Metabolic outcomes after bariatric surgery for Indigenous patients in Ontario
In 2013, 18% of Canadian adults had obesity (body mass index (BMI)>30kg/m2), compared to 25.7% of Canada's Indigenous population. Bariatric surgery is an effective treatment for obesity, but has not been studied in Canadian Indigenous populations.
We present the first documented case of candida colitis caused by Candida Glabrata in a 56-year-old man with a personal history of morbid obesity and bariatric surgery. The presenting symptoms were diarrhea, rectal bleeding and septic shock. Diagnosis was obtained by histological and microbiological study of the colonoscopy biopsies. Gastroenterologists should be aware of Candida as a cause of colonic infection. Fungal culture is the key to identify specific Candida species and lead to an appropriate antifungal therapy. PMID: 31317758 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Condition: Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome (OHS) Intervention: Procedure: Bariatric Surgery Sponsor: Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust Recruiting
International Journal of Obesity, Published online: 19 July 2019; doi:10.1038/s41366-019-0420-2Role of ghrelin isoforms in the mitigation of hepatic inflammation, mitochondrial dysfunction, and endoplasmic reticulum stress after bariatric surgery in rats
Condition: Obesity Interventions: Dietary Supplement: isocaloric dietary restriction; Procedure: Bariatric surgery Sponsor: Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine Not yet recruiting
Long-term medical and psychological follow-up post-weight loss surgery (WLS) is associated with improved patient outcomes. Weight regain after WLS is a common concern that has behavioral and psychological components; however, most patients do not attend behavioral medicine (BMED) follow-up appointments post-surgery. Innovative treatment models are needed to improve access to BMED to optimize long-term outcomes.
On August 30, 2017, The Medicare Evidence Development and Coverage Advisory Committee (MEDCAC) convened a public hearing to review the available evidence for the “Health Outcomes After Bariatric Surgical Therapies in the Medicare Population”. The purpose of this hearing was to obtain public comment on the findings of an Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Technology Assessment Program study of evidence for “Short- and Long-Term Outcomes a fter Bariatric Surgery in the Medicare Population”.
This study used prospectively collected data from a state-wide quality collaborative. The presence of AUD was determined using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test for Consumption (AUDIT-C), with a score ≥ 4 in men and ≥ 3 in women suggestive of AUD. We used bivariate Chi-square tests for categorical variables and independent samplest tests for continuous variables. We used multivariable logistic regression to identify patient characteristics that may predispose patients to development of AUD at 1 and 2 years after surgery.ResultsThe overall prevalence of AUD in our population (n&...
AbstractAs nearly one third of transgender individuals in the USA are obese, more transgender patients may pursue bariatric surgery as a means of sustaining weight loss. Transgender individuals, like bariatric surgery patients, have high rates of mood pathology, substance use, abuse, and self-harm behaviors. However, there is no research on transgender bariatric surgery candidates. The aim of this review is to elucidate potential psychosocial risk factors, including sex hormone management, which may impact surgical clearance, presurgical psychosocial assessment, and treatment recommendations.
The aim of the present study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the influence of bariatric surgery on the clinical periodontal conditions in patients with obesity. This review was based on Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses and registered at International Prospective Registry of Systematic Reviews (CRD42018099313). A search was conducted by two investigators in the PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases for relevant articles published up to May 2018.
AbstractBackgroundThe role of exercise to achieve weight reductions in patients awaiting bariatric surgery has been little studied. The aim of this study was to describe the effects of an exercise program on body composition and cardiometabolic risk factors in patients awaiting bariatric surgery.MethodsTwenty-three patients awaiting bariatric surgery were divided into two groups: (a) an exercise group (EG,n = 12) and (b) a control group (CG,n = 11). Both groups received the usual care prior to surgery, but the EG also performed a 12-week exercise program which combined endurance and resistance t...