Featured Review: Different ways to reduce consumption of sugary drinks

New Cochrane Review assesses evidence on different ways to reduce consumption of sugary drinksConsumption of sugary drinks is considered to be a key driver behind the global obesity epidemic, and is linked with tooth decay, diabetes and heart disease. Many public health bodies including the World Health Organization (WHO) have called upon governments, the food and drink industry, educational institutions, places of work and civil society to support healthier beverage choices. Thisnew Cochrane Review summarizes evidence from research studies testing different ways of reducing consumption of sugary drinks at a population level.A team of researchers from Germany and the UK looked at the results from 58 studies that assessed a range of approaches and strategies aimed at changing the physical or social environment where people consume or buy sugary drinks. The studies were done in a variety of settings, including schools, cafes, restaurants, homes, and retail outlets. The studies assessed a wide range of different approaches to reduce consumption such as labelling and pricing of sugar sweetened drinks and healthy alternatives. They also looked at broader policy initiatives such as community-based campaigns to encourage healthier choices. The studies were conducted in 19 different countries from North and South America, Australasia and Europe and South East Asia.Within the broad categories of interventions studied, (labelling, nutrition standards, price increases and subsidies, hom...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news

Related Links:

Authors: de Azeredo LA, Viola TW, Rothmann LM, Trentin R, Arteche AX, Haag Kristensen C, Buchweitz A, Grassi-Oliveira R Abstract Youths who experience multiple forms of victimization are at a heightened risk for psychopathology across the lifespan. The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is a key target for the investigation of neurobiological changes induced by chronic stress and violence exposure. The measurement of hair cortisol concentration allows the investigation of long-term HPA activity and its association with victimization. The present study investigated the impact of exposure to polyvictimization ...
Source: Stress - Category: Research Tags: Stress Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Dietary CQ10-supplementation was associated with demonstrable benefits in CPZ-induced Parkinsonism-like changes in mice. PMID: 31702498 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Aging Science - Category: Geriatrics Tags: Curr Aging Sci Source Type: research
ConclusionDiabetes-induced significant decline in orexin B levels in the plasma along with a decrease in the expression of sirtuin 1 and HIF-1α in the heart following ischemia-reperfusion injury may possibly contribute in exacerbating the myocardial injury and vascular dysfunction.
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the new method offers a sustainable route for producing high quality CNF from sugar beet waste.Graphical abstract
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 November 2019Source: Plant Physiology and BiochemistryAuthor(s): Fatma Pehlivan KarakasAbstractGoji berry (Lycium barbarum L.) is a fruit that has many beneficial effects (such as antidiabetic, antioxidant, anticancer, antidepressant, and immunomodulatory) on human health because of several dietary constituents such as phenolics, vitamins, carotenoids, and polysaccharides. In order to develop in vitro culture protocols for callus induction and plant regeneration from different explants of Goji plants and to compare the phenolic composition in calli of different origin, various combinati...
Source: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 November 2019Source: Toxicology ReportsAuthor(s): Patrícia de Araújo Rodrigues, Selene Maia de Morais, Liza Araújo Aguiar, Nadja Soares Vila-Nova, Stephen Rathinaraj BenjaminAbstractByrsonima sericea DC. (Malpighiaceae) leaves are popularly folk medicine in Brazil used to treat gastro-intestinal disorders including diarrhea and gastric diseases. Ethanol extract (BSEE), ethyl acetate extract (BSEAE) and hexane extract (BSHE) of the leaf part of Byrsonima sericea DC were characterized for their total phenolics, proanthocyanidins and flavonoids content. The total antio...
Source: Toxicology Reports - Category: Toxicology Source Type: research
High glucose inhibits osteogenic differentiation and proliferation of MC3T3‑E1 cells by regulating P2X7. Mol Med Rep. 2019 Oct 31;: Authors: Yang J, Ma C, Zhang M Abstract Diabetes mellitus adversely affects human bones and increases the risk of developing osteoporosis. In the present study, treatment with 30 mmol/l glucose was used to establish a high glucose (HG) cell model in vitro. Plasmids were used to overexpress the P2X purinoceptor 7 (P2X7) gene. Brilliant blue G and (4‑benzoyl‑benzoyl)‑ATP were used as a P2X7 antagonist and agonist, respectively. Proliferation of osteogenic M...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
Effects of microRNA‑217 on high glucose‑induced inflammation and apoptosis of human retinal pigment epithelial cells (ARPE‑19) and its underlying mechanism. Mol Med Rep. 2019 Oct 30;: Authors: Xiao H, Liu Z Abstract Diabetic retinopathy is a major complication of diabetes. Increasing evidence has indicated that microRNAs (miRs) serves an important role in diabetic retinopathy. However, the expression and mechanism of miR‑217 in high glucose‑induced human retinal pigment epithelial cells ARPE‑19 is still unclear. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the role of miR‑217 in hi...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
Authors: Huang S, Tang N, Zhao H, Tang CL Abstract Insulin resistance (IR) is the impaired insulin response that causes decreased glucose tolerance. Electrical stimulation (ES) can improve insulin sensitivity in the skeletal muscle. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain to be elucidated. In the present study, the effect of ES and diet therapy on IR and the role of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway in the improvement of IR by ES were investigated. A total of 70 Sprague‑Dawley male rats were divided into five groups: Normal (n=10), IR control (n=15), diet (n=15), ES (n=15) and ES + diet...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
Chronic aerobic exercise improves insulin sensitivity and modulates Nrf2 and NF‑κB/IκBα pathways in the skeletal muscle of rats fed with a high fat diet. Mol Med Rep. 2019 Oct 31;: Authors: Yu Q, Xia Z, Liong EC, Tipoe GL Abstract The present study aimed to investigate the molecular mechanisms of the ameliorative effects of chronic aerobic exercise on non‑alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in rat skeletal muscle. Female Sprague‑Dawley rats (n=6‑9 per group) were divided into four groups: i) Rats fed with normal chow; ii) exercise rats fed with normal chow + exercise (r...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
More News: African Health | Brazil Health | Burns | Cardiology | Child Development | Children | Databases & Libraries | Diabetes | Diets | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Education | Endocrinology | Environmental Health | Epidemics | Epidemiology | Germany Health | Government | Heart | Heart Disease | Information Technology | International Medicine & Public Health | Men | Mexico Health | Nutrition | Obesity | South Africa Health | Study | Sugar | Tax | Tooth Decay | Universities & Medical Training | WHO