CRISPR/Cas9-mediated in vivo gene editing reveals that neuronal 5-HT1A receptors in the dorsal raphe nucleus contribute to body temperature regulation in mice.

In this study, we constructed a viral vector expressing a single guide (sg)RNA targeting Htr1a (sgHtr1a) and Cre recombinase under the control of a neuron-specific promoter. Injection of the viral vector into the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) of Cre-dependent Cas9 knock-in mice induced Cre-dependent Cas9 expression mainly in DRN serotonin and GABA neurons. Mismatch cleavage assay and Sanger sequencing showed insertion or deletion formation at the target site. 5-HT1A receptor agonist-induced hypothermia was attenuated and antidepressant effect of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) was enhanced by microinjection of the viral vector expressing sgHtr1a into the DRN of Cre-dependent Cas9 knock-in mice. These results suggest that this in vivo CRISPR/Cas9-mediated 5-HT receptor gene knockout strategy provides a reliable and low-cost method for elucidating 5-HT receptor functions in specific cell types and brain regions. Further, we demonstrate that the neuronal 5-HT1A receptor in the DRN regulates body temperature and antidepressant effect of SSRI. PMID: 31194947 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Brain Research - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Brain Res Source Type: research

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