Resistance towards nondepolarising muscle relaxants: prolonged onset time: A systematic review

CONCLUSION A prolonged onset time should be suspected in patients with thermal injury and Duchenne's muscular dystrophy. Further, evidence supports a prolonged onset time in patients with infection, oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy, congenital heart defects, kidney failure, liver cirrhosis treated with ulinastatin along with remifentanil or intravenous fluids administered prior to NDMR.
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Neuromuscular blocking agents Source Type: research

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Conclusions: The DC-TAV program is an ambitious, civilian-military, nationwide and long-term program, based on a harmonised standard of care and including multidimensional training. Further studies are required to assess its efficacy.
Source: Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Anaesthesia Critical Care &Pain MedicineAuthor(s): Arnaud Chaumeron, Jeremie Castanie, Louis Philippe Fortier, Patrick Basset, Sophie Bastide, Sandrine Alonso, Jean-Yves Lefrant, Philippe CuvillonABSTRACTBackground: Rapid sequence induction (RSI) is recommended in patients at risk of aspiration, but induced hemodynamic adverse events, including tachycardia. In elderly patients, this trial aimed to assess the impact of the addition of remifentanil during RSI on the occurrence of: tachycardia (primary outcome), hypertension (due to intubation) nor hypotension (rem...
Source: Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 October 2019Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology (English Edition)Author(s): Yuichi Ohgoshi, Yosuke Usui, Satoshi Terada, Yoshimasa Takeda, Aiji Ohtsuka
Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis case series demonstrates that the use of a high frequency jet ventilator for cardiac MRI was feasible, safe, providing good quality cardiac imaging and avoiding anesthesia personnel to be inside the hazardous environment of MRI room. Future studies are needed to confirm its safety and efficiency in pediatric patients.ResumoJustificativa e objetivosA ressonância magnética (RM) cardíaca é uma técnica utilizada na avaliação de crianças com cardiopatias congênitas. A anestesia geral garante imobilidade, especialmente em pacientes não cooperador...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Anesthesiology ClinicsAuthor(s): Anne D. Cherry
Source: Anesthesiology Clinics - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2019Source: NeuroImageAuthor(s): Spurny B, Seiger R, Moser P, Vanicek T, M.B. Reed, Heckova E, Michenthaler P, Basaran A, Gryglewski G, Klöbl M, Trattnig S, Kasper S, Bogner W, Lanzenberger RAbstractNeural plasticity is a complex process dependent on neurochemical underpinnings. Next to the glutamatergic system which contributes to memory formation via long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD), the main inhibitory neurotransmitter, GABA is crucially involved in neuroplastic processes. Hence, we investigated changes in glutamate and GABA levels in the brai...
Source: NeuroImage - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe current rapid, multi-slice acquisition and real-time implementation of temperature and displacement visualization may be useful in clinical practices. It may help defining operational safety margins, improving therapy precision and efficacy. Simulations were in good agreement with experimental data and may thus be used prior treatment for procedure planning.
Source: NeuroImage - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Conclusions: TR2 had a positive effect on the office workers' energy expenditure, blood parameters, depression, fatigue, and productivity. PMID: 31603033 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics - Category: Occupational Health Tags: Int J Occup Saf Ergon Source Type: research
Conclusion: Previous suicide attempt, smoking, unemployment, and suffering from at least one mental disorder were the significant predictors of suicide death. Among mental disorders, major depressive disorder and substance use disorder were the most prevalent mental health problems. PMID: 31602433 [PubMed]
Source: Accident and Emergency Nursing - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Arch Acad Emerg Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Physiology &BehaviorAuthor(s): Qingfeng Xiao, Ze Xiong, Chunan Yu, Jiafeng Zhou, Qichen Shen, Liangliang Wang, Xiaoxian Xie, Zhengwei FuAbstractDepression is the leading cause of mental health-related disease globally, and it affects an estimated 300 million people worldwide. However, its physiological causes are not fully understood. Since available antidepressants fail to achieve complete disease remission, treating diversification of depression may be a useful contribution. Crocin, one of the main glycosylated carotenoids of saffron, has been found to have nu...
Source: Physiology and Behavior - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
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