Lipid emulsions for parenterally fed preterm infants.
CONCLUSIONS: In the current review, we did not find any particular LE with or without fish oil to be better than another LE in preterm infants for prevention of PNALD/cholestasis, growth, mortality, ROP, BPD and other neonatal outcomes.In preterm infants with surgical conditions or cholestasis, there is currently insufficient evidence from randomised studies to determine with any certainty if fish oil LEs offer advantage in prevention or resolution of cholestasis or in any other clinical outcome.Further research, with larger well-designed trials, is warranted to evaluate the ideal composition of LE in preterm infants and the role of fish oil-containing and other LEs in the prevention and resolution of PNALD, ROP and other clinical outcomes. PMID: 31158919 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Publication date: Available online 31 March 2020Source: Food Quality and PreferenceAuthor(s): Andrijana Mušura Gabor, Bojan Stojnić, David Ban-Ostić
Mice fed a diet rich in saturated fat showed dramatic changes in liver gene expression, which may explain how diet affects that organ. (read more)
This study consists of a case series describing 13 single pregnancies of 11 women with a history of anorexia nervosa, and a cross-sectional study comparing 13 cases with 240 healthy controls. In the case group, nine cases conceived while underweight, including three who had fertility treatment. Anorexia symptoms during pregnancy were quite common, and pregnant smokers presented with extremely disturbed eating behaviors. In a cross-sectional study, premature birth and the standard deviations from the mean birth weight and mean head circumference at birth were evaluated as outcome measures. The adjusted odds ratios or the ad...
Publication date: May 2020Source: Journal of Functional Foods, Volume 68Author(s): Lorenzo Zanella, Fabio Vianello
Publication date: March 2020Source: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines, Volume 18, Issue 3Author(s): Dong-Shun LI, Quan-Fei HUANG, Li-Huan GUAN, Hui-Zhen ZHANG, Xi LI, Kai-Li FU, Yi-Xin CHEN, Jian-Bo WAN, Min HUANG, Hui-Chang BI
Publication date: March 2020Source: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines, Volume 18, Issue 3Author(s): Jia-Zhen ZHU, Hong-Wei YI, Wei HUANG, Tao PANG, Hui-Ping ZHOU, Xu-Dong WU
Authors: Dunne-Castagna VP, Mills DA, Lönnerdal B Abstract Secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA) is intimately involved in the transfer of maternal immunity to the newborn breastfed infant. Recent research demonstrates the significance of SIgA in the initial development of the newborn's microbiota and in the establishment of a tolerogenic immunologic disposition towards nonpathogenic organisms and environmental antigens. SIgA has long been known to prevent pathogen binding to the host epithelium through immune exclusion involving numerous mechanisms. This process primarily involves T-cell-dependent, somatically hy...
Authors: Kamimura MA, Nerbass FB PMID: 32227070 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
It is well known that the gut microbiome is influential on long-term health, and undergoes detrimental changes with advancing age. Beneficial species decline, while inflammatory and otherwise unhelpful species prosper. The reasons for these changes are not well understood, but probably involve a combination of many factors, such as diet, immune dysfunction, and so forth. There is a growing interest in the research community in assessing the contribution of gut microbiome changes to degenerative aging, and finding ways to reverse those changes. The study noted here is less interesting for the presented data, and more...
By now, you’ve probably heard this warning about the new coronavirus pandemic: those who are older and have a chronic medical condition are at increased risk for severe disease and death. If you fall into this category, here’s important information about the coronavirus outbreak tailored to you. If you look at the data, older adults and those with chronic health problems who get COVID-19 are more likely to require hospitalization and admission to an intensive care unit. And so far in the US, 80% of the deaths from the new coronavirus virus have occurred in people who were older. But this raises a number of ques...
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