Aortic valve endocarditis from Enterococcus hirae infection.

We present the first documented case of human Enterococcus hirae infective endocarditis in the USA, representing only the fourth case worldwide. PMID: 31191143 [PubMed]
Source: Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) Source Type: research

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Source: Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
In conclusion, WB constitutes a promising and helpful method to diagnose E. faecalis or S. gallolyticus IE in patients with early antibiotic uptake and negative blood cultures.
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 September 2019Source: Respiratory Medicine Case ReportsAuthor(s): Mitsunori Morita, Hiromi TomiokaAbstractAn 80-year-old man was admitted to the hospital because of fever, bloody sputum and exertional dyspnea of 3 days. Laboratory tests showed anemia and increase of the C-reactive protein level. A chest computed tomography scan revealed diffuse bilateral ground-glass opacities. Bronchoalveolar lavage confirmed the clinical diagnosis of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH). After methylprednisolone pulse therapy, Enterococcus faecalis was detected in the blood cultures. A diagnosis of infec...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: IE remains an important clinical problem in a typical teaching tertiary care centre in SA. In this setting, it continues to affect mainly young people with post-inflammatory valve disease and congenital heart disease. The in-hospital mortality associated with IE remains high. Intravenous drug-associated endocarditis caused by S. aureus is an important IE subset, comprising ~10% of all cases, which was not reported 15 years ago, and culture-negative endocarditis remains highly prevalent. Heart failure in IE carries a significant risk of death and needs a more intensive level of care in hospital. Finally, cardia...
Source: South African Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: S Afr Med J Source Type: research
ConclusionsPerforming a colonoscopy in all EFIE patients, irrespective of the presumed source of infection, could be helpful to diagnose colorectal disease in these patients and to avoid a new bacteremia episode (and eventually infective endocarditis) by the same or a different microorganism.ResumenIntroducción y objetivosEl objetivo del estudio fue determinar la prevalencia de patología colorrectal en los pacientes con endocarditis infecciosa por Enterococcus faecalis (EIEF).MétodosSe realizó un estudio observacional, retrospectivo y multicéntrico en 4 hospitales de referencia. Se incluy...
Source: Revista Espanola de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
AbstractWhile the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes ofEnterococcus faecalis andE. faecium bacteremia are well known, those ofE. durans bacteremia are still largely unclear. We retrospectively identified 80 adultE. durans bacteremia cases treated at our 2700-bed tertiary care hospital between January 1997 and December 2016. We compared the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of the adult patients withE. durans bacteremia (case group) with those ofE. faecalis andE. faecium bacteremia cases (two control groups). The case and control groups were matched for sex, age, and date of onset of bacteremia.E....
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Thought Rheumatic heart disease continues to be the most common predisposing factor, degenerative heart diseases and healthcare associated IE are also gradually increasing. Use of antibiotics prior to sending blood cultures remains a significant cause of culture negativity. Viridans streptococci continue to be the commonest pathogen and though ESBL E coli constituted a significant minority it could expound the changing epidemiology and risk factors for Gramnegative endocarditis especially non-HACEK group necessitating an updated review of this subject. PMID: 31331138 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
This case describes a brachial artery mycotic aneurysm (BAMA) secondary to infective endocarditis caused by Enterococcus faecalis. BAMAs are rare and potentially limb or life threatening. A literature review revealed 61 cases since 1950, primarily caused by intravenous drug use, with Staphylococcus aureus being the most common causative bacteria.
Source: EJVES Extra - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Short Report Source Type: research
Conclusions: This original model of infective endocarditis recapitulates the neurologic lesion spectrum observed in humans and suggests synergistic mechanisms involved, including thromboembolism and cerebral vasculitis, promoted by a systemic bacteremia-mediated inflammation.
Source: Critical Care Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Online Laboratory Investigations Source Type: research
MONDAY, July 8, 2019 -- The prevalence of infective endocarditis (IE) is about 26 percent among patients with Enterococcus faecalis bacteremia, according to a study published in the July 16 issue of the Journal of the American College of...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
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