An investigation of driver, pedestrian, and environmental characteristics and resulting pedestrian injury.

Conclusion: These findings identify several factors associated with pedestrian injury, and public health efforts that could influence pedestrian safety are discussed. PMID: 31180735 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Traffic Injury Prevention - Category: Accident Prevention Authors: Tags: Traffic Inj Prev Source Type: research

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Abstract This work presents a novel development that exploits the concept of in-situ gas-separation together with a specific enzymatic colorimetric detection to produce a portable biosensor called "Blood Alcohol Micro-pad" for direct quantitation of ethanol in whole blood. The thin square device (25 mm × 25 mm × 1.8 mm) comprises two layers of patterned filter paper held together with a double-sided mounting tape with an 8-mm circular hole (the headspace). In operation, the reagent is deposited on one layer and covered with sticky tape. Then 8 μL of ...
Source: Analytica Chimica Acta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Anal Chim Acta Source Type: research
The objective of this work was to study hydrogel dressings containing AgNPs from silver nitrate, synthesized by radiation involving the formation of silver nanoparticles with simultaneous occurrence of crosslinking and sterilization of the polymer systems. One of the hydrogels was prepared with poly(N-vinyl-2- pyrrolidone) (PVP) and the other with poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) as main studied polymers. An aqueous solution of AgNO3 was added to both polymer systems separately. The AgNPs synthesis, polymer crosslinking and dressing sterilization were achieved simultaneously by irradiating the resultant solutions with gamma-rays ...
Source: Radiation Physics and Chemistry - Category: Physics Source Type: research
Authors: Valentí V, Cienfuegos JA, Becerril Mañas S, Frühbeck G Abstract Bariatric-metabolic surgery is the safest, most effective and long-lasting treatment for obesity and its associated co-morbidities, whether they be metabolic (type 2 diabetes, hyperlipidemia non-alcoholic fatty liver disease) or cardiovascular (myocardial infarction, stroke). Due to the obesity pandemic, bariatric-metabolic surgery is the second most frequent intra-abdominal procedure and the gastroenterologist and the surgeon must be aware of the physiologic changes caused by the anatomic reconfiguration following surgery. ...
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 April 2020Source: Journal of Molecular Liquids, Volume 303Author(s): Wail Al Zoubi, Min Jun Kim, Yang Gon Kim, Young Gun KoAbstractTransition metal doped-crosslinked polymers have attracted noteworthy attention in this respect due to their economical, simplicity and durability properties. So far, it remains demanding to fabricate transition metal doped-crosslinked polymer-inorganic films with controlled photoelectrochemical performance that were stable in the aggressive solutions. Here, we report a new strategy to preparing transition metal doped-crosslinked polymer-inorganic layers with improved photoe...
Source: Journal of Molecular Liquids - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our results indicate that insulin resistance is associated with plasma XOR activity and that relationship is independent of visceral adiposity and adiponectin level, suggesting that the development of insulin resistance resulting from increased visceral adiposity and/or reduced serum adiponectin contributes to increased uric acid production by stimulating XOR activity. PMID: 32082372 [PubMed]
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Int J Endocrinol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 February 2020Source: Journal of Alloys and CompoundsAuthor(s): Mingli Yin, Yaoting Wang, Lingming Yu, Hongjun Wang, Yuanyuan Zhu, Chun LiAbstractIn this work, a success was achieved in synthesizing the core-shell micro/nanostructure constructed by α-Fe2O3 microdrums and few-layered MoS2 nanosheets using a simple solvothermal route without the involvement of any exfoliation process. The preparation of core-shell structure and Ag nanoparticle modification enhanced sensor performance significantly. The response of the Ag–Fe2O3@MoS2 sensor to 5 ppm NO2 reached as high as 202....
Source: Journal of Alloys and Compounds - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Authors: Abstract Stillbirth is one of the most common adverse pregnancy outcomes, occurring in 1 in 160 deliveries in the United States. In developed countries, the most prevalent risk factors associated with stillbirth are non-Hispanic black race, nulliparity, advanced maternal age, obesity, preexisting diabetes, chronic hypertension, smoking, alcohol use, having a pregnancy using assisted reproductive technology, multiple gestation, male fetal sex, unmarried status, and past obstetric history. Although some of these factors may be modifiable (such as smoking), many are not. The study of specific causes of stil...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
Authors: Abstract Stillbirth is one of the most common adverse pregnancy outcomes, occurring in 1 in 160 deliveries in the United States. In developed countries, the most prevalent risk factors associated with stillbirth are non-Hispanic black race, nulliparity, advanced maternal age, obesity, preexisting diabetes, chronic hypertension, smoking, alcohol use, having a pregnancy using assisted reproductive technology, multiple gestation, male fetal sex, unmarried status, and past obstetric history. Although some of these factors may be modifiable (such as smoking), many are not. The study of specific causes of stil...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
AbstractBurns and chronic wounds are especially challenging wounds to heal. In efforts to heal these wounds, physicians often use autologous skin grafts to help restore mechanical and barrier functionality to the wound area. These grafts are, by nature, limited in availability. In an effort to provide an alternative, we have developed an electrospun wound dressing designed to incorporate into the wound with the option to deliver a cellular payload. Here, a blend of poly(glycolic acid) and poly(ethylene glycol) was electrospun as part of a custom fabrication method that incorporated 3D printed poly(vinyl alcohol) sacrificia...
Source: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials - Category: Materials Science Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH REPORT Source Type: research
VISCERAL fat is an unwanted byproduct of indulging in snacks, alcohol and living a sedentary lifestyle. High levels of this type of fat is dangerous to your health - and you can't even see it. The Express explores the benefits of turning your life around.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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