Initial end-tidal carbon dioxide as a predictive factor for return of spontaneous circulation in nonshockable out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients: A retrospective observational study
CONCLUSION Patients with a nonshockable out-of-hospital cardiac arrest who presented with higher values of initial ETCO2 had an increased chance of sustained ROSC and survival. This finding could help decision making as regards continuation of resuscitation efforts.
Abstract A 13-month-old infant was admitted to hospital approximately 3 weeks after ingestion of a button battery, which was lodged in the esophagus and had caused a tracheoesophageal fistula requiring mechanical ventilation. Since the battery had partially penetrated into the tracheal lumen just above the carina and also was in direct contact with the pulmonary artery, extensive considerations regarding airway and circulatory management were required preoperatively, which are presented and discussed in this case report. PMID: 31624891 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion: Completeness of manual data recording in the electronic AIMS is poor after one year of implementation. First case of the day, second phase of study period, elective cases and trainee anaesthesiologist are associated with better completeness of manual data recording in the AIMS.
Arun Raja Thangavel, Sakthirajan Panneerselvam, Priya Rudingwa, Ranjith Kumar SivakumarIndian Journal of Anaesthesia 2019 63(10):862-863
This study validated a model of slow ‐ and rapid‐airway obstruction that results in significant hypoxia and hypercapnia. This is valuable for future testing of airway device components that may improve airway management. Additionally, our data support the ability of spectral reflectance to differentiate between tracheal and esophag eal tissues in the presence of a clinical condition that decreases oxygen saturation.
Have updated practice guidelines and refined airway management devices and techniques improved patient outcomes in difficult tracheal intubations? A new study finds there's much room for improvement.Anesthesiology
Awake craniotomy is a unique technique utilized for mapping neuro and motor function during neurosurgical procedures close to eloquent brain tissue. Since active communication is required only during surgical manipulation of eloquent brain tissue and the patient is “sedated” during other parts of the procedure, different methods for anesthesia management have been explored. Furthermore, airway management ranges from spontaneous breathing to oro or nasotracheal intubation. Case reports have described the use of laryngeal masks (LMs) previously; however, its safety compared to tracheal intubation has not been ass...
Conclusions: DLT has a low malpositioning rate and is the preferred device to achieve OLV. BRO use recorded was unexpectedly low. The possibility of encountering a difficult airway is frequent, with an overall prevalence of 16%. Risk factors of desaturation are malposition and increased size of DLT. Left procedures and BRO use could lead to fewer episodes of desaturation. PMID: 31559028 [PubMed]
Authors: Nakajima A, Ohshima A, Fukayama H, Kinoshita T Abstract This is a case report of a 21-year-old male patient with Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdL) and unrepaired tetralogy of Fallot scheduled for dental treatment under general anesthesia. Anticipated dental care consisted of restorative treatment and extractions. Surgical correction of the patient's congenital cardiac abnormalities had not occurred by the time of dental treatment. As such, the developed anesthetic plan included the following goals: prevention of any anoxic episodes or spell and preparation for difficult airway management due to micrognathia...
Airway management is a cornerstone of anesthetic practice, and difficulty with airway management has potentially grave implications —failure to secure a patent airway can result in hypoxic brain injury or death in a matter of minutes. The difficult airway in otolaryngologic surgery requires careful planning and close communication between the anesthesiologist and ENT or head and neck surgeon. Knowledge of predictive factors an d a detailed preoperative evaluation can be used to predict which airway strategies are likely to be successful and which are likely to fail.
Airway management and anesthesia for laryngeal surgery poses many challenges. A preoperative endoscopic airway examination and discussion with the otolaryngologist helps in planning the anesthetic management. Although, securing the airway using specialized endotracheal tubes is possible in the majority of cases, the surgeon may occasionally request a ‘tubeless’ field. This can be achieved by ventilating the lungs using jet ventilation or high flow nasal oxygen (HFNO) while providing total intravenous anesthesia.