Establishment of an Anticetacean Podoplanin Monoclonal Antibody PMab-237 for Immunohistochemical Analysis.
In this study, we immunized mice with wPDPN-overexpressing Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-K1 (CHO/wPDPN) cells, and screened mAbs against wPDPN using flow cytometry. One of the mAbs, PMab-237 (IgG1, kappa), specifically detected CHO/wPDPN cells by flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry. Our findings suggest the potential usefulness of PMab-237 for the functional analyses of wPDPN. PMID: 31161965 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Date: Friday, 12 06, 2019; Speaker: Greg M Delgoffe, Associate Professor, Department of Immunology , University of Pittsburgh; Building: Building 10 (Clinical Center); Lipsett Amphitheater
This study identifies mechanisms mediating responses to immune checkpoint inhibitors using mouse models of triple-negative breast cancer. By creating new mammary tumor models, we find that tumor mutation burden and specific immune cells are associated with response. Further, we developed a rich resource of single-cell RNA-seq and bulk mRNA-seq data of immunotherapy-treated and non-treated tumors from sensitive and resistant murine models. Using this, we uncover that immune checkpoint therapy induces T follicular helper cell activation of B cells to facilitate the anti-tumor response in these models. We also show that B cel...
Publication date: 14 November 2019Source: Cell, Volume 179, Issue 5Author(s): Vincenzo BrontePrimary or secondary resistance to immune checkpoint therapy is often analyzed in primary tumors rather than metastases. In this issue of Cell, Jiao et al. show that the site of metastatic diffusion matters and bones empower a particularly hostile environment.
In this study, we showed that a novel anti-bPDPN mAb, PMab-241 stained only lymphatic endothelial cells, not type I alveolar cells of the lung in immunohistochemical analyses. These findings suggest that PMab-241 could be useful for staining lymphatic endothelial cells specifically in the bear lung tissues. PMID: 31721640 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This study shows that, due to the advantages such as multi-epitope-binding ability, camelid pAbs are potent to efficiently apply for molecular detection of CTLA-4 receptors in fundamental antibody-based researches such as IHC. PMID: 31718460 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This study aimed to improve WCTVs with xenoantigens to end immune tolerance and to further activate the adaptive immune system. In the present study, we designed a WCTV by transducing a vector encoding human FAPα (hFAPα) into murine tumour cells and evaluated its efficacy in multiple solid tumour models. Immunotherapy with this WCTV effectively delayed tumour growth and prevented recurrence. The anti-tumour responses were clearly linked to antigen-specific cytotoxic T cells, whereas CD4(+) T lymphocytes also played a role. Humoural immune responses were activated because the adoptive transfer of immunoglobulins...
This focused issue of PET Clinics covers 2 important and hot topics in oncology: the use of PET imaging in assessing the efficacy of immunotherapy and the use of PET imaging in radiation oncology clinical practice.
Response assessment in malignant lymphoma has progressively evolved in the last 20 years, leading to continuous adaptations to clinical requirements and technology improvements. The latest challenge in treatment evaluation is represented by immunomodulatory drugs, capable of stimulating response to cancer by unleashing the immune system of the host. Despite the consolidated cons ensus on the use of Deauville score and Lugano criteria for the assessment of first-line therapeutic regimens, during other lines of treatment and, particularly, during the course of immunotherapy, response parameters and clinical evidence appear less clear.
The complexity of the immune response and diversity of targets challenges conventional conceptual frameworks used in selecting and monitoring treatment with immune check-point inhibitors. The limitations of anatomic imaging in assessing response have been recognized. Varying patterns of response have been recognized. These patterns have different implications for the continuation and duration of therapy. Evidence supporting the role of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography as a prognostic biomarker and in characterizing response is presented. An added benefit of this approach is the abilit...