Quantification of the dependencies of the Bragg peak degradation due to lung tissue in proton therapy on a CT-based lung tumor phantom.

Quantification of the dependencies of the Bragg peak degradation due to lung tissue in proton therapy on a CT-based lung tumor phantom. Phys Med Biol. 2019 May 31;: Authors: Flatten V, Baumann KS, Weber U, Engenhart-Cabillic R, Zink K Abstract The fine, sub-millimeter sized structure of lung tissue causes a degradation of the Bragg peak curve in particle therapy. The Bragg peak is degraded because particles of the same energy traverse lung tissue of different compositions of high and low density materials. Hence, they experience different energy losses resulting in variable ranges and a broadened Bragg peak. 
 Since this fine structure of lung tissue is not resolved in standard treatment-planning CTs, current state-of-the-art dose calculation procedures used in the clinical routine are unable to account for this degradation. Neglecting this Bragg peak degradation in treatment planning can lead to an underdose in the target volume and an overdose distal to the target.
 Aim of this work is to systematically investigate the potential effects of the Bragg peak degradation on the dose distribution in dependence of different parameters like the tumor volume and its depth in lung. 
 Proton plans were optimized on CT based phantoms without considering the Bragg peak degradation and afterwards recalculated with the Monte Carlo toolkit TOPAS: first, without consideration of the degradation and second, with the Bragg peak degradation account...
Source: Physics in Medicine and Biology - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: Phys Med Biol Source Type: research

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