Health effects of pollution on the residential population near a Brazilian airport: A perspective based on literature review

ConclusionsIt is plausible to speculate that residing near airports (including São Paulo International Airport) increases the likelihood of developing health problems or exacerbating pre-existing conditions. Considering the volume and importance of air transport to society, it is incumbent to invest in mitigating alternatives to improve air quality and reduce noise around airports.ResumenIntroducciónLos aeropuertos son una fuente importante de contaminación atmosférica y acústica. La exposición aguda y crónica a la contaminación del aire es perjudicial para la salud humana, con efectos probados que van desde la coriza hasta la irritación de los ojos e incluso la muerte. De manera similar, la exposición a la contaminación acústica se ha relacionado con enfermedades cardiovasculares, pérdida de audición, trastornos cognitivos, trastornos del sueño, tinnitus y cambios respiratorios. Es plausible considerar que residir cerca de aeropuertos aumenta la probabilidad de desarrollar problemas de salud o exacerbar condiciones preexistentes. En este estudio se revisan los efectos de la contaminación de la actividad aeroportuaria sobre la salud de la población residente en la ciudad de Guarulhos, cerca del Aeropuerto Internacional de São Paulo.MétodosRevisión narrativa, basada en búsqueda exhaustiva de la literatura científica publicada...
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

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DiscussionFindings from the study will be submitted to a peer-reviewed journal. It is anticipated that findings may inform future clinical practice in the treatment of tinnitus-related insomnia.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov,NCT03386123. Retrospectively registered on 29 December 2017.
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Our nervous system plays a central role in how we sense things in our environment, and modulating the signals that pass through our nerves can manipulate our brain in various ways. Neuromodulation is commonly used for pain relief and is being researc...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: ENT Exclusive Neurology Source Type: blogs
This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy of natural ocean sound exposure and ocean-side relaxation in chronic tinnitus patients. We prospectively enrolled all 18 chronic tinnitus patients (≥6 months) from July to November 2018. All patients completed 90 hours of our programs. The improvement in their subjective tinnitus severity, moods, the quality of life, and sleep was serially assessed using several questionnaires at baseline, immediately, and 1 month after the program. Changes in serum stress hormone levels of the patients were also compared between the baseline and immediately after the program. Average to...
Source: Ear, Nose and Throat Journal - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Ear Nose Throat J Source Type: research
ConclusionIt was concluded that tinnitus disrupts the functioning of auditory working memory and is governed by the annoyance caused by tinnitus.
Source: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In the Korean population, dizziness was associated with shorter or longer sleep durations only among women. Further epidemiologic and experimental studies are necessary to clarify the impact of dizziness on sleep disorders. PMID: 31436054 [PubMed - in process]
Source: J Korean Med Sci - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
ConclusionThis study showed that FS might be associated with MS. Injectable or oral agents are not related to the signs and symptoms of FS. Further studies are needed to validate this association.Relevance of the article for predictive, preventive, and personalized medicineFS is common among MS patients. Being aware of this incidence that might impair the life quality of MS patients is useful to predict the comorbidity and develop preventive strategies and applying personalized treatment options and procedures.
Source: EPMA Journal - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ki PH Abstract The study addressed the efficacy of 12 weeks of yoga training in treating 25 patients with chronic tinnitus. Ten of the patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before and after training. A control group comprised 13 people reporting chronic tinnitus. All participants were assessed with the Tinnitus Functional Index. After the 12-week yoga course, the areas considered to have benefited most were the sense of control of tinnitus, sleep, quality of life, and intrusiveness. The MRI studies indicated that connections in the white matter of the motor cortex appeared to be stronger as a result ...
Source: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Complement Ther Clin Pract Source Type: research
ConclusionFurther research is required to determine the potential therapeutic roles and adverse effects of cannabis on conditions related to Otolaryngology. This study serves the Otolaryngological researcher with the most current, comprehensive literature review for the exploration into possible projects to undertake.
Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Tinnitus has been studied primarily in war veterans and refugees with PTSD, often exposed to head injury. A 50% tinnitus prevalence is reported in PTSD (versus a 10%-15% general population prevalence). Tinnitus is associated with both cochlear and central nervous pathologies including limbic activation. Overnight polysomnography of non-psychiatric tinnitus patients has revealed lower %REM (6.4% ±4.9%) in tinnitus patients versus controls (21.5%±3.6%)(Attanasio G, 2013). To my knowledge, there are no polysomnographic studies of PTSD patients with tinnitus.
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 28 April 2019Source: Neuroscience LettersAuthor(s): Yaping XuAbstractThe study investigated the alteration of brain functional connectivity (FC) patterns and analyzed the relationship between FC and psychological statue in pulsatile tinnitus (PT) patients by resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. The eligible PT patients (29) and healthy subjects (29) were enrolled. Brain activity, FC and clinical characteristics, including tinnitus handicap inventory, duration, sleep quality, anxiety, and depression were evaluated. A significantly increased brain activity in the left cerebe...
Source: Neuroscience Letters - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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