Keloid treatment: what about adjuvant radiotherapy?

Conclusion: Surgical excision combined with immediate PORT is an effective and easy treatment with good esthetic results and an acceptable recurrence rate. It should be considered for patients with persistent keloid formation after failure of other treatments and those at high risk of relapse. PMID: 31190938 [PubMed]
Source: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Tags: Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol Source Type: research

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Conclusions According to our results, “excision + radiation” had significantly better outcomes than excision alone. “Excision + pressure” had better outcomes than excision + any other treatment modality, and excision + nonradiation adjuvant therapies were also better than “excision only,” although these findings did not reach statistical significance.
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Burn Surgery and Research Source Type: research
Condition:   Keloid Scar Intervention:   Device: Soliton's Acoustic Scar Reduction (SAR) Sponsors:   Soliton;   Emergent Clinical Consulting, LLC Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Publication date: Available online 6 July 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Yangang Zhang, Chuantao Cheng, Shuang Wang, Meifeng Xu, Dewu Zhang, Weihui ZengAbstractKeloid is characterized by overactive fibroblasts. Forkhead box M1 (FOXM1) is transcription factor that plays important roles in the progression of fibrosis. However, the role of FOXM1 in keloid has not been elucidated. In the present study, we examined the expression levels of FOXM1 in clinical keloid tissue specimens and primary keloid fibroblasts (KFs). The results showed that FOXM1 levels were significantly increased in both keloid tissues and KFs. To furth...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The authors conclude that changes in human position are strongly correlated with mechanical loading of the predilection sites, which leads to increased mechanical strain in the peripheral tissue surrounding keloids. Furthermore, increased mechanical strain in the peripheral tissue, which is the site of keloid progression, was correlated with aberrant expression of caveolin-1/ROCK signaling pathway. These findings suggest a novel mechanism for keloid progression.
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Experimental Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Experimental Source Type: research
Conclusion: Review of the literature revealed a myriad of options for the treatment of different scar types. Although there is not vast evidence in the literature in regard to combination treatments, these are becoming more popular, and it is the author’s opinion that combination treatments yield better overall results. J Drugs Dermatol. 2019;18(6):550-555. PMID: 31251547 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Drugs Dermatol Source Type: research
AbstractMost of the widely used scales to evaluate scars are subjective relying on clinical observations. There is a growing need to find out a noninvasive objective tool for this purpose. The study is aimed at evaluating the value of the high-resolution ultrasound in the assessment of the scars when compared with a clinical evaluation scoring system, the Vancouver Scar Scale (VSS). The study included 22 patients with hypertrophic scars or keloids. At baseline, scars were assessed using the Vancouver Scar Scale and high-resolution ultrasound (13-MHz probe). Patients received three Nd:YAG laser sessions (100  J/cm2 flu...
Source: Lasers in Medical Science - Category: Laser Surgery Source Type: research
One of the first-line options to treat keloid scars is corticosteroid injection after excision of the existing scar. A thorough literature search has shown a lack of research on the injection of corticosteroid...
Source: Trials - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Both abnormal scar types (Hscar and Kscar) showed a unique CD34-/α-SMA+/p16+ scar phenotype, but the differences between Hscar and Kscar observed in this study were of a gradient rather than absolute nature. This suggests that scar progression to the mature normal scar phenotype is, for as yet unknown reasons, hindered in hypertrophic and keloid scars. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31206605 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Br J Dermatol Source Type: research
Rationale Keloids, dermal fibroproliferative lesions, often occur secondary to skin injury and extend beyond the margins of the original lesion. Aggressive fibromatosis (AF) is a rare condition arising from fibroblasts and is characterized clinically as a nonmetastasizing but locally invasive tumor. In this work, we present the case of a patient who developed AF in the chest 3 years after surgery and postoperative radiotherapy for keloids. Patient Concerns A 15-year-old female patient who underwent surgery and postoperative radiotherapy for keloids presented with AF in the chest 3 years after intervention. Diagnoses ...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Review Paper Source Type: research
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