Clinical features of campylobacter-associated benign convulsions with mild gastroenteritis compared with rotavirus convulsions

ConclusionsCampylobacter is one of the pathogens responsible for BCWG, especially in summer and autumn. Other than the different seasonal distributions, the clinical features of campylobacter-associated BCWG and rotavirus-associated BCWG may be similar.
Source: Seizure - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Current literature show similar risks for bacterial pathogens. Studies are limited for viral and parasitic pathogens. The evaluated risk-factors for PI-IBS varied among the included studies and the existing evidence is insufficient to identify pathogen-specific risk factors. PMID: 31112663 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Conclusion: In our experience using the PCR- Biofire assay we show that this approach is feasible and can be used safely to tailor therapy in immunocompromised patients. In all cases, E.Coli was found, most frequently STEC (Shiga-like toxin producing E. coli). Using this approach enable us to identify new pathogens causing diarrhea in immunocompromised patients, extremely quickly. These preliminary results reveal the need for more clinical experience using the Biofire FilmArray as a diagnostic test for patients with MM and other haematological malignancies, who present acutely with severe diarrhea.DisclosuresTadmor: NOVART...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 203. Lymphocytes, Lymphocyte Activation, and Immunodeficiency, including HIV and Other Infections Source Type: research
This study represents a 2-year picture of the epidemiology of enteric pathogens in children suffering from gastroenteritis using the FilmArray® Gastrointestinal Panel (FA-GP), a multiplex molecular assay that allows to simultaneously detect a large panel of pathogens independently of the etiological suspicion and to evaluate its potential contribution to the diagnosis compared to the conventional methods. A total of 1716 stool samples, collected from children with clinical suspicion of bacterial and/or viral gastroenteritis attending the University Hospital of Parma, was submitted to the FA-GP and, when an adequate ali...
Source: International Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Int J Med Microbiol Source Type: research
m T, Lindh M Abstract Enteric coinfections among children in low-income countries are very common, but it is not well known if specific pathogen combinations are associated or have clinical importance. In this analysis, feces samples from children in Rwanda and Zanzibar less than 5 years of age, with (N = 994) or without (N = 324) acute diarrhea, were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction targeting a wide range of pathogens. Associations were investigated by comparing co-detection and mono-detection frequencies for all pairwise pathogen combinations. More than one pathogen was detected in 840 samples (65...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
Abstract Acute gastroenteritis (GE) has a major impact on morbidity and mortality worldwide, yet comprehensive data regarding infectious agents including enteroviruses are scarce. We hypothesized that enteroviruses constitute a significant cause of acute GE. We analyzed 677 stool samples from 504 patients, which had been submitted for suspected infectious GE. 0.2 ml of stool suspension was extracted using the Abbott m2000 sp robot and analysed by multiplex nucleic acid testing (NAT) using the Luminex xTAG gastrointestinal pathogen panel (GPP) as well as by specific NATs detecting enteroviruses and polioviruse...
Source: Journal of Medical Virology - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Rotavirus is the second-most frequently identified pathogen in adults hospitalised with AGE. Close contact to children or travel activity does not predict rotavirus gastroenteritis, but immunosuppression and a CRP below 50 mg/l do. The seasonality of rotavirus differs from that of bacterial gastroenteritis, making rotavirus the most frequently identified cause of AGE in adults admitted to hospital in the colder months. FUNDING: The trial was funded by an unrestricted grant from Sanofi Pasteur MSD. TRIAL REGISTRATION: not relevant. PMID: 28007052 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Danish Medical Journal - Category: Journals (General) Tags: Dan Med J Source Type: research
The objective of this investigation was to establish a possible food source of the outbreak. For the cohort studies, a case was defined as a person attending the common event and developing vomiting and/or diarrhea within three days. Upstream tracing of lettuce from all outbreak settings was conducted by way of collecting and comparing purchase and delivery information in the period of one week prior to the outbreaks. Tracing was performed through the distribution chain to the packer in Denmark and from there to the wholesaler in France. This was then followed by forward tracing of the incriminated batches of lettuce, rev...
Source: PLOS Currents Outbreaks - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Medical Virology - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This study demonstrated that the detection rate of HBoV in stool samples from children with gastroenteritis was low, although both HBoV1 and HBoV2 could be found as the sole agents in children with gastroenteritis in Novosibirsk. PMID: 26602159 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Infection, Genetics and Evolution - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Infect Genet Evol Source Type: research
Discussion Acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is a common illness worldwide and is “…defined as a decrease in the consistency of stools (loose or liquid) and/or an increase in the frequency of evacuations with or without fever or vomiting….” It is one of the most common reasons for seeking medical care and hospitalizations. In Europe, rotavirus and noroviruses are two of the most frequent viral agents causing AGE and Campylobacter and Salmonella are the most common bacterial AGE causes. For parasitic infections Giardia, and Crytosporidium are most common parasitic infections in Europe. Recommendations f...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
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