The cannabinoid receptor 2 agonist, β-caryophyllene, improves working memory and reduces circulating levels of specific proinflammatory cytokines in aged male mice.
In this study, we assessed changes in circulating cytokines across the lifespan, memory performance in young and aged mice, and the effects of BCP on memory function and cytokine load. The plasma levels of 12 cytokines were assessed in male Swiss-Webster mice at 3, 12, and 18 months of age using multiplexed flow cytometry. Working memory was compared in 3 and 12 month-old mice using spontaneous alternations. A dose-response function (100-300 mg/kg, subchronic administration) for BCP-induced memory restoration was determined in 3 and 12 month-old mice. Finally, the effects on cytokine levels of the peak memory enhancing dose of BCP was assessed in 18 month-old mice. Circulating levels of several cytokines significantly increased with age. Multilinear regression analysis showed that IL-23 levels were most strongly associated with age. Aged mice showed deficits in working memory and higher levels of IL-23, both of which were reversed by BCP treatment. BCP appears to reverse age-associated impairments in memory and modulates cytokine production. IL-23 may play a significant role in the aging process, and future research should determine whether it has utility as a biomarker for novel anti-aging therapeutics. PMID: 31173795 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Hanewinkel R PMID: 31623003 [PubMed - in process]
Zum Kommentar von Prof. Reiner Hanewinkel zum Hot Topic-Thema „Raucherentwöhnung: E-Zigarette besser als klassische Nikotinersatzpräparate?“ Pneumologie 2019; 73: 336 – 337. Pneumologie. 2019 Oct;73(10):622 Authors: Pommer P PMID: 31623002 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Schulz H, Karrasch S, Bölke G, Cyrys J, Hornberg C, Pickford R, Schneider A, Witt C, Hoffmann B PMID: 31623001 [PubMed - in process]
Leserbrief zu Schulz H, Karrasch S, Bölke G et al. Atmen: Luftschadstoffe und Gesundheit – Teil I. Pneumologie 2019; 73: 288 – 305. Pneumologie. 2019 Oct;73(10):617-619 Authors: Schnitzler A PMID: 31623000 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Schöll N, Rohde GGU Abstract Pneumonia belongs to the most frequent and most deadly infectious diseases worldwide. It represents an increasing problem for the aging population. The incidence and mortality rises with every decade. The clinical presentation of pneumonia differs between elderly and younger patients. Multiple factors including functional status (self-dependency and immobilization), comorbidities, immunosenescence, nutritional status, swallowing disorders have to be accounted for. Pneumonia in the elderly has to be differentiated from nursing home acquired pneumonia. Diagnosis of pneumonia...
Perikardpunktion – Schritt für Schritt. Pneumologie. 2019 Oct;73(10):597-604 Authors: Ferrari MW PMID: 31622998 [PubMed - in process]
Authors: Raspe M, Rolling T, Leisse C, Fischer J, Lehmann C Abstract Infectious Diseases are a cross-sectional area connected to various medical disciplines and offer interested physicians multiple working opportunities. The spectrum of infectious diseases covers both out- and inpatient care as well as basic, clinical and epidemiological research. The need for infectious diseases specialists is increasing, thus career prospects are promising. Working conditions in infectious diseases are comparatively family-friendly. With this article we intend to arouse interest for working in the fascinating fields of infectious...
Authors: Bahmer T, Wälscher J, Fisser C, Kreuter M, Karg O, Böing S, Koczulla R, Raspe M PMID: 31622996 [PubMed - in process]
Lungengesundheit: Beruf als großer Risikofaktor? Pneumologie. 2019 Sep;73(9):e2 Authors: Simon A PMID: 31622984 [PubMed - in process]
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