Recent Trends in Computer Assisted Diagnosis (CAD) System for Breast Cancer Diagnosis Using Histopathological Images

This study could be beneficial for: (i) Clinicians to receive second opinion from the CAD system for early diagnosis, and (ii) Researchers to analyze and enhance the existing state-of-art techniques used in CAD system, which may further reduce the gap of variability between intra and inter observer.Graphical abstract
Source: IRBM - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research

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Abstract The detection of lymph node metastasis affects the management of patients with primary breast cancer significantly in terms of staging, treatment, and prognosis. The main goal for the radiologist is to determine and detect the presence of metastatic disease in nonpalpable axillary lymph nodes with a positive predictive value that is high enough to initially select patients for upfront axillary lymph node dissection. Features that are suggestive of axillary adenopathy may be seen with different imaging modalities, but ultrasound is the method of choice for evaluating axillary lymph nodes and for performing...
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Oncologist Source Type: research
You’re staring at a letter from your mammography facility. Your breast exam was normal, great. But then you see a note on the bottom: you have high breast density, which could put you at higher risk for breast cancer in the future. Now what? “The finding of dense breasts on a mammogram can be stressful and confusing for patients,” says Dr. Toni Golen, acting editor in chief of Harvard Women’s Health Watch. It’s information that may concern them, but they don’t know what to do about it. What is breast density? Breasts are composed of: lobules, which produce milk ducts, tubes that carry m...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Breast Cancer Health Tests and procedures Women's Health Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsMRI is the best predictor of tumor size in breast cancer. Histologic type and tumor size are key parameters when estimating tumor size and should be taken into account when planning surgery. Patient age does not interfere with the interpretation of imaging tests.ResumenIntroducciónEl objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar qué prueba de imagen de las empleadas para medir el tamaño del cáncer de mama primario preoperatorio (mamografía, ecografía o resonancia magnética (RM)) se correlacionó mejor con el tamaño del tumor en la pieza quirúrgica posto...
Source: Cirugia Espanola - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeTo develop a multiparametric [18F]FDG positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI) model for breast cancer diagnosis incorporating imaging biomarkers of breast tumors and contralateral healthy breast tissue.MethodsIn this prospective study and retrospective data analysis, 141 patients (mean 57  years) with an imaging abnormality detected on mammography and/or ultrasound (BI-RADS 4/5) underwent combined multiparametric [18F]FDG PET/MRI with PET/computed tomography and multiparametric MRI of the breast at 3  T. Images were evaluated and the following were recorded: for the tumor,...
Source: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: MRI is the best predictor of tumor size in breast cancer. Histologic type and tumor size are key parameters when estimating tumor size and should be taken into account when planning surgery. Patient age does not interfere with the interpretation of imaging tests. PMID: 31186117 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cirugia eEspanola - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Cir Esp Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundDense breast tissue increases breast cancer risk and lowers mammography sensitivity, but the value of supplemental imaging for dense breasts remains uncertain. Since 2009, 37 states and Washington DC have passed legislation requiring patient notification about breast density.ObjectiveExamine the effects of state breast density notification laws on use of supplemental breast imaging and breast biopsies.DesignDifference-in-differences analysis of supplemental imaging and biopsies before and after notification laws in 12 states enacting breast density notification laws from 2009 to 2014 and 12 matched contro...
Source: Journal of General Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion: The texture analysis for breast DCE-MRI proposed in this study demonstrated potential utility in HER2 2+ status discrimination. Background Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) is an orphan tyrosine kinase receptor. It is reported that HER2 is overexpressed in 15–20% of breast cancers. Overexpression of HER2 in breast cancer correlates with shortened disease-free survival. Compared with HER2-negative patients, patients with HER2-positive breast cancers have a poor prognosis, a high probability of lymph node metastasis and a high risk of recurrence (1–3). However, previous studies h...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe imaging features of TNBCs differ by AR status. Multimodality breast imaging may help identify the LAR subtype of TNBC, which has been shown to be a subtype that is relatively resistant to neoadjuvant chemotherapy.Graphical abstract
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Authors: Ko ES, Morris EA Abstract Breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been increasingly utilized, especially in screening for high-risk cases, because of its high sensitivity and superior ability to detect cancers as compared with mammography and ultrasound. Several limitations such as higher cost, longer examination time, longer interpretation time, and low availability have hindered the wider application of MRI, especially for screening of average-risk women. To overcome some of these limitations and increase access to MRI screening, an abbreviated breast MRI protocol has been introduced. Abbreviated bre...
Source: Korean Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Korean J Radiol Source Type: research
Authors: Franceschini G, Di Leone A, Terribile D, Sanchez MA, Masetti R Abstract Aim of this paper is to allows to analyze a topic of great relevance and media interest such as the role of prophylactic mastectomy in healthy women with BRCA mutation proposing to the surgeons some useful informations for decision-making. Less than 15% of all breast cancers are associated with germline genetic mutations. The majority of hereditary breast tumors are due to mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes that are responsible for only one third of hereditary cases. The risk estimates are extremely heterogeneous with a mean cumulative...
Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Ital Chir Source Type: research
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