needs further development to improve measurement of change. PMID: 31198975 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

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Study Design. A cross-sectional study. Objective. The aim of this study was to describe multi-dimensional profiles for people with chronic low back pain (CLBP) and to examine the associations between CLBP-related disability and individual, psychosocial and physical factors in a Saudi population. Summary of Background Data. CLBP-related disability is a multidimensional phenomenon. There is growing interest in exploring factors associated with CLBP-related disability in Saudi Arabia but research is limited in comparison to other countries. Methods. Participants completed questionnaires covering demographics, pain ...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: CLINICAL CASE SERIES Source Type: research
Authors: Stanton R, Rosenbaum S, Rebar A, Happell B Abstract The association between psychotic illness and poor physical health is now clearly articulated in the literature. By contrast the impact of depression and/or anxiety on physical health is considerably less understood, despite depression being the leading cause of disability worldwide and is associated with significantly higher prevalence of physical comorbidities than found in the general population. An Australia national cross-sectional population-based survey was conducted to ascertain the prevalence of chronic physical health conditions in persons with,...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research
Objectives: The present study’s objective was to understand the causal mechanisms underpinning the recovery of individuals with whiplash-associated disorders (WAD). We applied Bayesian Networks (BN) to answer 2 study aims: (1) to identify the causal mechanism(s) of recovery underpinning neck-specific exercise (NSE), and (2) quantify if the cyclical pathway of the fear-avoidance model (FAM) is supported by the present data. Materials and Methods: We analyzed a prospective cohort data set of 216 individuals with chronic WAD. Fifteen variables were used to build a BN model: treatment group (NSE with or without a be...
Source: The Clinical Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
ConclusionNo medical cause was found to explain the disability. Findings support that the condition is a form of idiopathic environmental intolerance and belongs to functional somatic syndromes. Instead of endless avoidance, rehabilitation approaches of functional somatic syndromes are applicable.
Source: Safety and Health at Work - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
Conclusion. Our study identifies the various factors associated with a lower likelihood of RTW at 3 months after cervical spine surgery in the non-worker's compensation setting. This information provides expectations for the patient and employer when undergoing cervical spine surgery. Level of Evidence: 3
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: CERVICAL SPINE Source Type: research
Conclusion: The results of our study may suggest the presence of FM as a clinical sign of a more severe migraine. However, the long-term prospective studies including these group of patients are needed to understand the prognostic impact and importance of the comorbid FM in migraine. Abbreviations: FM: Fibromyalgia; MIDAS: Migraine Disability Assessment. PMID: 31221031 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neurological Research - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Source Type: research
ConclusionNo medical cause was found to explain the disability. Findings support that the condition is a form of IEI and belongs to functional somatic syndromes (FSS). Instead of endless avoidance, rehabilitation approaches of FSS are applicable.
Source: Safety and Health at Work - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 28 May 2019Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): S.W. Hughes, P.J. Hellyer, D.J. Sharp, R.D. Newbould, M.C. Patel, P.H. StruttonAbstractAge-related degenerative changes in the lumbar spine frequently result in nerve root compression causing severe pain and disability. Given the increasing incidence of lumbar spinal disorders in the aging population and the discrepancies between the use of current diagnostic imaging tools and clinical symptoms, novel methods of nerve root assessment are needed. We investigated elderly patients with stenosis at L4-L5 or L5-S1 levels. Diffusion tensor imagi...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
AbstractObjectivesThis randomized controlled trial investigated the efficacy of cognitive functional therapy (CFT) compared with manual therapy and exercise (MT ‐EX) for people with non‐specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) at 3‐year follow‐up.MethodsHundred and twenty ‐one patients were randomized to CFT (n = 62) or MT‐EX (n = 59). Three‐year data were available for 30 (48.4%) participants in the CFT group, and 33 (55.9%) participants in the MT‐EX group. The primary outcomes were disability (Oswestry disability Index [ODI]) and pain intensity (numerical rating scale) and secondary out...
Source: European Journal of Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluated the involvement of sigma-1 receptor (σ1R) on the nociceptive, cognitive and emotional alterations associated with chronic osteoarthritis pain. Monosodium iodoacetate (MIA) was injected into the knee of Swiss-albino CD1 mice to induce osteoarthritis pain, which then received a repeated treatment with the σ1R antagonist E-52862 or its vehicle. Nociceptive responses and motor performance were assessed with the von Frey and the Catwalk gait tests. Cognitive alterations were evaluated using the novel object recognition task, anxiety-like behaviour with the elevated plus maze and the zero-...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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