The impact of left ventricle ejection fraction on heart failure patients with pulmonary hypertension

Publication date: Available online 5 June 2019Source: Heart &LungAuthor(s): Barak Zafrir, Shemy Carasso, Sorel Goland, Liaz Zilberman, Robert Klempfner, Nir Shlomo, Evgeny Radzishevsky, Tal Hasin, Avraham Shotan, Alicia Vazan, Jean Marc Weinstein, Wadi Kinany, Robert Dragu, Elad Maor, Liza Grosman-Rimon, Offer AmirAbstractBackgroundThe most common cause of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in developed countries is left heart disease (LHD, group 2 PH). The development of PH in heart failure (HF) patients is indicative of worse outcomes.ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to evaluate the long term outcomes of HF patients with PH in a national long-term registry.MethodsStudy included 9 cardiology centers across Israel between 01/2013–01/2015, with a 12-month clinical follow-up and 24-month mortality follow-up. Patients were age ≥18 years old with HF and pre-inclusion PH due to left heart disease determined by echocardiography [estimated systolic pulmonary arterial pressure (SPAP) ≥ 50 mmHg]. Patients were categorized into 3 groups: HF with reduced (HFrEF 
Source: Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS Ministry of Health policies on the amount of patient cost sharing and on the choice of medicines on coverage lists have substantial impacts on overall generic sales volume in retail pharmacies.
Source: Revista de Saude Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of tanshinone IIA (TIIA) on ventricular remodeling in rats with pressure overload-induced heart failure. METHODS: Pressure overload-induced heart failure model (abdominal aortic coarctation) was established in 40 rats, which were divided into model and 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg TIIA groups. Ten rats receiving laparotomy excepting abdominal aortic coarctation were enrolled in sham-operated group. The 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg TIIA groups were treated with 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg TIIA, respectively, for 8 weeks. RESULTS: Compared with model group, in 20 mg/kg TIIA group the left ve...
Source: Acta Cirurgica Brasileira - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Acta Cir Bras Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Pharmacology &TherapeuticsAuthor(s): Vasundhara Kain, Ganesh V. HaladeAbstractAmplified innate leukocytes (neutrophils and monocytes/macrophages) are associated with advanced ischemic and non-ischemic heart failure (HF). Intensified neutrophilic leukocytosis (neutrophilia) and sustained activation of neutrophils is the predominant factor that determines over activated inflammation in acute HF and the outcome of long-term chronic HF. After heart attack, the first wave of innate responsive and short-lived neutrophils is essential for the initiation of inflammation...
Source: Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Sivakkanan Loganathan, Yuxing Guo, Weipeng Jiang, Tamás Radovits, Mihály Ruppert, Alex Ali Sayour, Maik Brune, Paige Brlecic, Phillipp Gude, Adrian-Iustin Georgevici, Benito Yard, Matthias Karck, Sevil Korkmaz-Icöz, Gábor SzabóAbstractThe major source of heart transplantation comes from brain-dead (BD) donors. However, brain death and myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury during transplantation may lead to cardiac dysfunction and hemodynamic instability. A previous work demonstrated that pre-treatm...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionsECMO can be used as a bridge to heart valve or septal defect surgery in severely decompensated patients. Through recovery of end-organ function, ECMO may allow surgical correction of structural heart disease in patients considered inoperable or convert a salvage situation to an elective operation.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: ECMO can be used as a bridge to heart valve or septal defect surgery in severely decompensated patients. Through recovery of end-organ function, ECMO may allow surgical correction of structural heart disease in patients considered inoperable or convert a salvage situation to an elective operation. PMID: 30236527 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research
Time limit: 0 Quiz-summary 0 of 20 questions completed Questions: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Information This test series requires login for attempting. You can login easily with your Facebook account (Use the CONNECT WITH icon on the upper part of right sidebar displaying t...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: General Cardiology Source Type: blogs
Abstract: Although cardiac evaluation before kidney transplantation commonly focuses on coronary artery disease, a comprehensive pretransplant cardiac evaluation must consider other prognostically important cardiac conditions including functional and structural heart disease. Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is increasingly recognized among patients with kidney failure and may be driven by left heart failure, high cardiac output from arteriovenous fistula, hypoxic lung diseases, and metabolic derangements associated with renal disease. In this article, we examine several key concepts and controversies relevant to optimizing the...
Source: Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Original Clinical Science-General Source Type: research
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is an entity with high morbidity and mortality worldwide. COPD mortality for 2020 is predicted at third place, second only to ischemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease (CVD). COPD patients have a higher risk of morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular causes, such as ischemic heart disease, heart failure, peripheral artery disease, diabetes mellitus, depression, thromboembolism, pulmonary hypertension, renal failure, cardiac arrhythmias and obesity.
Source: CVD Prevention and Control - Category: Global & Universal Authors: Tags: Poster Abstract Source Type: research
Please wait while the activity loads. If this activity does not load, try refreshing your browser. Also, this page requires javascript. Please visit using a browser with javascript enabled. If loading fails, click here to try again Click on the 'Start' button to begin the mock test. After answering all questions, click on the 'Get Results' button to display your score and the explanations. There is no time limit for this mock test. Start Congratulations - you have completed DM / DNB Cardiology Entrance Mock Test 23. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rat...
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiology MCQ DM / DNB Cardiology Entrance Featured Source Type: blogs
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