Vitamin D levels and platelet reactivity in diabetic patients receiving dual antiplatelet therapy.

Vitamin D levels and platelet reactivity in diabetic patients receiving dual antiplatelet therapy. Vascul Pharmacol. 2019 Jun 06;:106564 Authors: Verdoia M, Pergolini P, Nardin M, Rolla R, Negro F, Kedhi E, Suryapranata H, Marcolongo M, Carriero A, De Luca G, Novara Atherosclerosis Study Group (NAS) Abstract BACKGROUND: Hypovitaminosis D represents an emerging cardiovascular risk factor, and especially among higher-risk subsets of patients, such as in those with diabetes mellitus. The anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic properties of vitamin D, in fact, could be even more beneficial among diabetics, where platelet hyperreactivity and suboptimal response to antiplatelet drugs has been associated with poorer outcomes. However, no study has so far evaluated the impact of vitamin D levels on platelet reactivity and high-on treatment platelet reactivity (HRPR) among diabetic patients receiving dial antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). METHODS: Our population is represented by a consecutive cohort ofdiabetic patients treated with DAPT (ASA + clopidogrel or ticagrelor or dose-adjusted prasugrel) for an acute coronary syndrome or elective PCI, undergoing platelet reactivity assessment at 30-90 days post-discharge. Aggregation was assessed by multiple-electrode aggregometry. HRPR was defined for values above the lower limit of normality (in non-treated patients). RESULTS: We included 440 patients, that were divided according to quartiles values of vitam...
Source: Vascular Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Vascul Pharmacol Source Type: research

Related Links:

Authors: Kleinaki Z, Kapnisi S, Theodorelou-Charitou SA, Nikas IP, Paschou SA Abstract Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic multisystem disease. Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of its significant microvascular complications, associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The aim of this article is to review the literature regarding the latest advances in the management of type 2 DM (T2DM) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). We initially refer to the screening guidelines, the diagnostic tests used, the need for novel biomarkers in DN, the recent advances in high-risk patient identification, the recomm...
Source: Hormones - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Hormones (Athens) Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2020Source: European Journal of Radiology, Volume 129Author(s): Nikolaos Galanakis, Thomas G Maris, Nikolaos Kontopodis, Christos V. Ioannou, Konstantinos Tsetis, Apostolos Karantanas, Dimitrios Tsetis
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Background: Brachial plexus birth injury (BPBI) is a condition in which the brachial plexus is thought to be damaged during the birth process. Studies have cited a varying incidence rate ranging from 0.5 to 4.0 per 1000 live births. The purpose of this study is to evaluate birth claims data over a 15-year period to identify risk and protective factors for BPBI in the state of Colorado. Methods: A data request was made to the state hospital association for birth claims data. We requested all birth claims from the years 2000 to 2014. ICD9 codes for variables of interest included: BPBI, shoulder dystocia, heavy-for-dates...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Upper Extremity Source Type: research
Conclusion. The spontaneous incidence rate of vertebral body infection among OVF patients was 0.7%; however, the occurrence of this complication led to serious events. Clinicians should pay attention to the possibility of bacillemia in elderly or immunocompromised OVF patients. Level of Evidence: 4
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: CLINICAL CASE SERIES Source Type: research
Conclusion. Although intent-to-treat analysis failed to show significant differences in patients treated surgically, results of the as-treated analysis determined statically greater improvements in those patients with spondylolisthesis who were treated surgically as compared to those treated nonoperatively. Level of Evidence: 2
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: LITERATURE REVIEW Source Type: research
Purpose of review Immune dysfunction, including severe combined immunodeficiency, has been described in genetic disorders affecting the metabolism of the vitamins cobalamin (vitamin B12) and folate. We have reviewed reports of clinical findings in patients with a number of inborn errors of cobalamin or folate metabolism, specifically looking for immune problems. Recent findings There is little evidence that immune function is affected in most of the disorders. Exceptions are Imerslund–Gräsbeck syndrome and hereditary folate malabsorption (affecting intestinal absorption of cobalamin and folate, respectively...
Source: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care - Category: Nutrition Tags: GENES AND CELL METABOLISM: Edited by Anastasia Z. Kalea and Dorothy Klimis-Zacas Source Type: research
Purpose of review Genome instability has long been implicated as a primary causal factor in cancer and diseases of aging. The genome is constantly under attack from extrinsic and intrinsic damaging agents. Uracil misincorporation in DNA and its repair is an intrinsic factor resulting in genomic instability and DNA mutations. Additionally, the presence of uracil in DNA can modify gene expression by interfering with promoter binding and transcription inhibition or upregulation of apoptotic proteins. In immune cells, uracil in DNA drives beneficial genomic diversity for antigen-driven immunity. This review addresses disease...
Source: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care - Category: Nutrition Tags: GENES AND CELL METABOLISM: Edited by Anastasia Z. Kalea and Dorothy Klimis-Zacas Source Type: research
Purpose of review To give an updated review on the underlying mechanisms and clinical effects of improved glucose control after bariatric surgery. Recent findings The basic principles of the mechanism for the metabolic effects of bariatric surgery can be categorized into calorie restriction, deviation of nutrients, and reduced amounts of adipose tissue. Recent findings suggest the importance of early changes following deviation of nutrients to more distal parts of the small bowel resulting in altered release of gastrointestinal hormones, altered gut microbiota, and weight-reduction. In the long-term, loss of adipose t...
Source: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care - Category: Nutrition Tags: CARBOHYDRATES: Edited by Bettina Mittendorfer and Olle Ljungqvist Source Type: research
Source: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research
Background: Treatment with a duodenal-jejunal bypass sleeve (DJBS) induces clinically significant weight loss, but little is known about the mechanisms of action of this device. Aim: The aim of this study was to characterize the mechanisms of action of the DJBS and determine the durability of weight loss and metabolic improvements. Materials and Methods: We studied a cohort of 19 subjects with severe obesity and type 2 diabetes (baseline body mass index: 43.7±5.3 kg/m2). Anthropometry, body composition, blood pressure, biochemical measures, and dietary intake were monitored for 48 weeks after DJBS imp...
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: ALIMENTARY TRACT: Original Articles Source Type: research
More News: Angioplasty | Cardiology | Cardiovascular | Cholesterol | Clopidogrel | Coronary Angioplasty | Coronary Artery Bypass Graft | Diabetes | Diabetes Mellitus | Drugs & Pharmacology | Endocrinology | Heart | Percutaneous Coronary Intervention | Plavix | Renal Failure | Science | Statin Therapy | Study | Vitamin D | Vitamin D Deficiency | Vitamins