Disease Activity May Not Affect the Prognosis of Coexisting Thyroid Cancer in Acromegalic Patients

In this study, we evaluated the course of DTC in 14 acromegalic patients retrospectively. Fourteen papillary thyroid cancer patients without acromegaly, who were matched with the acromegalic patient group for age, gender and properties of thyroid cancer, were investigated as the control group. We identified no change in the course and treatment responses of DTC in association with the acromegaly activity, gender, age and disease duration, and all patients were found to be in remission for DTC at the time of investigation. Retrospective analysis of this cohort suggests that the activity of acromegaly may not affect the treatment responses and prognosis of coexisting DTC. [...] © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology and Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research

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Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Irreversible T cell exhaustion limits the efficacy of programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) blockade. We observed that dual CD40-TLR4 stimulation within a single tumor restored PD-1 sensitivity and that this regimen triggered a systemic tumor-specific CD8+ T cell response. This approach effectively treated established tumors in diverse syngeneic cancer models, and the systemic effect was dependent on the injected tumor, indicating that treated tumors were converted into necessary components of this therapy. Strikingly, this approach was associated with the absence of exhausted PD-1hi T cells in treated and distant tumors, while s...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Skin and intestinal epithelial barriers play a pivotal role in protecting underlying tissues from harsh external environments. The protective role of these epithelia is, in part, dependent on a remarkable capacity to restore barrier function and tissue homeostasis after injury. In response to damage, epithelial wounds repair by a series of events that integrate epithelial responses with those of resident and infiltrating immune cells including neutrophils and monocytes/macrophages. Compromise of this complex interplay predisposes to development of chronic nonhealing wounds, contributing to morbidity and mortality of many d...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Fibroblasts from patients with Tangier disease carrying ATP-binding cassette A1 (ABCA1) loss-of-function mutations are characterized by cardiolipin accumulation, a mitochondrial-specific phospholipid. Suppression of ABCA1 expression occurs in glomeruli from patients with diabetic kidney disease (DKD) and in human podocytes exposed to DKD sera collected prior to the development of DKD. We demonstrated that siRNA ABCA1 knockdown in podocytes led to reduced oxygen consumption capabilities associated with alterations in the oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) complexes and with cardiolipin accumulation. Podocyte-specific deleti...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Health-Related Complications of Acromegaly—Risk of Malignant Neoplasms Marek Ruchala*† and Kosma Wolinski† Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Internal Medicine, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, PoznaƄ, Poland The issue of increased risk of benign and malignant neoplasms in patients with acromegaly remains the topic of debate from many years and was addressed by numerous studies. Many of them have shown increase in the cancer incidence. Among particular types of malignancies, thyroid, colorectal, and breast cancer are most commonly indicated as associated with acromegaly. Single ...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Abstract Carney complex is a rare, autosomal dominant, multiple endocrine neoplasia and lentiginosis syndrome, caused in most patients by defects in the PRKAR1A gene, which encodes the regulatory subunit type 1α of protein kinase A. Inactivating defects of PRKAR1A lead to aberrant cyclic-AMP-protein kinase A signaling. Patients may develop multiple skin abnormalities and a variety of endocrine and non-endocrine tumors. Endocrine manifestations include primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease, that may cause Cushing syndrome, growth-hormone secreting pituitary adenoma or pituitary somatotropic hyperpl...
Source: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes Source Type: research
Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes DOI: 10.1055/a-0753-4943Carney complex is a rare, autosomal dominant, multiple endocrine neoplasia and lentiginosis syndrome, caused in most patients by defects in the PRKAR1A gene, which encodes the regulatory subunit type 1α of protein kinase A. Inactivating defects of PRKAR1A lead to aberrant cyclic-AMP-protein kinase A signaling. Patients may develop multiple skin abnormalities and a variety of endocrine and non-endocrine tumors. Endocrine manifestations include primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease, that may cause Cushing syndrome, growth-hormone secreting pituitary adenom...
Source: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology and Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes DOI: 10.1055/a-0629-9223 Purpose Prevalence of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is increased in patients with acromegaly. We aimed to determine the protein expression of BRAF, RAS, RET, insulin like growth factor 1(IGF1), Galectine 3, CD56 in patients with PTC related acromegaly and to compare the extensity of these expressions with normal PTC patients and benign thyroid nodules. Methods We studied 313 patients with acromegaly followed in Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinic between 1998 and 2015. On the basis of availability of pathological specimen of thyroid tissues,...
Source: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology and Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Acromegaly is a rare disorder caused by chronic growth hormone (GH) hypersecretion. While diagnostic and therapeutic methods have advanced, little information exists on trends in acromegaly characteristics over time. The Liège Acromegaly Survey (LAS) Database, a relational database, is designed to assess the profile of acromegaly patients at diagnosis and during long-term follow-up at multiple treatment centers. The following results were obtained at diagnosis. The study population consisted of 3173 acromegaly patients from ten countries; 54.5% were female. Males were significantly younger at diagnosis than females ...
Source: Endocrine-Related Cancer - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
DiscussionPolycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects 6-8% of reproductive-age women making it the most common endocrinopathy in this age group. There is no consensus on the specific diagnostic criteria for PCOS in adolescents as many of the characteristics overlap with normal adolescent physiology. However, patients should have evidence of hyperandrogenism, oligo- or amenorrhea, and potentially polycystic ovaries. PCOS has a genetic component although a specific gene has not been identified. Incidence of PCOS is 20-40% for a woman with a family history. Hyperandrogenism Androgen levels change during puberty therefore actual ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
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