Early nerve fibre regeneration in individuals with type 1 diabetes after simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation

AbstractAims/hypothesisThe study aimed to assess the impact on neuropathy of simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation (SPK) in individuals with type 1 diabetes.MethodsThis longitudinal observational study examined neuropathic symptoms, deficits, quantitative sensory testing, neurophysiology, corneal confocal microscopy and skin biopsy results in 32 healthy (non-diabetic) control participants, 29 individuals with type 1 diabetes and severe diabetic peripheral neuropathy [DPN] and 36 individuals with type 1 diabetes after SPK.ResultsFollowing SPK, HbA1c, eGFR, triacylglycerols and HDL improved significantly (allp 
Source: Diabetologia - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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Source: St. Michael's Hospital News and Media - Category: Hospital Management Tags: Hospital News Source Type: news
Clinical Pathologic Mismatch in a TNF-α Inhibitor-Associated Drug Reaction J Drugs Dermatol. 2019 Aug 01;18(8):828-830 Authors: O’Brien KF, Maiman RE, DeWitt CA Abstract A 56-year-old Caucasian male with a history of chronic plaque psoriasis, primary sclerosing cholangitis status-post liver transplant on tacrolimus, and ulcerative colitis on infliximab developed a progressive erythematous eruption with associated fatigue, anorexia, myalgias, and arthralgias. On two separate occasions, his skin biopsy demonstrated a lichenoid interface dermatitis (LID). Despite multiple courses of oral predn...
Source: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Drugs Dermatol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Various demographic and socioeconomic factors are associated with use of combination systemic therapy compared to use of systemic monotherapy for psoriasis. An association with commonly used disease severity indices was not observed. RELEVANCE: An understanding of which patients are more likely to be prescribed combination systemic therapy will provide important context for long-term efficacy and safety data as they become available. PMID: 31424705 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Drugs Dermatol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 August 2019Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): Qingying Fang, Jielun Hu, Qixing Nie, Shaoping NieAbstractBackgroundAs an important role of host homeostasis, the glycometabolism was closely related to the process and metabolic pathways of carbohydrates such as glycolysis, hexosamine biosynthetic pathway, and pentose phosphate in the host. Disorders of glycometabolism result in a series of metabolic diseases, such as diabetes, obesity, hypoglycemia, and etc.Scope and approachPolysaccharides, which were widely existing in daily diet and cannot be directly digested by ...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Refugees had comparable burden of non-communicable diseases, but a greaterleast once during the study period proportion of refugees than of the U.S. population had uncontrolled conditions. Duration of follow-up, obesity, tobacco use, gender, age, and region of origin were risk factors for diagnosis. Culturally-tailored chronic disease management strategies are needed. PMID: 31422992 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: J Health Care Poor Underserved Source Type: research
This study will evaluate the health care costs and utilization of individuals during their first year of enrollment in HOME and identify factors associated with higher cost and utilization. Secondary analysis of claims data were used to identify cost and utilization. Generalized linear regression and negative binomial regression were used to calculate utilization and cost. The mean total cost of care during the initial year of enrollment (n=239) per individual was $11,095.87, with $4,640.83 attributed to inpatient care. Those with diabetes (p=0.01), epilepsy (p=0.02), or mood disorders (p=0.03) were more likely to be admit...
Source: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: J Health Care Poor Underserved Source Type: research
Abstract This qualitative analysis of survey data explores service and care experiences reported by Medicaid enrollees with disabilities newly transitioned to managed care. Consumer surveys were distributed to a random sample of adult program enrollees with disabilities in an independent evaluation of one state's Medicaid managed care (MMC) rollout. Researchers performed conventional content analysis to code comments submitted by enrollee participants (N=402) in response to two open-ended survey items. Six key themes were observed in the data: (1) unmet medical, long-term services and supports (LTSS), and informat...
Source: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: J Health Care Poor Underserved Source Type: research
Publication date: 2019Source: Advances in Virus Research, Volume 104Author(s): Mitsuhiro Nishimura, Yasuko MoriAbstractIn this chapter, we present an overview on betaherpesvirus entry, with a focus on human cytomegalovirus, human herpesvirus 6A and human herpesvirus 6B. Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a complex human pathogen with a genome of 235 kb encoding more than 200 genes. It infects a broad range of cell types by switching its viral ligand on the virion, using the trimer gH/gL/gO for infection of fibroblasts and the pentamer gH/gL/UL128/UL130/UL131 for infection of other cells such as epithelial and endothelial...
Source: Advances in Virus Research - Category: Virology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Cannulation trauma at the initiation of haemodialysis could potentially be reduced with a strategy of incremental haemodialysis using single-needle treatment supported with duplex ultrasonography assessment to 'map' the vascular access as a guide for clinicians prior to cannulation initiation. PMID: 31423945 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research
Authors: Idrees M, Suthananthan A, Pathmarajah T, Sieunarine K Abstract PURPOSE: To examine the feasibility of snuffbox arteriovenous fistula as a first option for haemodialysis. BACKGROUND: Snuffbox arteriovenous fistula is the most distal native anastomosis possible for haemodialysis access. It was described by Rassat et al. This systematic review evaluates all literature investigating the feasibility and efficiency of performing snuffbox arteriovenous fistula. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane Library and Google Scholar were systematically searched for all English articles related to snuffbox arteriovenous fistu...
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - Category: Surgery Tags: J Vasc Access Source Type: research
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