Acute respiratory distress syndrome in a four-year-old boy with diabetic ketoacidosis - case report.

We present a 4-year-old boy with DKA as the first manifestation of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus who developed ARDS, required tracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation, and survived without significant sequels. To improve survival of patients with ARDS as a complication of DKA, physicians should be aware of this rare pulmonary complication and its appropriate management. PMID: 31168194 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS The metabolic profile of human milk is dynamic throughout the first months of lactation. High levels of amino acids in colostrum and high levels of saturated fatty acids and unsaturated fatty acids in mature milk, which may be critical for neonatal development in the first month of life, were features of both normal and GDM pregnancies. PMID: 31418429 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
The objective of the present study was to investigate the association between hair and urine Al levels and obesity.MethodsA total of 206 lean and 205 obese non-occupationally exposed subjects (30-50 y.o.) were enrolled in the study. Hair and urine Al levels were assessed with ICP-MS. Laboratory quality control was performed using the certified reference materials of human hair, plasma, and urine.ResultsHair and urinary Al levels in obese subjects were significantly higher by 31% and 46% compared to the control levels, respectively. The presence of hypertension (41% cases), atherosclerosis (8%), type 2 diabetes melli...
Source: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Authors: Abstract [This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/2175-8239-jbn-2018-0200]. PMID: 31419278 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
Abstract Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD), the most common liver disease, is characterized by accumulation of fat (>5% of the liver tissue), in the absence of alcohol abuse or other chronic liver diseases. Its prevalence is increasing because of obesity, metabolic syndrome or Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). NAFLD can cause liver inflammation and progress to Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH), fibrosis, cirrhosis or Hepatocellular Cancer (HCC). Nevertheless, Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in NAFLD/NASH patients. Current guidelines suggest the use of p...
Source: Current Vascular Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Vasc Pharmacol Source Type: research
Authors: Seeger J, Romero M, Schuh C, Virmani R, Wöhrle J Abstract BACKGROUND: Use of the dual-filter cerebral embolic protection (CEP) device has been linked to a lower stroke rate in patients undergoing transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Captured debris is found in almost every filter. The impact of repositioning on number and area of captured debris has not been studied. METHODS: Consecutive patients (n = 200) undergoing transfemoral TAVR with double-filter CEP device were included. A total of 400 filters were analyzed. Histopathologic assessment and histomorphometric analyses o...
Source: The Journal of Invasive Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: J Invasive Cardiol Source Type: research
Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a leading cause of end-stage liver disease (ESLD) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in HIV. Factors contributing to the high rates of liver complications among HIV/HBV-coinfected individuals remain unknown. Setting: North American AIDS Cohort Collaboration on Research and Design. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study among HIV/HBV-coinfected patients in 10 US and Canadian cohorts of the North American AIDS Cohort Collaboration on Research and Design that validated ESLD (ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, variceal hemorrhage, and/or hepatic ence...
Source: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Clinical Science Source Type: research
Objectives: We aimed to verify the hypothesis that metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components affect the prognosis of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISNNHL). Study Design: A retrospective cohort study. Setting: Tertiary otology referral center. Patients: We divided patients who were diagnosed with ISSNHL between January 2015 and January 2018 into a MetS group and a Non-MetS group according to the diagnostic criteria of MetS. Interventions: We diagnosed ISSNHL patients by using pure-tone audiometry and treated them with oral steroids, blood flow promoting agents, and hyperbaric oxygen therapy....
Source: Otology and Neurotology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: AUDIOLOGY Source Type: research
Conclusion: New onset symptoms or persistent symptoms in SBO suggest progressive disease and necessitate re-evaluation of the microbial aetiology and antimicrobial treatment. Skull base osteomyelitis induced aneurysm is rare but can be life threatening, if not identified and managed immediately.
Source: Otology and Neurotology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: MIDDLE EAR AND MASTOID DISEASE Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 August 2019Source: Journal of Clinical &Translational EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Magdy M. Allam, Hanaa T. El-ZawawyAbstractBackgroundRemission of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) has been observed throughout the last few years, yet factors associated with remission through non-surgical approaches are still unclear. So, the factors associated with type 2 DM remission were investigatedMethodsout 670 patients, 63 patients gained non-surgical remission of type 2 DM (defined according to ADA criteria), and 396 patients served as control matched for age, sex, and BMI. The records of patients w...
Source: Journal of Clinical and Translational Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
ConclusionsAs disparities in maternal and infant outcomes were present, nutritional intervention(s) need to be targeted toward prevention of adverse pregnancy outcomes, prioritization of higher-risk groups and adaptation of the program to a multiethnic low-income population.RésuméObjectifLa présente étude a pour objectif principal de caractériser le taux d'issues de grossesse indésirables dans un groupe multiculturel composé de femmes à faible revenu.MéthodesLes données extraites entre juin 2013 et décembre 2015 provenaient de la base de donn&eacu...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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