Malignancies In Giant Cell Arteritis: A Population-Based Cohort Study.

CONCLUSION: In this Swedish population-based cohort of GCA, the overall risk for cancer was not increased compared to the background population. However, there was an increased risk for leukemia and a decreased risk for breast and upper gastrointestinal tract cancer. PMID: 31154410 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: J Rheumatol - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: J Rheumatol Source Type: research

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Authors: He H, Li J, Xu M, Kan Z, Gao Y, Yuan C Abstract Septin 2 (SEPT2) is a tumor-related gene belonging to the SEPT family that affects the cellular processes of hepatoma carcinoma cells, glioblastoma cells and mesangial cells and is highly expressed in breast cancer, biliary tract cancer and acute myeloid leukemia. Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common type of malignancy in humans. In the present study, Oncomine database was used to compare the expression pattern of SEPT2 mRNA between CRC and normal tissues. Additionally, protein expression in 90 pairs of CRC and paracancerous tissues was analyzed b...
Source: Oncology Letters - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research
ConclusionThe new HSV-1 based platform described provides a potent and versatile approach to developing new oncolytic immunotherapies for clinical use. Each of the modifications employed was demonstrated to aid in optimizing the potential of the virus to both directly kill tumors and to lead to systemic therapeutic benefit. For clinical use, these viruses are expected to be most effective in combination with other anti-cancer agents, in particular PD1/L1-targeted immune checkpoint blockade. The first virus from this program (expressing GALV-GP-R− and hGM-CSF) has entered clinical development alone and in combination ...
Source: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Doctors have gotten much better at detecting and treating breast cancer early. Drug and chemotherapy regimens to control tumors have gotten so effective, in fact, that in some cases, surgery is no longer necessary. In up to 30% of cases of early-stage breast cancer treated before surgery, doctors can’t find evidence of cancer cells in postoperative biopsies. The problem, however, is that there is currently no reliable way to tell which cancers have been pushed into remission and which ones have not. That’s where an easy identifier, like a blood test, could transform the way early stage breast cancer is treated....
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized blood tests Breast Cancer Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 6 August 2019Source: Cancer GeneticsAuthor(s): Prasad Koduru, Weina Chen, Barbara Haley, Kevin Ho, Dwight Oliver, Kathleen WilsonAbstractBreast cancer patients treated with adjuvant chemotherapy regimens containing alkylating agents and anthracyclines are at an increased risk for secondary myeloid malignancies, either acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Complex genomic changes (karyotypes and/or gene amplification) accompany the development of the secondary neoplasms. Here we present a unique case of a breast cancer patient who developed secondary AML within 18...
Source: Cancer Genetics - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Tattevin P, Tchamgoué S, Belem A, Bénézit F, Pronier C, Revest M Abstract Aseptic meningitis is defined as meningeal inflammation - i.e. cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pleocytosis≥5 cells/mm3 - not related to an infectious process. Etiologies of aseptic meningitis can be classified in three main groups: (i) systemic diseases with meningeal involvement, which include sarcoidosis, Behçet's disease, Sjögren's syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus and granulomatosis with polyangiitis; (ii) drug-induced aseptic meningitis, mostly reported with non-steroidal an...
Source: Revue Neurologique - Category: Neurology Tags: Rev Neurol (Paris) Source Type: research
AM Abstract Retinoids are derived from vitamin A through a multi-step process. Within a target cell, retinoids regulate gene expression by activating the retinoid acid receptors (RAR) and retinoid x receptors (RXR), which are ligand-dependent transcription factors. Besides its therapeutic use in dermatological disorders, all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) is successfully utilized to treat acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) patients. The use of ATRA in APL patients is the first example of clinically useful differentiation therapy. Therapeutic strategies aiming at cancer cell differentiation have great potential for so...
Source: Mol Biol Cell - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Methods Mol Biol Source Type: research
President Donald Trump on Monday signed legislation that will extend the September 11th Victim Compensation Fund until 2092. During the signing ceremony at the White House, Trump was surrounding by first responders, survivors and family members of several who died in the 2001 terrorist attack on the United States. The U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S Senate voted overwhelmingly last week to approve the legislation that will provide a lifetime of assistance for victims and their families. The extension will allow the fund, first established in 2001, to pay for past and future medical claims of those effected by the...
Source: Asbestos and Mesothelioma News - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: news
l;ven M Abstract Inflammation develops initiation and pathological process of cancer. Nanoscale drug carriers are required to be investigated for delivery of actives at cellular level for treatment of various cancer types. Solid lipid nanoparticles (CLX-SLN), nanostructured lipid carriers (CLX-NLC) and a nanoemulsion (CLX-NE) of celecoxib (CLX), a selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor, were formulated for use in remedy of breast cancer and acute promyelocytic leukemia. The hot high pressure homogenization technique was employed to product formulations. Scanning electron micrographs were utilized for morphological c...
Source: Appl Human Sci - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl Source Type: research
We describe here a case of AML with apparent amplification of RUNX1 by cytogenetics and FISH. A 39-year-old female in remission from stage IIIa breast cancer was diagnosed with therapy-related AML (t-AML). The patient's bone marrow was hypocellular for her age (30-40%) with 25% blasts. Cytogenetic analyses revealed a complex karyotype, characterized by rearrangements in chromosomes 1, 5, 17, 20, an additional unidentified marker chromosome, and apparent amplification of chromosome 21. Fluorescence in situ hybridization detected deletions of CKS1B, EGR1, TP53, and apparent amplification of RUNX1 (6-8 signals). Array compara...
Source: Cancer Genetics - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract Current radiological emergency response recommendations have been provided by the International Commission on Radiological Protection and adopted by the International Atomic Energy Agency in comprehensive Safety Standards. These standards provide dose-based guidance for decision making (e.g., on sheltering or relocation) via generic criteria in terms of effective dose in the range from 20 mSv per year, during transition from emergency to existing exposure situation, to 100 mSv, acute or annual, in the urgent phase of a nuclear accident. The purpose of this paper was to examine how such dose refe...
Source: Radiation and Environmental Biophysics - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: Radiat Environ Biophys Source Type: research
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