Epidemiologic and etiologic patterns of uveitis in a University Hospital.

[Epidemiologic and etiologic patterns of uveitis in a University Hospital]. J Fr Ophtalmol. 2019 Jun 01;: Authors: Neiter E, Conart JB, Baumann C, Rousseau H, Zuily S, Angioi-Duprez K Abstract INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiologic characteristics of adult uveitis evaluated at the regional center of excellence specializing in systemic and autoimmune disease in the Nancy university medical center. The secondary objectives were to describe the progression over time of the various etiologies and to identify local specificities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective epidemiological study of patients diagnosed with uveitis. All patients were referred to the regional center of excellence of the Nancy university medical center between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2016. Patients under 18 years of age, patients with a first episode of acute anterior uveitis, as well as patients for whom the etiological diagnosis was made by the ophthalmologist with no need of internal medicine referral, were excluded. Age, gender, laterality, site of inflammation, clinical signs, etiology (infectious, non-infectious or idiopathic, as well as diagnosis), and date of first consultation were recorded. RESULTS: Six hundred and ninetypatients were included, with 59 % women and a mean age of 49 years. The uveitis was unilateral in 53 % of cases. Panuveitis was the most common form (52 %, N=358), f...
Source: Journal Francais d Ophtalmologie - Category: Opthalmology Tags: J Fr Ophtalmol Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: The varied pharmacologic mechanisms of NBP involve many complex molecular mechanisms; however, there many unknown pharmacologic effects await further study. PMID: 31205106 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 June 2019Source: Neurochemistry InternationalAuthor(s): Yu Chen, Zheng-Xue Zhang, Liu-Pu Zheng, Li Wang, Yin-Feng Liu, Wei-Yong Yin, Yan-Yan Chen, Xin-Shi Wang, Sheng-Tao Hou, Jiang-Fan Chen, Rong-Yuan ZhengAbstractMultiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS) affecting more than 2.5 million individuals worldwide. In the present study, myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)-induced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) mice were treated with adenosine receptor A2A antagonist SCH58261 at different periods of EAE dev...
Source: Neurochemistry International - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
AbstractThe sympathetic nervous system (SNS) serves to maintain homeostasis of vital organ systems throughout the body, and its dysfunction plays a major role in human disease. The SNS also links the central nervous system to the immune system during different types of stress via innervation of the lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, and bone marrow. Previous studies have shown that pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP, gene name adcyap1) exhibits anti-inflammatory properties in the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model of multiple sclerosis. Because PACAP is known to regulate SNS function, we...
Source: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Authors: Vassalini P, Ajassa C, Di Ruscio V, Morace A, Vergari J, Tosato C, Savelloni G, Mastroianni CM Abstract Drug-induced aseptic meningitis (DIAM) represents a diagnostic challenge since clinical and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings may be indistinguishable from a bacterial meningitis. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) are commonly used in a variety of diseases, including inflammatory and autoimmune disorders. Although usually well-tolerated, various adverse effects have been reported. DIAM is a serious neurological side effect of IVIg therapy: albeit rare (0.067% of all IVIg infusions), the condition repres...
Source: Infezioni in Medicina - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infez Med Source Type: research
We describe a recent case of silicone embolism syndrome occurring together with systemic tuberculosis in a transgendered patient newly diagnosed with AIDS. She presented with fever, hematochezia, lymphadenopathies, purple nodular lesions and lower limb edema. HIV test was positive. A chest X-Ray showed interstitial infiltrates and a tomography showed necrotic lymph nodes and pulmonary nodules with blurred borders, suggesting Kaposi sarcoma. Psychomotor impairment then occurred in the absence of tomographic signs of acute neurological events. The Mycobacterium tuberculosis genome was isolated from stool and bronchial washin...
Source: Infezioni in Medicina - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infez Med Source Type: research
Condition:   Latent Tuberculosis Interventions:   Drug: Rifampin double dose;   Drug: Rifampin triple dose;   Drug: Rifampin standard dose Sponsors:   McGill University;   Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Doctors often ask their patients to follow specific instructions as part of their prescribed treatment and hope that they do so. However, physicians currently have few ways of tracking a patient’s compliance. They can only base their diagnoses and recommended course of action on what they observe and hear from the patient in the examination room. When patients are asked to share their own accounts of their health condition and treatment progress, their reports can be limited or incomplete – it’s only human nature. Instead, real-world data should supplement t...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Digital Health Source Type: news
AbstractProperdin is known as the only positive regulator of the complement system. Properdin promotes the activity of this defense system by stabilizing its key enzymatic complexes: the complement alternative pathway (AP) convertases. Besides, some studies have indicated a role for properdin as an initiator of complement activity. Though the AP is a powerful activation route of the complement system, it is also involved in a wide variety of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, many of which affect the kidneys. The role of properdin in regulating complement in health and disease has not received as much appraisal as the m...
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
AbstractMembranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) is a rare chronic kidney disease associated with complement activation. Recent immunofluorescence-based classification distinguishes between immune complex (IC)-mediated MPGN, with glomerular IgG and C3 deposits, and C3 glomerulopathies (C3G), with predominant C3 deposits. Genetic and autoimmune abnormalities causing hyperactivation of the complement alternative pathway have been found as frequently in patients with immune complex-associated MPGN (IC-MPGN) as in those with C3G. In the last decade, there have been great advances in research into the autoimmune causes o...
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
CD8 T cells are infrequently considered part of germinal center reactions. Yet, a distinct CXCR5+ CD8 T cell subset identified within the B cell follicle and germinal center in situations of chronic antigen has recently been defined. CXCR5+ CD8 T cells maintain transcriptional and phenotypic features consistent with the CD8 T cell nomenclature of a non-exhausted, effector memory population. CD8 T cell localization to the B cell follicle suggests a functional profile similar to CD4 T follicular helper cells that are licensed to promote B cell responses. The functional mechanisms defined under different immune settings, whil...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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