Comparison of Corticosteroids by 3 Approaches to the Treatment of Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyps.

Comparison of Corticosteroids by 3 Approaches to the Treatment of Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyps. Allergy Asthma Immunol Res. 2019 Jul;11(4):482-497 Authors: Zhang Y, Lou H, Wang Y, Li Y, Zhang L, Wang C Abstract PURPOSE: Corticosteroids are regarded as the mainstay of medical treatment of eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (ECRSwNP). To date, a head-to-head comparison of the efficacy and safety of glucocorticoid preparations administered via different routes for the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps has not been reported. To compare the efficacy and safety of steroids administered via the oral, intranasal spray and transnasal nebulization routes in the management of ECRSwNP over a short course. METHODS: Overall, 91 patients with ECRSwNP were recruited prospectively and randomized to receive either oral methylprednisolone, budesonide inhalation suspension (BIS) via transnasal nebulization, or budesonide nasal spray (BNS) for 2 weeks. Nasal symptoms and polyp sizes were assessed before and after the treatment. Similarly, nasal polyp samples were evaluated for immunological and tissue remodeling markers. Serum cortisol levels were assessed as a safety outcome. RESULTS: Oral methylprednisolone and BIS decreased symptoms and polyp sizes to a significantly greater extent from baseline (P
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Allergy Asthma Immunol Res Source Type: research

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This study was supported by grants from GSK and the UK Medical Research Council (U105178805). Conflict of Interest Statement AM has grant funding from GSK and AstraZeneca/MedImmune. MB, DJ, AP, DT, and AvO are employees of GSK. The remaining authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Acknowledgments We are grateful to the Ares staff, genotyping facility, and flow cytometry core for their technical assistance. We thank Jen Walker for advice on the manuscript. Supplementary Material The Supplem...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
We report results from a phase 3 dupilumab study (SINUS-52;NCT02898454) in severe CRSwNP patients on daily intranasal mometasone furoate (MFNS).
Source: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
Dupilumab, a human IL-4R- α mAb inhibiting IL-4 and IL-13, key drivers of type 2-mediated inflammation, is approved for uncontrolled moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis in adults and in the USA for patients aged ≥12 years with moderate-to-severe eosinophilic or oral corticosteroid-dependent asthma. In a phase 2a study, d upilumab improved endoscopic, radiologic, clinical, and patient-reported outcomes in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) patients. For the first time we report results from a phase 3 dupilumab study (SINUS-24; NCT02912468) in severe CRSwNP patients (with/without comorbid asthma) on ...
Source: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionEosinophilic CRSwNP, which was previously a minor subtype in East Asians, has increased remarkably in incidence to become the predominant CRSwNP subtype in Beijing, China, indicating that rhinologists should place greater emphasis on its diagnosis and treatment.
Source: International Forum of Allergy and Rhinology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This study provides detailed information that facilitates studying CRS and its main phenotypes. However, patient distribution of this study does not necessarily reflect disease distribution in the general population. PMID: 29911211 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Rhinology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Rhinology Source Type: research
Abstract To evaluate the efficacy of a dermoplasty technique in controlling nasal polyps comparing to the conventional endoscopic approach. Prospective observational study Tertiary private hospital. Twenty-nine patients underwent surgery for replacement of the middle meatus mucosa with skin. Some patients (41.4%) suffered from allergies, 44.8% from asthma, and 27.6% from aspirin intolerance. Polyps were staged according to the Lildholdt system, and patients completed a sino-nasal outcome test (SNOT-22) pre and post-operatively. Also, patients were interrogated as for medication relevant to the nose received pre and post-...
Source: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Conclusion: In CRSwNP pts with asthma, DPL significantly improved all asthma-related items. Improvement correlated with reduced nasal polyp burden.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Allergy and immunology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese results suggest that the addition of montelukast to INCS should not be recommended in the treatment of postoperative CRSwNP patients. Level of Evidence1b Laryngoscope, 2017
Source: The Laryngoscope - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Allergy/Rhinology Source Type: research
ConclusionsAn international effort in the implementation of SUA patients registries could help to better understand the clinical features and to manage severe asthma, representing a non negligible socio‐economic burden for health services.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Allergy - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Original Article: Airway Diseases Source Type: research
Conclusions A set of typical clinical parameters has a superior accuracy in prediction of AERD diagnosis than the measurement of uLTE4 concentration alone. The addition of uLTE4 concentration to clinical parameters slightly enhances the prediction of AERD diagnosis, especially due to a high NPV.
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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