Staff Training in Intellectual and Developmental Disability Settings: a Scoping Review

AbstractFrontline staff are a valuable asset within an intellectual and developmental disability service. Their work dictates the overall standard of care delivered by the organization. However, there is evidence that the research relating to effective practice is having little impact on the competencies displayed by staff in the real-world setting. Therefore, a scoping review of published literature was conducted to investigate potential explanations for the inadequate dissemination of evidence-based practice in this sector. Systematic searches of relevant databases identified 156 papers for inclusion in the review. Practices in which staff were trained were categorized as either behavioral interventions or “other” interventions. The behavioral category was sub-divided into: a) assessment; b) antecedent; c) consequence and, d) “mixed” practices. Although the studies reviewed provided staff training across a range of practices, many empirically supported interventions were not utilized. Despite rigorous scientific support for strategies such as functional communication training and noncontingent reinforcement, the literature did not robustly evaluate effective protocols to disseminate these practices to frontline staff. The review also highlighted a continued reliance on individualized tra ining packages, rather than the implementation of empirically supported training models. Finally, results showed that a relatively small number of included studies e...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research

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Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities,Volume 57, Issue 6, Page 485-498, December 2019.
Source: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Authors: Source Type: research
Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities,Volume 57, Issue 6, Page 499-511, December 2019.
Source: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Authors: Source Type: research
Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities,Volume 57, Issue 6, Page 512-526, December 2019.
Source: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Authors: Source Type: research
Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities,Volume 57, Issue 6, Page 527-544, December 2019.
Source: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Authors: Source Type: research
Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities,Volume 57, Issue 6, Page 545-548, December 2019.
Source: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Authors: Source Type: research
Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities,Volume 57, Issue 6, Page 549-550, December 2019.
Source: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities,Volume 57, Issue 6, Page 551-552, December 2019.
Source: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
Authors: Young AS, Cohen AN, Niv N, Nowlin-Finch N, Oberman RS, Olmos-Ochoa TT, Goldberg RW, Whelan F Abstract OBJECTIVE: Mobile technologies, such as smartphones, can improve health services by delivering assessments and interventions that reach people in their daily lives. There is, however, disagreement regarding whether people with serious mental illness make meaningful use of mobile technology and whether interventions that rely on mobile technology should be tailored for this population. METHODS: At two clinics, 249 people with serious mental illness were interviewed regarding mobile phone use, and their ...
Source: Psychiatric Services - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Serv Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 November 2019Source: Journal of Health EconomicsAuthor(s): Stephanie RennaneAbstractWhile the main insurance sources for individuals with disability are understood, less is known about how family support interacts with federal disability benefits. Using the Health and Retirement Study matched to administrative records, I examine how disability benefits affect family support by comparing accepted and rejected disability applicants before and after benefit receipt. Receipt of disability insurance increases the probability of receiving any assistance from children by 18 percent and more t...
Source: Journal of Health Economics - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
As a pediatrician, it is likely that at some point a patient's family, a friend, or a family member has asked you about a premature baby, and how that baby “will do.” They are likely interested in knowing more about their cognitive function and their neurodevelopmental outcomes. What can we expect, and what have we learned about affects these outcomes? These are difficult questions to answer, and we search for predictors that allow us to answer the se questions. In this volume of The Journal, Bourke et al present data from a large Western Australian registry covering ∼720 000 live births between 1983-2010 t...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research
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