Endangered Zoonotic Fungal Species from Chicken (Gallus gallus domestics).

Endangered Zoonotic Fungal Species from Chicken (Gallus gallus domestics). Med Mycol J. 2019;60(2):45-49 Authors: Yamaguchi S Abstract Lophophyton gallinae (Microsporum gallinae) is a zoophilic fungus that causes ringworm in chickens and related species, and occasionally in humans. There are 45 human cases worldwide including a Japanese case from Okinawa in 2009. After the finding of the human L. gallinae case, 793 chickens in Japan, including 293 from the mainland and 500 from the Nansei Island areas, were investigated to determine the prevalence of dermatophytes and their related fungal species. The survey was carried out from December 2008 to March 2013. Various dermatophytes and related fungal species were isolated from the studied chickens, with a prevalence of 24.6%. In total, 224 dermatophytes and related species were isolated in the survey. The most commonly isolated species included, in descending order of frequency, Arthroderma multifidum, Aphanoascus terreus, and Chrysosporium spp. Ar. multifidum and Ap. terreus have no record of pathogenicity, and the present isolates of Chrysosporium spp. were not matched to pathogenic Chrysosporium spp. based on the ITS rDNA sequences. Interestingly, an L. gallinae isolate was detected in a male 10-month-old shamo (fighting cock) from the main island. Furthermore, one strain of Arthroderma simii was also isolated as the second record in Japan following that from an imported chimpanzee. Although L. gallinae a...
Source: Medical Mycology Journal - Category: Biology Tags: Med Mycol J Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 17 July 2019Source: Advances in Space ResearchAuthor(s): Jagdev Singh, B Raghavendra Prasad, Suresh Venkata, Amit KumarAbstractIt is very important to make the spectrographic observations of the outer emission corona in number of emission lines simultaneously in view of the results of the observations made in [Fe x] 6374 Å, [Fe xi] 7892 Å, [Fe xiv] 5303 Åand [Fe xiii] 10747 Åcoronal emission lines with the 25 cm coronagraph at Norikura Observatory in Japan. At ground based observatories, availability of number of hours of clear sky for coronagraphic observations is...
Source: Advances in Space Research - Category: Science Source Type: research
Overfishing, hunting and land development have pushed more species closer to extinction, according to a new report. The Red List report by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) found that 27% of the more than 105,000 species the organization has analyzed are at risk of extinction, a total of 28,338 different species. IUCN also found that no species on its list have shown any sign of improvement since it was last updated in December 2018. “Things are not getting better, they are getting worse,” Craig Hilton-Taylor, head of the IUCN Red List unit, tells TIME. The Red List places the 105,732 s...
Source: TIME: Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Environment onetime World Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS Our findings reinforce the idea that MSSA and MRSA strains should be carefully monitored, owing to their high pathogenic potential.
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The SNAP® and the DPP® tests were virtually equivalent in terms of detection of canine antibodies against L. infantum, and both the tests demonstrated high and similar levels of sensitivi ty and specificity.
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research
We present the case of a premature newborn whose mother had a rash during pregnancy; the newborn had severe early sepsis because of Listeria monocytogenes and histopathologically suggestive findings of the placenta. Obstetricians and neonatologists should suspect listeriosis in cases with compatible epidemiological history, clinical features, and examination findings of the placenta.
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research
Half a century after humankind first walked on the moon, our sole natural satellite is becoming a much busier place. NASA wants to make a return trip, as do private American space companies like Elon Musk’s SpaceX. China has a rover exploring the far side of the moon, while countries from Israel to Russia are planning lunar missions of their own. All that traffic has some experts worried about what might happen to the moon’s most historic sites. In part because the moon has no weather to speak of, artifacts left there tend to be well-preserved. If you visited the moon today, you could find everything from the t...
Source: TIME: Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Uncategorized apollo1150 onetime Space Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 18 July 2019Source: The Crop JournalAuthor(s): Toshiyuki Takai, Patrick Lumanglas, Eliza Vie Simon, Arai-Sanoh Yumiko, Hidetoshi Asai, Nobuya KobayashiAbstractIncreasing rice yield potential is a continuous challenge posed by world population growth. To increase yield potential, favorable alleles of valuable genes need to be accumulated in promising germplasm. We conducted comparative yield trials for two years in Tsukuba, Japan, in a temperate region and at the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), Philippines, in a tropical region using five high-yielding rice cultivars: Takanar...
Source: The Crop Journal - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
America ’s strong economic growth and high living standards were built on our relatively smaller government. U.S. per capita income is higher than nearly all major countries and our government spending is still somewhat less.However, America ’s lower-spending advantage has diminished. TheOECD publishes data on total federal-state-local government spending as a percentage of GDP for its member countries. The chart shows spending for the United States and for the simple average of 30 OECD countries which have data back to 1995. These are high-income countries such as Canada, Germany, and Japan.The chart shows tha...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
This study aimed to investigate the discontinuation rate of anticoagulants and long-term incidence of strokes after PVI.We enrolled 512 consecutive Japanese patients with AF (mean age, 63.4 ± 10.4 years; 123 women; 234 with non-paroxysmal AF; CHADS2 score/CHA2DS2-VASC score, 1.32 ± 1.12/2.21 ± 1.54) who underwent PVI between 2012 and 2015. During a 28.0 ± 17.1 -month follow-up, anticoagulants were terminated in 230 (44.9%) of the 512 patients, AF recurred in 200 (39.1%), and 10 (1.95%) suffered from a stroke. Death occurred in 5 (0.98%) patients. Although the incidence of strokes, by a Kaplan-Me...
Source: International Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Heart J Source Type: research
Humans started to work in earnest to get to the moon in the 1950s, when the U.S. and U.S.S.R. initiated a bracing Cold War space race. The Soviets drew first blood in 1959: in that one year, Luna 1 became the first spacecraft to reach the moon. Luna 2 was the first to reach the lunar surface, and Luna 3 sent back the first images of the dark side of the moon. In 1966, Roscosmos—the U.S.S.R.’s space agency—made the first soft touchdown on the moon (every other mission to reach the lunar surface to that point had ended with a violent impact). But in the late 1960s, NASA blew past Roscosmos with the Apollo p...
Source: TIME: Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Uncategorized apollo1150 Space Source Type: news
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