Pediatric tracheal rhabdomyosarcoma masquerading as a granuloma

We describe a posterior wall intratracheal embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) arising in a 6-year-old tracheostomized child masquerading as reactive granulation tissue and review all reported cases of pediatric intratracheal RMS. The child underwent laser debulking of the tumor and postoperative radiation and chemotherapy with no evidence of recurrence at 2-year follow-up. A literature review revealed four previous cases of pediatric primary tracheal or intratracheal RMS, and remission was achieved in all but one case with surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation. Pathologic evaluation of tracheal mucosal granulation tissue may merit consideration, particularly in patients with increased risk factors.
Source: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research

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AbstractA 36-year-old male was referred to our hospital with left scrotal swelling. Computed tomography revealed a massive tumor in his left scrotum. The tumor extended along the gonadal vein extraperitoneally forming a massive tumor. Pathological examination showed a mixed-type germ cell tumor. Despite several chemotherapeutic treatments, the tumor continued to grow, and the patient died 28  months later after his first presentation at our institution. Autopsy revealed that the tumor comprised rhabdomyosarcoma and mature teratoma. We could not find useful tumor markers to facilitate the diagnosis of rhabdomyosarcoma....
Source: International Cancer Conference Journal - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Antonio Lucena-Cacace1, Masayuki Umeda1, Lola E. Navas2,3 and Amancio Carnero2,3* 1Department of Cell Growth and Differentiation, Center for iPS Cell Research and Application, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan 2CIBERONC, ISCIII, Madrid, Spain 3Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla (IBIS), Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío (HUVR), CSIC, Universidad de Sevilla, Sevilla, Spain Glioma Cancer Stem-Like Cells (GSCs) are a small subset of CD133+ cells with self-renewal properties and capable of initiating new tumors contributing to Glioma progression, maintenance, hierarchy, and complexity. GSCs are highly res...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The proposed nomogram is a reliable and robust tool for accurate prognostic prediction in patients with extremity soft tissue LMS. Introduction Soft tissue leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is an aggressive sarcoma, which originates from smooth muscle cells (1). Soft tissue LMS accounts for about 5–10% of all soft tissue sarcomas (2). It occurs in different sites, including the retroperitoneum, intraabdominal sites, and extremities (3). Extremity LMS comprised about 10–15% of extremity sarcomas, with a preference for the lower limb (4–6). Extremity LMS tends to have a better prognosis than uterine...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: PBT confers excellent LC, and a favorable late toxicity profile as compared with prior photon RT data. Our observations support ongoing trial efforts to dose-escalate RT for patients with larger tumors. However, these data raise concerns regarding excess failures among patients with ICE. PMID: 31005208 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Radiotherapy and Oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiother Oncol Source Type: research
Conclusions Immunohistochemical expression pattern of 4 endogenous markers of hypoxia, in tumour tissue at diagnosis, emerges as a promising tool to predict response to naCHT in children with inoperable RMS. PMID: 30995126 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biomarkers - Category: Research Tags: Biomarkers Source Type: research
Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common soft-tissue sarcoma of childhood, comprising over 50% of cases. It is considered to be an embryonal tumour of skeletal muscle cell origin, frequently occurring at genitourinary and head and neck sites, although it can arise throughout the body and at sites where there is no skeletal muscle. For most cases, multimodality therapy is required to achieve the best results, incorporating induction ifosfamide, vincristine and actinomycin D-based chemotherapy and local therapy (radiotherapy and/or surgery).
Source: Clinical Oncology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Overview Source Type: research
This study proposed a pilot study of a new tool for a reliable and accurate stratification of patients with acute leukemia based on an integrative model of leukemia behavior, cell characterization, and clinical features, in addition, to an evaluation of intra-tumor and inter-tumor heterogeneity. Together our approach allows us to introduce an integrative quantitative approach to use zebrafish and tumor characterization as a prediction tool for the behavior of acute leukemia in young adults. Materials and Methods Animal Care and Handling Zebrafish wild-type (A/B and TAB5) adults were raised and maintained according to st...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionThe possibility of MS should be considered when dealing with unusual lymphoma like neoplasms that cannot be categorized as any of the Non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes and small blue round cell tumors.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Authors: Shibui Y, Miyoshi K, Kohashi K, Kinoshita Y, Kuda M, Yamamoto H, Taguchi T, Oda Y Abstract Malignant small round cell tumors usually progress rapidly and show resistance to chemotherapy, and it is often difficult to make a definitive diagnosis based on their histological morphology. Glypican-3 (GPC3) is a highly tumor-specific antigen, and the overexpression of GPC3 was reported in many pediatric and adult malignancies. In the present study, we investigated the GPC3 expression in pediatric malignant small round cell tumors to assess its role in the differential diagnosis of the tumors. Immunohistochemistry...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
We present the case of an adolescent male patient treated in our Department for a tumoral mass located in the middle third of the forearm. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and angiography-computed tomography (angio-CT) showed a large mass located in the muscles of the anterior compartment of the forearm. Surgical treatment consisted of tumor ablation including segmental resection of the radial and ulnar arteries and of the median nerve, followed by saphenous autograft vascular bypass. The treatment plan was based on tumor type, histological grading (high), age, tumor size greater than 5 cm, unfavorable location, postoperat...
Source: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology - Category: General Medicine Tags: Rom J Morphol Embryol Source Type: research
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