Intimate partner violence, negative attitudes toward pregnancy, and mother-to-fetus bonding failure among Japanese pregnant women - Kita S, Umeshita K, Tobe H, Hayashi M, Kamibeppu K.

We examined the associations between intimate partner violence (IPV) before and during pregnancy, negative attitudes toward pregnancy, and mother-to-fetus bonding. Participants were 636 pregnant women in the third trimester, who completed the Mother-to-Inf...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: Most stakeholders considered different approaches to partner HIV testing to be acceptable, but concerns were raised about each. A choice-based approach may allow women to select their preferred method of partner testing; however, implementation challenges need to be addressed. PMID: 31321884 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONExposure to some phthalate-containing pharmaceutical drugs during third trimester is associated with preterm birth.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe GBS detection rate of the vagino-perineal swab was lower compared to the reference standard. However, agreement between the two screening methods was high and there were no cases of GBS neonatal sepsis in the recruited population, supporting this less invasive screening strategy. In contrast, the vaginal-perineal swab was inferior to the rectal swab for detecting ESBL-E, indicating that this less invasive method for detecting antibiotic resistant bacteria that may be potentially transferred to the neonate during labor and delivery would be inappropriate for ESBL-E screening in pregnant women. The low ESBL-E ...
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
ConclusionsBacterial resistance is frequent among patients with ASB and planned urological procedures. Advanced age and prior hospitalization should be borne in mind for patients with planned urological procedures because they are factors associated with the presence of MDR bacteria.
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Conclusion: A significant proportion of pregnant women have anti-HBs while the seroprevalence of HCV is low among pregnant women in the city of Mwanza. Routine screening of HBV among pregnant women coupled with appropriate management should be emphasized in developing countries. Further studies to determine seroprevalence of HCV are recommended across the country. PMID: 31316835 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2019Source: Canadian Journal of DiabetesAuthor(s): P. Khanna, L. Chow, E. Brydges, K. Anukum, S. Liu, J.L. Mahon, T. Joy, R. McManusAbstractPregnancies complicated by diabetes are increasingly frequent. The Endocrine and Pregnancy Clinic [EPC] at St Joseph’s Health Care London is the stable, local provider of all outpatient pregnancy diabetes care, thereby providing an opportunity to document patient characteristics with time.MethodsEPC charts were reviewed for: 2000-2002; 2010-2012; 2014-2016 documenting DM type (T1DM, T2DM, GDM); age; weight; year/week of DM diagnosis; med...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2019Source: The American Journal of SurgeryAuthor(s): Tyler Gaines, Nina Harkhani, Hegang Chen, Rena D. MalikAbstractBackgroundThe aim of this study is to evaluate the components of current parental leave policies in surgical practice and evaluate surgeon perceptions of parental leave.MethodsPracticing surgeons were recruited to complete a survey via social media outlets and e-mail. Participants were asked questions regarding existing policies and their perspectives towards parental leave.ResultsThe survey was completed by 431 surgeons, of which 90% were female and 45% in academic...
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: Molecular Immunology, Volume 114Author(s): Jean F. Regal, Jenna M. Lund, Cameron R. Wing, Kate M. Root, Luke McCutcheon, Lynne T. Bemis, Jeffrey S. Gilbert, Sherry D. FlemingAbstractPreeclampsia is characterized by new onset hypertension and fetal growth restriction and is associated with aberrant activation of the innate immune complement system and stressed or ischemic placenta. Previous studies have suggested a role for both endothelin and complement system activation products in new onset hypertension in pregnancy, but inter-relationships of the pathways are unclear. We hypothesize...
Source: Molecular Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Authors: Shukla A, Saxena P, Yadav A Abstract Objective: To evaluate if serum Glutathione-S Transferase-Alpha (GSTA) can be used as a biomarker of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (IHCP). Methods: 45 pregnant women with IHCP and 45 age and weight matched pregnant women as controls were enrolled and liver function tests including serum GSTA were measured. All cases and controls were followed for their maternal and foetal outcomes till delivery. Statistical analysis included unpaired t test, Mann-Whitney test and chi square test. Results: IHCP group showed higher mean serum GSTA concentrations compared t...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
The objective was to evaluate the relationship between insulin resistance and serum homocysteine in subjects with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Material and Methods: Cross sectional Case Control observational study done in Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, KGMU Lucknow. Cases were 50 PCOS women as a study group and 40 women with infertility due to isolated male cause as a control group. Serum homocysteine levels compared in PCOS patients. Results: Mean homocysteine raised in cases (11.8 ± 5.5μmol/L) than control (7.8 ± 2.2 μmol/L), p
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
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