Early Initiation of Diabetes Devices Relates to Improved Glycemic Control in Children with Recent-Onset Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes Technology&Therapeutics, Ahead of Print.
Source: Diabetes Technology - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research

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In this study, we generated a type 1 diabetes (T1D) mouse model by STZ injection to study the effects of T1D on zona pellucida and genomic DNA methylation of oocytes and granulosa cells. T1D mice showed fewer ovulated eggs, reduced ovarian reserve, disrupted estrus cycle, and significantly ruptured zona pellucida in 2-cell in vivo embryos compared to controls. Notably, diabetic oocytes displayed thinner zona pellucida and treatment of oocytes with high concentration glucose reduced the zona pellucida thickness. Differential methylation genes in oocytes and granulosa cells were analyzed by methylation sequencing. These gene...
Source: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Authors: Hylmarova S, Stechova K, Pavlinkova G, Peknicova J, Macek M, Kvapil M Abstract Little is known about type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) impact on the male sexual and reproductive functions. We aim to evaluate the influence of T1DM on male sexual function, quality of sexual life, and sex hormone levels. A total of 57 male patients aged 18 to 50 years (mean = 33) with T1DM (duration mean = 15 years) had a medical examination and completed a set of questionnaires - International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Sexual quality of life questionnaire male (SQoL-M). The prev...
Source: Endocrine Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr J Source Type: research
New J. Chem., 2019, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/C9NJ02460C, PaperSamuel Trevi ño, Enrique Gonzalez-Vergara Diabetes mellitus is a pandemic expected to spread from 422 million patients in 2014 to 592 million patients in 2035. Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) is characterized by both autoimmune... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - New J. Chem. latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
Sensors, Vol. 19, Pages 4538: On the Possibility of Predicting Glycaemia ‘On the Fly’ with Constrained IoT Devices in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Patients. Sensors doi: 10.3390/s19204538 Authors: Rodríguez-Rodríguez Rodríguez Chatzigiannakis Zamora Izquierdo Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (DM1) patients are used to checking their blood glucose levels several times per day through finger sticks and, by subjectively handling this information, to try to predict their future glycaemia in order to choose a proper strategy to keep their glucose levels under control, in terms of insulin d...
Source: Sensors - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
The objective of this work was to investigate the minimum data variety, volume, and velocity required to create accurate person-centric short-term prediction models. We developed a series of these models using different machine learning time series forecasting techniques suitable for execution within a wearable processor. We conducted an extensive passive patient monitoring study in real-world conditions to build an appropriate data set. The study involved a subset of type 1 diabetic subjects wearing a flash glucose monitoring system. We comparatively and quantitatively evaluated the performance of the developed data-drive...
Source: Sensors - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ConclusionT1D prevalence is constantly increasing worldwide, but at slower pace in Africa in comparison to developed countries. Difficulties to access to high standard care and population poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa, represents a major independent factor of poor therapeutic observance.
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: GLP-1 RA therapy represents an important add-on therapy option for achieving decreased insulin doses, weight loss, and modest improvements in HbA1c levels without significantly increasing hypoglycemia risk in patients with T1DM. Patients who have detectable C-peptide and/or are overweight or cannot achieve glycemic goals without hypoglycemia have been found to benefit the most from GLP-1 RA therapy. Further studies are warranted to evaluate these agents' potential impact on clinical outcomes such as microvascular and macrovascular complications. PMID: 31612934 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy : AJHP - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Am J Health Syst Pharm Source Type: research
AbstractPancreas transplantation is considered the curative treatment for severe type 1 diabetes mellitus in selected cases. Since the first procedure in 1966, surgical techniques have been improved. The current trend among most medical centers, as well as at our Institution, is enteric drainage and systemic venous or portal anastomosis. The aim of this pictorial essay is to describe the main imaging features of pancreatic transplantation with duodenoduodenostomy drainage.
Source: Abdominal Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Authors: Manoylov IK, Boneva GV, Doytchinova IA, Mihaylova NM, Tchorbanov AI Abstract Type 1 diabetes mellitus is an autoimmune syndrome defined by the presence of autoreactive T and B cells, which results in destruction of insulin-producing beta cells. Autoantibodies against GAD65 (glutamic acid decarboxylase 65)-a membrane-bound enzyme on pancreatic beta cells, contribute to beta cells' destruction and the loss of pancreatic functions. Mouse FcγRIIb on B lymphocytes possesses an inhibitory effect on the activity of these cells. We hypothesized that it may be possible to suppress GAD65-specific B cells in mi...
Source: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy - Category: Microbiology Tags: Monoclon Antib Immunodiagn Immunother Source Type: research
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by persistent hyperglycemia. Its two most common forms are type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D), for which genetic and environmental risk factors act in synergy. Because it occurs in children and involves infectious, autoimmune or toxic destruction of the insulin-secreting pancreatic beta-cells, type 1 diabetes has been called juvenile or insulin-deficient diabetes. In type 2, patients can still secrete some insulin but its effectiveness may be attenuated by ‘insulin resistance.’ There is also a group of rare forms of diabetes...
Source: Metabolism - Clinical and Experimental - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
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