Towards harmonisation of entomological surveillance in the Mediterranean area

by Fr édéric Jourdain, Abdallah M. Samy, Afrim Hamidi, Ali Bouattour, Bülent Alten, Chafika Faraj, David Roiz, Dušan Petrić, Elisa Pérez-Ramírez, Enkeledja Velo, Filiz Günay, Golubinka Bosevska, Ibrahim Salem, Igor Pajovic, Jelena Marić, Khalil Kanani, Lusine Paronyan, Maria-Grazia Dente, Marie P icard, Marija Zgomba, M'hammed Sarih, Nabil Haddad, Oleksandr Gaidash, Roena Sukhiasvili, Silvia Declich, Taher Shaibi, Tatiana Sulesco, Zoubir Harrat, Vincent Robert BackgroundThe Mediterranean Basin is historically a hotspot for trade, transport, and migration. As a result, countries surrounding the Mediterranean Sea share common public health threats. Among them are vector-borne diseases, and in particular, mosquito-borne viral diseases are prime candidates as (re)emerging diseases and are likely to spread across the area. Improving preparedness and response capacities to these threats at the regional level is therefore a major issue.The implementation of entomological surveillance is, in particular, of utmost importance. Guidance in designing entomological surveillance systems is critical, and these systems may pursue different specific objectives depending on the disease.The purpose of the proposed review is to draw up guidelines for designing effective and sustainable entomological surveillance systems in order to improve preparedness and response. However, we make it clear that there is no universal surveillance system, so the thi...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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Source: Revista da Associacao Medica Brasileira - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Although the knowledge of the natural evolution of the disease is still scarce, the current evidence is strong enough to establish a causal relationship between ZIKV infection during pregnancy and the increased incidence of the microcephaly and serious eye alterations that lead to the severe lower vision of these children.RESUMO: INTRODU ÇÃO: O vírus Zika (ZIKV) é um arbovírus isolado pela primeira vez no ano de 1947, sendo transmitido para o homem pelo mosquito Aedes aegypti. No Brasil foi detectado pela primeira vez em maio de 2015. Desde então, ZIKV foi identificado ...
Source: Revista da Associacao Medica Brasileira - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion: Most common etiology of PRS is ANCA positive vasculitis in India. With high degree of suspicion for DAH in patients presenting with haemoptysis, breathlessness and alveolar opacities in chest x-ray and carefully investigating by simple urine examination for evidence of GN, timely diagnosis of PRS can be made. With timely appropriate treatment survival is 68%. Patients with PRS due to leptospirosis or dengue have features suggestive of underlying disease (like icterus with raised bilirubin but
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Authors: Sudulagunta SR, Sodalagunta MB, Kumbhat M, Bangalore Raja SK PMID: 31324104 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
We report this case to highlight the possibility of afebrile dengue in endemic areas. PMID: 31324095 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Authors: Jain M, Vargese J, Sachan D, Venkataraman J Abstract Von Willebrand factor (vWF) is an adhesive and multimeric glycoprotein that has a central role in primary hemostasis. v W F levels correlate with thrombosis risk and inversely with bleeding risk within the apparently healthy population. Recently, numerous publications in Indian and western literature have focussed to its role in liver diseases like acute liver failure, chronic liver disease, non cirrhotic portal hypertension and tropical infections eg. dengue. The present review encapsulates the recent advances in this aspect. PMID: 31324089 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
[Observer] Dr. Catherine Kurkett-Kamara, director of the SALT Rehabilitation Clinic in Zubah Town community in Paynesville, outside Monrovia, has raised alarm over the emergence of a new disease in the country, which she classified as "Zika virus," transmitted mainly by mosquitoes.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
Mrinal Matish, Ullas V Acharya, Lakshmi Mahesh, Rupa Ananthasivan, Balasubramanyam ShankarIndian Journal of Ophthalmology 2019 67(8):1332-1333
Source: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract More than 100 pathogens, spanning multiple virus families, broadly termed 'arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses)' have been associated with human and/or animal diseases. These viruses persist in nature through transmission cycles that involve alternating replication in susceptible vertebrate and invertebrate hosts. Collectively, these viruses are among the greatest burdens to global health, due to their widespread prevalence, and the severe morbidity and mortality they cause in human and animal hosts. Specific examples of mosquito-borne pathogens include Zika virus (ZIKV), West Nile virus (WNV), dengue vi...
Source: Trends in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Trends Microbiol Source Type: research
Abstract Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) have a long history of emerging to infect humans, but during recent decades, they have been spreading more widely and affecting larger populations. This is due to several factors, including increased air travel and uncontrolled mosquito vector populations. Emergence can involve simple spillover from enzootic (wildlife) cycles, as in the case of West Nile virus accompanying geographic expansion into the Americas; secondary amplification in domesticated animals, as seen with Japanese encephalitis, Venezuelan equine encephalitis, and Rift Valley fever viruses; and urbani...
Source: Annual Review of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Annu Rev Med Source Type: research
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