Study: Lungs From Heavy Smokers OK for Transplant
But recipients need to know the source of the potential transplant, researchers say
In conclusion, this is the first report to show that pyroptotic cell death occurs in the aging brain and that the inflammasome can be a viable target to decrease the oxidative stress that occurs as a result of aging. Reducing Levels of Protein Manufacture Slows Measures of Aging in Nematodes https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2018/12/reducing-levels-of-protein-manufacture-slows-measures-of-aging-in-nematodes/ Researchers here demonstrate that an antibiotic slows aging in nematode worms, providing evidence for it to work through a reduction in protein synthesis. Beyond a slowing of aging, one of the con...
Heart transplantation is the definitive treatment for end-stage heart failure. A shortage of donor hearts forced transplant programs to accept older donors and longer ischemic times. Previous studies have suggested that the administration of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) or their conditioned medium (CM) protects the heart against ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). We hypothesized that the preservation of donor hearts with a CM would protect the graft from IRI after prolonged storage in 15-month-old rats and investigated mRNA-changes attributable to CM.
Chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD) affects over 50% of lung transplant recipients (LTR) by five years and remains the primary reason for graft failure 1. It has been increasingly recognized that CLAD is a heterogeneous diagnosis with variable prognosis and different phenotypes: bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) and restrictive allograft syndrome (RAS). Precise diagnosis of CLAD remains difficult: There are no clinically-validated biomarkers, and diagnosis can be subjective, hinging on the correct interpretation of pulmonary function tests (PFTs) coupled with exclusion of clinical confounders.
The added value of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in the follow-up of patients with stable pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) remains undefined.
Chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD) is a major cause of post-lung transplant mortality with limited medical treatment options. We assessed the association of montelukast treatment with pulmonary function and outcome in lung transplant recipients with progressive CLAD.
Right ventricular failure (RVF) is still associated with an increased mortality in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) or congenital heart disease. Transition from right ventricular dysfunction to RVF is not predictable and has not been well understood so far. Several studies in rodents and in piglets showed that impairment of capillary density (CD) in the right ventricle (RV) is associated with right ventricular failure (1, 2). Some evidence suggested that the RV of patients with Eisenmenger Syndrome (ES) has remarkable adaptive capacities to high pulmonary pressures (3), leading to a longer survival in these patien...
Journal of Cardiac Surgery, EarlyView.
The outcome of second solid cancers following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is strongly related to cancer type, with pancreatic and lung cancer being among those with the poorest outcome, according to European researchers.Reuters Health Information
Authors: Mortaz E, Amani S, Mumby S, Adcock IM, Movassaghi M, Folkerts J, Garssen J, Folkerts G Abstract The multifunctional role of mast cells (MCs) in the immune system is complex and has not fully been explored. MCs reside in tissues and mucous membranes such as the lung, digestive tract, and skin which are strategically located at interfaces with the external environment. These cells, therefore, will encounter external stimuli and pathogens. MCs modulate both the innate and the adaptive immune response in inflammatory disorders including transplantation. MCs can have pro- and anti-inflammatory functions, thereb...
Conclusion: Our findings indicate that GAPLINC promotes NSCLC tumorigenesis by regulating miR-661/eEF2K cascade and provide new insights for the pathogenesis underlying NSCLC and potential targets for therapeutic strategy.Cell Physiol Biochem 2018;51:2136 –2147