Living with HIV means increased risk of heart disease

(Reuters Health) - People living with HIV are more likely to get heart disease than those without the virus, making it all the more critical they do things like exercise, eat well, and avoid smoking, U.S. doctors say.
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

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Authors: Zeng L, Zhang Z, Wang X, Tu S, Ye F Abstract BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the correlations of circadian rhythm disorder of blood pressure with arrhythmia and target organ damage in hypertensive patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 198 patients admitted and treated in our hospital from May 2018 to April 2019 were selected to receive 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. The nighttime blood pressure decrease rate is 0-10% in people with normal circadian rhythm of blood pressure. In the present study, we divided patients into a normal circadian rhythm group (normal circadian r...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Background: Influenza virus is one of the most common respiratory pathogens for all age groups and may cause seasonal outbreaks. Our aim was to identify risk groups and factors associated with severe clinical course including mortality in children with influenza-related lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI). Methods: We conducted a retrospective study in children hospitalized with influenza virus LRTI from 2008 to 2018. Data on demographic features, influenza type, viral coinfection, primary and secondary bacterial infections (SBIs), time of onset of antiviral treatment, comorbidities, hospitalization length, pedia...
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Iman A. Mohamed, Nagwa El-Badri, Amr ZaherAbstractStem cell therapy using bone marrow derived or mesenchymal stem cells has become a popular option for cardiovascular disease treatment, however the administration of embryonic stem cells has been mostly experimental. Remarkably, most of these ongoing clinical trials involve adult patients, but little is known regarding the safety and efficacy of stem cell therapy in newborns and children battling congenital heart diseases. Furthermore, cell delivery methods involve the administration of stem c...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: Chemico-Biological InteractionsAuthor(s): Lili Zhang, Xiaogui Qi, Guowei Zhang, Yingying Zhang, Jiali TianAbstractType II diabetes is recognized as a major risk factor for death due to cardiovascular complications such as coronary heart disease (CHD), but the complex interplay between these two diseases remains poorly understood. Suppression of oxidative stress, apoptosis, and inflammation of endothelial cells is a valuable treatment strategy to prevent or halt the progression of CHD. In the present study, we used real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), Western b...
Source: Chemico Biological Interactions - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
ConclusionsThese findings imply that household- and village-level factors explain substantial variation in the prevalence of chronic disease symptoms and reported diagnoses in India.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of reviewThe use of cardiac CT is well established in the TAVR sphere and gaining traction as an integral part of pre-procedural planning for left 13 atrial appendage closure (LAAC) and transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR. We aim to review the recent evidence regarding the accuracy of cardiac CT for left atrial sizing and device selection and discuss the contribution of cardiac CT to decreasing complication rates in real-world experience as compared with clinical trials.Recent findingsPre-procedural CT imaging has evolved to become an integral part of LAA closure and TMVR. For LAA closure, CT imagi...
Source: Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundUntreated symptomatic high-grade aortic stenosis remains a lethal disease requiring individually adapted valve replacement. High-risk surgical patients benefit from transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), but there is no uniform standard for patient selection and valve sizing and it is still unclear whether transthoracic (TTE) or transesophageal (TEE) echocardiography is superior in preprocedural aortic annulus sizing. As preprocedural sizing of the native aortic annulus diameter is crucial to outcome and survival, we report the results of a direct comparison between preprocedural sizing with TTE a...
Source: Journal of Echocardiography - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
The risk of cardiovascular disease skyrockets for women who have been hospitalized for bulimia nervosa, astudy inJAMA Psychiatry reports. The risk is greatest in the first two years after hospitalization and remains high for another three years before disappearing at the 10-year mark.“Our findings suggest that women with a history of bulimia nervosa should be informed of an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and death in the first decade after the index admission for bulimia,” wrote Rasmi M. Tith, R.D., M.P.H., of the University of Waterloo in Ontario and colleagues. “ These women may benefit from s...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: bulimia nervosa cardiovascular disease heart attack heart disease M.P.H. R.D. Rasmi M. Tith Source Type: research
(CNN) — Should you eat before or after exercise in the morning? The debate has raged for years. The eat-first camp says food before exercise boosts blood sugars, giving the body fuel to increase the intensity and length of a workout. It also keeps you from being fatigued or dizzy. The eat-after camp says you burn more fat if you fast before exercise. A small UK study published Friday supports the latter point of view: In 30 obese or overweight men, those who exercised before breakfast burned twice the fat as men who ate breakfast before they worked out. That’s because exercising with no fuel forces the body to ...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News Syndicated CBSN Boston CNN Exercise Source Type: news
Discussions about sexuality and reproduction are an important part of transition planning and must be done with an awareness of the adolescent’s developing understanding and maturity. Pregnancy imposes a hemodynamic load on the heart which may lead to cardiac, obstetric and fetal/neonatal complications in women with CHD. Pre-pregnancy counselling must include an assessment of maternal and fetal risk according to several well-developed models. Counselling should also include discussions about fertility and alternatives to pregnancy when appropriate. Recommendations for contraception must be made according to the patie...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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