A study on the use of FDG180 via PET-CT for assessing bowel inflammation.

Conclusions: These results support the assertion that FDG180 PET/CT is an effective imaging modality with respect to the detection and quantification of age related increase in bowel inflammation. This suggests the possibility of using PET/CT in the diagnosis of inflammatory conditions such as Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis that affect over 3 million Americans[3]. Future studies are needed to investigate the link between inflammation caused by IBD and FDG uptake seen in PET/CT. Once established, this correlation could be used to diagnose IBD reducing the need for the more poorly tolerated tests currently used to visualize disease activity while maintaining specificity. [1] https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2996147/ (accessed on 12/28/18) [2] Love C, Tomas M, Tronco G, Palestro C. FDG PET of Infection and Inflammation. RSNA 2005;25(5) https://pubs.rsna.org/doi/full/10.1148/rg.255045122 (accessed on 12/28/18) [3] https://www.cdc.gov/ibd/data-statistics.htm (accessed on 12/28/18)
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: General Clinical Specialities: Gastroenterology Source Type: research

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Authors: Malham M, Lilje B, Houen G, Winther K, Andersen PS, Jakobsen C Abstract Objectives: A microbiotic profile characterized by decreased abundance and richness has been described in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Recently, sequencing the microbiome to the species level has become possible, which can improve our understanding of the gut to host interaction in IBD. We aimed to describe the microbiotic profile in paediatric IBD and compare it to disease phenotype and disease course. Methods: Faecal samples were collected from a cross-sectional cohort. The microbiome analysis was performed using 16S and 18S rRN...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Conclusion: In this large population-based cohort study, birth weight and childhood growth did not influence risk of IBD, which contrasts with observations in other chronic diseases. Thereby, the study also suggests that pre-clinical effects of adult IBD are not measurable in childhood and that childhood risk factors for IBD do not influence growth. PMID: 31294613 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Conclusion: While potentially harmful levels of radiation exposure are of concern in only a small number of patients, strategies to limit such exposure are encouraged when clinically appropriate. PMID: 31281802 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
Conclusions: IBD causes a significant burden to the Finnish healthcare system. This study provides a detailed characterization of the cost landscape of IBD and contributes to optimizing treatment strategies and healthcare resource use in the biosimilar era. PMID: 31203693 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Authors: Coenen S, Weyts E, Geens P, Vermeire S, Ferrante M, Vanhaecht K, Van Assche G Abstract OBJECTIVES: Patient reported outcomes are widely used in today's clinical practice. The Short Health Scale has been proven to be an easy-to-use and reliable measure to evaluate quality of life in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. We aimed to validate this Short Health Scale in Dutch speaking patients. METHODS: A total of 157 Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis patients (46% male, median age 39 years) completed the Short Health Scale on a tablet during the outpatient clinic. Validity was assessed by co...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
In conclusion, the results improve our understanding on the characteristics of lncRNAs and mRNAs on regulating host immune response against C. perfringens type C infection, which will provide a reference for future research into exploring C. perfringens-related diseases in human. Introduction Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens) is a Gram-positive anaerobic rod and ranks as the second most common bacteria that causes fulminant, fatal infectious and immune diseases (Scharff, 2012; Grass et al., 2013). These diseases are characterized by fever, pain, gas production, local edema, and severe tissue destruction, the...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Crohn’s Disease in Clinical Remission Is Marked by Systemic Oxidative Stress Arno R. Bourgonje1, Julius Z. H. von Martels1, Marian L. C. Bulthuis2, Marco van Londen3, Klaas Nico Faber1, Gerard Dijkstra1† and Harry van Goor2*† 1Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands 2Department of Pathology and Medical Biology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands 3Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Gro...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
This study has revealed the intestinal and hepatopancreas mycobiota of L. vannamei and the effects of diseases and seasonal variation to the mycobiota. Our study provides important guidance for Pacific white shrimp farming and sheds further insight on the fungal microbiota. Introduction The digestive system hosts a large number of microorganisms dominated by bacteria, which constitute an enormous microbial ecosystem called the microbiota (O’Hara and Shanahan, 2006; Clemente et al., 2012). The microbiota has multiple functions, such as the maintenance of the functional stability and metabolic balance in the di...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Geng-Hong Xia1†, Chao You1,2†, Xu-Xuan Gao1, Xiu-Li Zeng1, Jia-Jia Zhu1, Kai-Yu Xu3, Chu-Hong Tan1, Ruo-Ting Xu1, Qi-Heng Wu1, Hong-Wei Zhou3, Yan He4*‡ and Jia Yin1*‡ 1Department of Neurology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China 2Department of Neurology, The First People's Hospital of Zunyi, Zunyi, China 3State Key Laboratory of Organ Failure Research, Division of Laboratory Medicine, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China 4Microbiome Medicine Center, Division of Laboratory Medicine, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical Univ...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study showed a good safety and tolerability profile of the studied substance (Monteleone et al., 2012). Since TGFβ has been described to induce the profibrogenetic response of fibroblasts, patients were monitored for 6 months with intestinal ultrasonography, not showing signs of intestinal stenosis. Moreover, half of the patients maintained remission during the 6 months follow up period (Zorzi et al., 2012). Afterwards, a randomized, double-blind, phase 2 study was conducted in CD patients with inflammatory lesions in the terminal ileum and/or right colon, with steroid-dependence/resistance, randomized to three ...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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