Chinese Herbal Medicine Wenxia Changfu Formula Reverses Cell Adhesion-Mediated Drug Resistance via the Integrin β 1-PI3K-AKT Pathway in Lung Cancer

In the treatment of lung cancer, the multidrug resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs is one of the reasons of low rates for cure and treatment failure, the combination of chemotherapeutic drugs and traditional Chinese medicine can increase the sensitivity of chemotherapy and reduce its adverse effects. Our previous study has proved that Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) Wenxia Changfu Formula (WCF for short) effectively enhances chemotherapeutic efficacy in lung cancer treatment and reverses multidrug resistance in lung cancer cells in vitro. The present study aims to investigate the effect and mechanism of WCF in reversing cell adhesion-mediated drug resistance of lung cancer by using A549 three-dimensional cell culture and nude mouse model of the A549 cell line with Integrin β1 overexpression. We show that the combination of WCF with DDP can decrease proliferation of lung cancer cells by inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Moreover, we find that the combination of WCF with DDP suppresses the expression of certain molecules which regulate cell cycle and apoptosis. Mechanistically, we show that the Integrin β1, FAK, PI3K, and AKT protein expressions are suppressed by DDP and even more responses are observed when DDP and WCF are combined, showing WCF treatment enhances the effect of commonly used anticancer drugs. In line with the above findings, our results confirm that WCF reverses cell adhesion-mediated drug resistance of lung cancer via inactivating Integrin &be...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

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Lung cancer management remains challenge due to its asymptomatic and late presentation when it is metastatic. Clinical response to the first-line platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with advanced lung cancer is disappointing due to the development of chemoresistance. Chemoresistance is a complex phenomenon. Mechanistic understanding using experimental models have yielded limited clinically understanding for overcoming resistance. While the role of lung CSCs in conferring multidrug resistance has been postulated, experimental evidence remains associative and lacks in depth mechanistic inquisition. In the present study, ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Haifang Chen 10-Hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT) is a broad-spectrum chemotherapeutic drug, although its side effects and multidrug resistance (MDR) limit its clinical application. A range of drug delivery systems have been utilized to overcome its shortcomings and maintain its therapeutic efficacy, however the use of the transport effect of traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) to improve the distribution of chemotherapeutic drugs has not been widely reported. Platycodonis Radix (JG) and Glycyrrhizae Radix ET Rhizoma (GC) are common TCMs in clinics and are often combined as drug pairs to act as “transport agents...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In this study, we found that both IL ‐25 and major vault protein (MVP) were elevated expressed in cisplatin‐resistant lung adenocarcinoma cell line (A549/CDDP). IL‐25 could promote cisplatin resistance of lung cancer cells by activating NF‐κB signaling pathway to increase of MVP. AbstractAs an inflammatory factor, IL ‐25 has been studied in variouscancers, but it is rarely reported in cancer chemotherapy resistance. Major vault protein (MVP), as a gene associated with lung multidrug resistance, is associated with multiple chemotherapy resistances of lung cancer. However, the relationship between IL‐25 and...
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Lei Shang1,2 and Minjie Wei1* 1School of Pharmacy, China Medical University, Shenyang, China 2Shenyang Medical College, Shenyang, China The protein lysine methyltransferase SMYD2 has recently emerged as a new enzyme modulate gene transcription or signaling pathways, and involved into tumor progression. However, the role of SMYD2 in drug resistant is still not known. Here, we found that inhibition of SMYD2 by specific inhibitor could enhance the cell sensitivity to cisplatin (CDDP), but not paclitaxel, NVB, and VCR in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Further study showed that SMYD2 and its substrates were overex...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Qingbin Cui1,2, Chao-Yun Cai2, Hai-Ling Gao2,3, Liang Ren1, Ning Ji2,4, Pranav Gupta2, Yuqi Yang2, Suneet Shukla5, Suresh V. Ambudkar5, Dong-Hua Yang2 and Zhe-Sheng Chen2* 1School of Public Health, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangdong, China 2Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, St. John's University, Queens, NY, United States 3Department of Histology and Embryology, Clinical Medical College, Weifang Medical University, Weifang, China 4Tianjin Key Laboratory on Technologies Enabling Development of Clinical Therapeutics and Diagnostics, School of Pharmacy, Tian...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to investigate the potential anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic activities of SNG in a panel of MM cell lines (U266, IM9, MM1S, and RPMI-8226). SNG treatment of MM cells resulted in a dose-dependent decrease in cell viability through mitochondrial membrane potential loss and activation of caspase 3, 9, and cleavage of PARP. Pre-treatment of MM cells with a universal caspase inhibitor, Z-VAD-FMK, prevented SNG mediated loss of cell viability, apoptosis, and caspase activation, confirming that SNG-mediated apoptosis is caspase-dependent. The SNG-mediated apoptosis appears to be resulted from suppres...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Chan Feng1, Donglei Zhu1, Lv Chen1, Yonglin Lu1, Jie Liu1, Na Yoon Kim2, Shujing Liang1, Xia Zhang1, Yun Lin1, Yabin Ma3* and Chunyan Dong1* 1Cancer Center, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai, China 2Department of Chemical Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, United States 3Pharmacy Department, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai, China The off-target activation of photosensitizers is one of the most well-known obstacles to effective photodynamic therapy (PDT). The selected activation of photosensitizers in cancer cells is highly desired to overcome this problem. We...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study, the three natural compounds 6-methoxymellein (3), angelicoin B (4) and ellagic acid as well as nine novel 3,4-dihydroisocoumarins (Figure 1) were analyzed regarding their cytotoxicity in cancer cells and inhibition of the endogenously expressed human ABC transporters P-gp, BCRP, and MRP1 and of the yeast transporter Pdr5. For further insights into the mechanism of action, Pdr5 ATPase and substrate transport assays were performed. These results were complemented with molecular docking studies that indicate that differences in the inhibitory power of the investigated 3,4-dihydroisocoumarins with respect to P-g...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Discussion Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 is an essential molecule for maintaining immune homeostasis and subverting inflammation. Disorders arising from excess inflammation or SOCS1 deficiency can be potentially treated with SOCS1 mimetics (Ahmed et al., 2015). While SOCS1 has promising potential in many disorders, it should be noted that new targets and actions of SOCS1 are still being discovered and not all the effects of this protein are beneficial in autoimmune diseases and cancer. For instance, SOCS1 degrades IRS1 and IRS2, required for insulin signaling, via the SOCS Box domain, thus, limiting its potential in ...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In conclusion, NC-LAP demonstrate antitumoral effect in HER-positive bladder cells by inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis exhibiting better effects compared to the non-encapsulated lapatinib. Our work suggests that the LAP loaded in nanoformulations could be a promising approach to treat tumors that presents EGFR overexpression phenotype. Introduction Bladder cancer (BC) is a heterogeneous disease which presents several molecular characteristics associated with different clinical outcomes (1). Urothelial or transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) represent the most frequent type of bladder cancer (2) and are classifie...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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