Requirement of NPHP5 in the hierarchical assembly of basal feet associated with basal bodies of primary cilia.

Requirement of NPHP5 in the hierarchical assembly of basal feet associated with basal bodies of primary cilia. Cell Mol Life Sci. 2019 Jun 08;: Authors: Hossain D, Barbelanne M, Tsang WY Abstract During ciliogenesis, the mother centriole transforms into a basal body competent to nucleate a cilium. The mother centriole and basal body possess sub-distal appendages (SDAs) and basal feet (BF), respectively. SDAs and BF are thought to be equivalent structures. In contrast to SDA assembly, little is known about the players involved in BF assembly and its assembly order. Furthermore, the contribution of BF to ciliogenesis is not understood. Here, we found that SDAs are distinguishable from BF and that the protein NPHP5 is a novel SDA and BF component. Remarkably, NPHP5 is specifically required for BF assembly in cells able to form basal bodies but is dispensable for SDA assembly. Determination of the hierarchical assembly reveals that NPHP5 cooperates with a subset of SDA/BF proteins to organize BF. The assembly pathway of BF is similar but not identical to that of SDA. Loss of NPHP5 or a BF protein simultaneously inhibits BF assembly and primary ciliogenesis, and these phenotypes could be rescued by manipulating the expression of certain components in the BF assembly pathway. These findings define a novel role for NPHP5 in specifically regulating BF assembly, a process which is tightly coupled to primary ciliogenesis. PMID: 31177295 [PubMed - as supplied ...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences : CMLS - Category: Cytology Authors: Tags: Cell Mol Life Sci Source Type: research

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