The changing therapeutic landscape of head and neck cancer
Nature Reviews Clinical Oncology, Published online: 12 June 2019; doi:10.1038/s41571-019-0227-zThe authors of this Review discuss treatments currently available for patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (focusing in those of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx and larynx). Advances in surgical and non-surgical approaches (mainly combinations of radiotherapy and chemotherapy) are discussed, including the first immunotherapeutic agents approved for these malignancies.
Conclusions: HART represents an attractive approach for patients with HNSCC where treatment intensification is indicated. PMID: 31519130 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 31 January 2018Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Benjamin Solomon, Richard J. Young, Danny RischinAbstractHead and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) comprises a heterogeneous group of tumors that arise from the squamous epithelium of the oral cavity, oropharynx, larynx and hypopharynx. While many HNSCCs are related to classical etiologic factors of smoking and alcohol, a clinically, genomically, and immunologically distinct subgroup of tumors arise from the epithelium of the tonsil and the base of tongue as a result of infection with Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). In this revi...
This article is a continuation of the “Do You Know Your Guidelines” series, initiated by the Education committee of the American Head and Neck Society. Treatment guidelines for advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma are reviewed here, including the critical roles of radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and the recent application of immunotherapy agents. We will be limiting this discussion to include cancers of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx, and larynx. It should be noted that much of the article pertains to human papillomavirus (HPV)‐negative oropharyngeal cancer where applicable, as HPV‐positive ...
CONCLUSION: The current series showed similar patterns of failure as in other tertiary care centres. We did not identify intensity-modulated radiotherapy specific relapse risks. PMID: 28034680 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion Concurrent chemoradiotherapy using weekly cisplatin at 40mg/m2 per week is an effective, well tolerated regimen allowing most patients to receive at least 5 cycles of chemotherapy. However, a phase III randomized control trial comparing the standard dose of 100mg/m2 cisplatin tri-weekly with a weekly regimen is needed to establish the long term clinical outcome. [...] Thieme Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, BrazilArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents | Abstract | open access Full text
CONCLUSION: Our data showed that a variety of treatments are used for HNSCC within German-speaking countries. Many centers offer ICT. The majority of the hospitals uses platinum-based therapy as a conservative first-line option in their organ preservation protocols. PMID: 27357174 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion In our patient group the expression of MAGE-A1–6 subtypes in tumor tissues of patients with HNSCC was correlated with advanced clinical stage of cancer and poor oncologic outcomes. We suggest that gene expression of MAGE-A1–6 subtypes may be considered to be a predictive factor to determine patient treatment or follow-up strategy.
Conclusions Concurrent carboplatin plus radiotherapy is tolerated and may be an option in treating locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck patients ineligible for treatment with cisplatin.
Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) are treated with surgery, radiotherapy and cisplatin-based chemotherapy, but survival from locally-advanced disease remains poor, particularly in patients whose tumors are negative for Human papillomavirus (HPV). Type 1 IGF receptor (IGF-1R) is known to promote tumorigenesis and resistance to cancer therapeutics. Here, we assessed IGF-1R immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays containing 852 cores from 346 HNSCC patients with primary tumors in the oropharynx (n = 231), larynx (85), hypopharynx (28), oral cavity (2). Of these, 236 (68%) were HPV-negative, 110 (32%) positive....