Skin Problems Common With Cabozantinib Cancer TherapySkin Problems Common With Cabozantinib Cancer Therapy

Cabozantinib monotherapy leads to skin problems in most patients with metastatic, progressive urothelial carcinoma, according to new research. Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Dermatology Headlines - Category: Dermatology Tags: Hematology-Oncology News Source Type: news

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We present in vitro evidence that HDACi can enhance the radiosensitivity of human thyroid cancer cells.
Source: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
In this study, we compared the long-term side effects of proton radiation to equivalent doses of X-rays in the initiation and progression of premalignant lesions in a lung cancer susceptible mouse model (K-rasLA1). We show proton irradiation causes more complex DNA damage that is not completely repaired resulting in increased oxidative stress in the lungs both acutely and persistently. We further observed K-rasLA1 mice irradiated with protons had an increased number and size of initiated and premalignant lesions and adenomas that were often infiltrated with inflammatory cells. Proton irradiated mice had a lower median surv...
Source: Life Sciences in Space Research - Category: Biology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This approach merging qualitative and quantitative data suggests that mMCC patients report a better experience with avelumab than with chemotherapy. PMID: 30107762 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Comp Eff Res Source Type: research
In this study, we found that CD169+ macrophages depletion inhibited the growth of established Lewis lung carcinoma tumors in mice. Benefits must be weighed against potential adverse effects in cancer therapy. Here, we investigated the adverse effects of CD169+ macrophages depletion on bone and bone marrow in mice bearing Lewis lung carcinoma tumors. Our studies showed that depletion of CD169+ macrophages in LLC tumor-bearing mice disrupted bone homeostasis, including bone weight loss and bone mineral density decrease. Further studies revealed that bone marrow erythropoiesis was severely impaired after depletion of CD169+ m...
Source: Cellular Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Cell Immunol Source Type: research
Cytokine-based cancer therapies have attracted a great deal of attention in recent years. Unfortunately, resistance to treatment limits the efficacy of these therapeutics. Therefore, the aim of our study was t...
Source: Cancer Cell International - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Primary research Source Type: research
Abstract Tumors still remain one of the main causes of mortality due to the lack of effective anti-cancer therapy. Recently it has been shown, that overexpression of inducible cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and decrease of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) expression accompany many malignances, therefore, it has been proposed, that COX-2 inhibitors and PPARγ agonists are potential candidates for anticancer therapy and their synergistic, antineoplastic action has been described. In the present study a COX-2 inhibitor (celecoxib) and/or PPARγ agonist (Fmoc-l-Leucine) were conjuga...
Source: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Eur J Pharm Sci Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our results suggest that miR-125b-1-3p exerts antitumor functions in NSCLC cells by targeting S1PR1. PMID: 30082521 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: HPV-positive HNSCC cells are unresponsive to TGFβ. Abrogated TGFβ signaling compromises homologous recombination and shifts reliance on alt-EJ repair that provides a mechanistic basis for sensitivity to PARP inhibitors. The effect of HPV in HNSCC provides critical validation of TGFβ's role in DNA repair proficiency and further raises the translational potential of TGFβ inhibitors in cancer therapy. PMID: 30087144 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Cancer Res Source Type: research
Abstract BMI-1 (B-lymphoma Mo-MLV insertion region 1) is a key protein partner in polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1) that helps in maintaining the integrity of the complex. It is also a key player in ubiquitination of histone H2A which affects gene expression pattern involved in various cellular processes such as cell proliferation, growth, DNA repair, apoptosis and senescence. In many cancers, Overexpression of BMI1correlates with advanced stages of disease, aggressive clinicopathological behavior, poor prognosis resistance to radiation and chemotherapy. BMI1 is emerging as a key player in EMT, chemo-resistance...
Source: Gene - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Gene Source Type: research
Hepatocellular carcinoma (liver cancer) is fast growing, has poor survival rates, and has inefficient current treatments. Can they be improved?
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Cancer / Oncology Source Type: news
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