A review of sarcoptic mange in North American wildlife

Publication date: Available online 13 June 2019Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and WildlifeAuthor(s): Kevin D. Niedringhaus, Justin D. Brown, Kellyn M. Sweeley, Michael J. YabsleyAbstractThe “itch mite” or “mange mite”, Sarcoptes scabiei, causes scabies in humans and sarcoptic mange in domestic and free-ranging animals. This mite has a wide host range due to its ability to adapt to new hosts and has been spread across the globe presumably through human expansion. While disease caused by S. scabiei has been very well-studied in humans and domestic animals, there are still numerous gaps in our understanding of this pathogen in free-ranging wildlife. The literature on sarcoptic mange in North American wildlife is particularly limited, which may be due to the relatively limited number of clinically-affected species and lack of severe population impacts seen in other continents. This review article provides a summary of the current knowledge of mange in wildlife, with a focus on the most common clinically-affected species in North America including red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), gray wolves (Canis lupus), coyotes (Canis latrans), and American black bears (Ursus americanus).Graphical abstract
Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 18 September 2019Source: Drug Discovery Today: Disease ModelsAuthor(s): Allan Artavia-León, Miguel Pacheco-Leiva, Cristofer Moya-Román, Natalia Rodríguez-Hernández, Adrián A. Pinto-TomásAnts have been widely studied, with 14,000 described species, but it is not until recently that they gained attention as sources for antimicrobial drug discovery. An increasing amount of studies are investigating ant-microbe symbioses, and clear benefits from their microbial counterparts have been experimentally demonstrated for ants in the tribes Attini, Camponoti...
Source: Drug Discovery Today: Disease Models - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Sclerocarya birrea (Sb), Psidium guajava (Pg) and Eucalyptus camaldulensis (Ec) are widely used in traditional medicine for the treatment of many diseases, some of which were related to oxidative stress and parasitic diseases. Their essential oils (EO) were analyzed by GC/MS and FID and tested in vitro for their antioxidant activities (DPPH), their anti-trypanosomal and anti-plasmodial activ...
Source: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 September 2019Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Aikaterini Anagnostou, Jonathan O’B Hourihane, Matthew GreenhawtAbstractShared decision-making was first highlighted in a report by the Institute of Medicine in 2001. The primary aim of this initiative was to improve the quality of care provided to patients in the United States by creating a health care system that is safe, effective, efficient and equitable. Currently, medical decision making is based on a patient-centered approach with the individuals’ preferences, needs and values...
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Although the polypill could improve adherence and reduce health inequities, little progress has been made in its implementation worldwide, particularly in the United States.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Cardiology Headlines - Category: Cardiology Tags: Cardiology News Source Type: news
For a long time Leishmaniasis had been considered as a neglected tropical disease. Recently, it has become a priority in public health all over the world for different aspects such as geographic spread, number of population living at risk of infection as well as the potential lethality and/or the development of disfiguring lesions in the, respectively, visceral and tegumentary forms of the disease. As a result, several groups have been bending over this issue and many valuable data have been published. Nevertheless, parasite-host interactions are still not fully known and, consequently, we do not entirely understand the in...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
A Canadian teenager has been diagnosed with “severe respiratory illness” linked to use of vaping products, health officials in Ontario, Canada, confirmed Wednesday. “As far as we are aware this is the first case of vaping related illness that’s been reported in Canada,” said Dr. Christopher Mackie, the medical officer of health and CEO of the Middlesex-London Health Unit, at a press conference. According to Mackie, the unidentified individual was a “high school age youth” who had “no other health issues whatsoever.” He added that “[the individual] had quite a seve...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Canada health onetime vaping Source Type: news
We present a case demonstrating histopathological clot findings after endovascular thrombectomy for acute ischaemic stroke in a 38 year-old male with systemic lupus erythematosus and antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). The differential diagnosis was embolism of a suspected Libman-Sacks vegetation or less likely an in-situ thrombosis. Clot analysis provided guidance with patient management and anticoagulation was commenced. The utility of clot analysis in this case provides support for routine clot analysis, which has been standard practice at our institution, and is likely to evolve as endovascular thrombectomy becomes more widely accessible.
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
ConclusionsComparisons of CABG characteristics and outcomes were conducted between the STS National Database and JCVSD to illustrate the value of international collaboration off adult cardiac surgery databases.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Lawyers for two Air Force members who are HIV-positive have urged a federal appeals court to uphold an injunction barring the Trump administration from continuing with discharge proceedings against them
Source: ABC News: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news
WEDNESDAY, Sept. 18, 2019 -- An estimated 12.6 million persons in the United States could benefit from treatment to prevent active tuberculosis (TB), according to a report published in the October issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases, a publication...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
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