Suicidal Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Using Motor Vehicle Exhaust in an Open Space

Conclusions: This case was studied to observe the pattern of fatal carbon monoxide poisoning in an open space. This might be helpful for forensic medicine, emergency medicine, and occupational medicine.Med Princ Pract
Source: Medical Principles and Practice - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research

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Carbon monoxide (CO) remains an insidious and silent killer due to its physical and chemical properties; its lethal effects are encountered in cases of household accidents, occupational hazards or suicide. Deaths due to CO poisoning were studied retrospect...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Home and Consumer Product Safety Source Type: news
Authors: Mureşan CO, Zăvoi RE, Dumache RO, Precup CV, Ciocan V, Bulzan OŞ, Florou C, Enache A Abstract Carbon monoxide (CO) remains an insidious and silent killer due to its physical and chemical properties; its lethal effects are encountered in cases of household accidents, occupational hazards or suicide. Deaths due to CO poisoning were studied retrospectively in the period 2000-2018 at the Institute of Forensic Medicine, Timişoara, Romania. These cases represent 1.75% of all the autopsies and 0.63% of all violent deaths. There have been cases of single deaths and cases with multiple victims - concomitant dea...
Source: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology - Category: General Medicine Tags: Rom J Morphol Embryol Source Type: research
We report a new type of stimulus-bound behavior, denoted forced person-following, which we documented for a patient with hypoxic encephalopathy following a suicide attempt with carbon monoxide poisoning. The patient's brain was damaged in the bilateral frontal, parietal, and temporal lobes and in the basal ganglia. The patient was compelled to follow any person who came into his sight and would continue to do so until the person went out of his sight. The patient also exhibited certain primitive reflexes. The forced person-following exhibited by our patient appears to be a consequence of stimulus-bound behavior due to fron...
Source: Neurocase - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neurocase Source Type: research
Conclusionand recommendations: Females in the third decade of life with blunt injuries to the head and neck were the majority of adult female autopsies. Homicide was the most common manner of female death using sharp instruments after domestic arguments mainly by a spouse or relative. Accidental death came second mainly due to post-operative complications. In cases of suicide, falling from height was the commonest cause followed by poisoning. These findings could be useful for forensic pathologists and healthcare promoters in predicting and preventing female deaths. Moreover, this emphasizes the need for raising public awa...
Source: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine - Category: Forensic Medicine Source Type: research
According to the latest numbers, roughly 9 million Americans — 4% of U.S. adults — use prescription sleep aids, or medications that can help with insomnia and other sleep issues. And now, some of the most popular prescription sleep drugs must carry stronger safety warnings. In April, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) mandated black-box warnings — which the agency uses to “call attention to serious or life-threatening risks” — on three sedative-hypnotic sleep aids: eszopiclone (often sold under the brand name Lunesta), zaleplon (Sonata) and zolpidem (Ambien). Hypnotic drugs, which ar...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Drugs Source Type: news
We report a case presenting with AKI, rhabdomyolysis, and delayed leukoencephalopathy after CO poisoning. Patient concerns: The patient was admitted to our emergency department due to loss of consciousness after CO exposure during a suicide attempt. Diagnoses: Laboratory findings revealed elevated carboxyhemoglobin, serum creatinine, and serum muscle enzyme levels. Initially, this patient was diagnosed with AKI and rhabdomyolysis due to CO poisoning. A month after the CO poisoning, she showed neuropsychiatric symptoms. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed white-matter hyperintensity on the T2 flair image. Therefor...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
On Tuesday, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced that several prescription sleep aids must now include aboxed warning—the FDA’s strongest safety warning—following reports of sleepwalking and other rare sleep behaviors that have led to serious injuries and deaths.Sleep aids containing eszopiclone (Lunesta), zaleplon (Sonata), and zolpidem (Ambien, Ambien CR, Edluar, Intermezzo, and Zolpimist) must carry the boxed warning as well as another warning against the use of the medications by patients with a history of sleepwalking or other rare sleep behaviors like sleep driving.This is not the first ...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Ambien Ambien CR and Zolpimist boxed warning Edluar eszopiclone FDA insomnia Intermezzo lunesta sleepwalking Sonata zaleplon zolpidem Source Type: research
OBJECTIVES: A rare case of a suicidal use of gases from the car exhaust system of the car petrol engine in an open space is presented. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION: In order to verify suicidal intent of poisoning, an experimental reconstruction o...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Home and Consumer Product Safety Source Type: news
Zach (left) and Bob (right) According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, more than 70,000 Americans died from drug overdoses in 2017, including illicit drugs and prescription opioids, a two-fold increase in a decade. Opioids include prescription opioids and methadone, heroin, and other synthetic narcotics like fentanyl. Bob Paff has directly suffered the casualties of this epidemic. On January 21 of this year he lost his son Zach to an accidental overdose of fentanyl. A highly sought-after communications expert, business leader, and internationally recognized author, Bob now uses his communications platform to bring ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Addiction General Recovery Stigma Opioid Epidemic Opioids Suicide synthetic fentanyl Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: The most common cause of sudden death was suicide, which was overwhelmingly the leading cause of sudden death in patients discharged or lost to follow up. The most potent predisposing factor appeared to be drug and alcohol problems. Mental health services should therefore advocate for comprehensive and evidence-based alcohol and drug policies, including access and availability to treatment programmes. PMID: 30543613 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
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