Are we close to defining a metabolomic signature of human obesity? A systematic review of metabolomics studies

ConclusionThe present SR provides state-of-the-art information about the use of metabolomics as an approach to understanding the dynamics of metabolic processes involved in human obesity and emphasizes metabolic signatures related to obesity phenotypes.
Source: Metabolomics - Category: Biology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS AUDITNOVA is reliable for measuring aspects such as availability, price, quantity of brands, and advertising of foods available in the consumer food environment.RESUMO OBJETIVO Desenvolver e avaliar a confiabilidade de um instrumento de auditoria do ambiente alimentar do consumidor que possibilite captar informa ções sobre indicadores do ambiente alimentar do consumidor como disponibilidade, preço, estratégias promocionais e publicitárias e quantidade de marcas disponíveis, utilizando como base teórica as recomendações alimentares adotadas pelo Guia...
Source: Revista de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS Ministry of Health policies on the amount of patient cost sharing and on the choice of medicines on coverage lists have substantial impacts on overall generic sales volume in retail pharmacies.
Source: Revista de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Abstract The main objective of this study was to identify the association between combined effect of physical activity, reduction of screen time and overweight in adolescents. The sample of this cross-sectional study consisted of 613 adolescents, aged 15-18 years living in a municipality in northeastern Brazil. Physical activity was measured using the short-version IPAQ (International Physical Activity Questionnaire), and screen time was verified through two questions about the time that, on average, interviewees watched television, played video games, used the cell phone or computer on a normal weekday and one weekend day...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to correlate anthropometric, BIA and DXA parameters among obese Brazilian adults with focus on the comparison with visceral adipose tissue (VAT) obtained from DXA and in the value of antropometric measurements. Fifty voluntary participants were enrolled. The Spearman correlation test was used to assess the correlation of VAT with anthropometric measurements, BIA and other DXA parameters. The intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to evaluate concordance between lean mass (LM), fat mass (FM), %body fat (%BF) and %upper body fat (%UBF) obtained from BIA and DXA. Most were female (8...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
This article aimed to systematically review the association between socioeconomic status according to the life course models and the body mass index (BMI) in adults. A review was performed following the guidelines of the PRISMA. The studies were identified in the MEDLINE/PubMed, LILACS and Web of Science databases. The eligible articles investigated the association between at least one life course model (risk accumulation, critical period or social mobility) and BMI. In order to assess the quality of the selected articles, the NOS checklist was applied to each study. Eleven articles were selected for the systematic review,...
Source: Cadernos de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Cad Saude Publica Source Type: research
A systematic review was performed to investigate the impact of obesity on outcomes following total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA).
Source: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Online Article Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Objective Analyzing the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its association with adolescent diet quality. Methods Cross-sectional research with 327 adolescents from public and private high schools of Teresina, Piau í. Socioeconomic, anthropometric, and food consumption data were analyzed to obtain the Brazilian Healthy Eating Index-Revised. Moreover, data related to metabolic syndrome (blood glucose, blood pressure, waist circumference, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) were also analyz ed. Continuous variables were described by means, standard deviations, and 95% confi dence interva...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Objective Review the diet and nutritional status of women surviving breast cancer following the Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Population. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted with 201 women, who underwent anthropometric measurements to determine body mass index, waist circumference and waist/hip ratio. Dietary assessment was performed usinga food frequency questionnaire. Consumption was stratifi ed into four groups: fresh/minimally processed food (Group 1), processed food ingredients (Group 2), processed food (Group 3) and ultra-processed food (Group 4).The ratio of daily contribution of each food ...
Source: Revista de Nutricao - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
This study was conducted to enhance the rate of advance care planning conversations and documentation by improving knowledge, attitudes, and skills of caregivers.      Read more   Violence and Trauma ...
Source: Johns Hopkins University and Health Systems Archive - Category: Nursing Source Type: news
Source: BMJ News - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
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