Relations between Coping Skills, Symptom Severity, Psychological Symptoms, and Quality of Life in Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Conclusions:However, IBS patients involved in this study utilized adaptive coping strategies more frequently. Our study showed that use of maladaptive coping strategies had positive correlation with symptom severity and degree of anxiety and depression among patients, while implementation of optimistic strategies were found to be negatively correlated to severity of symptoms and also utilization of adaptive coping styles was associated with lesser degree of anxiety and depression.Keywords:Anxiety, coping skills, depression, irritable bowel syndrome, psychological stress, quality of life
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Related Links:

Conclusions: EA treatment can decrease the expression of hypothalamic CRF and CRF-R1, relieve anxiety and depression, meanwhile reduce the expression of CRF-R1 in the gastrointestinal mucosa, increase ZO-1 expression, and adjust tight junctions (TJs) to repair the intestinal mucosal barrier. The above roles suggest that EA may play a dual role in alleviating the gastrointestinal and psychological symptoms of IBS, suggesting a potentially dual therapeutic role for EA in regulating disorders of gut-brain interaction in IBS rats. PMID: 31737064 [PubMed]
Source: Gastroenterology Research and Practice - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Gastroenterol Res Pract Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: There is currently not enough evidence to assess whether biofeedback interventions are effective for controlling symptoms of IBS. Given the positive results reported in small trials to date, biofeedback deserves further study in people with IBS. Future research should include active control groups that use high provider-participant interaction, in an attempt to balance non-specific effects of interventions between groups, and report both commonly used outcome measures (e.g. IBS-SSS) and historical outcome measures (e.g. the composite primary symptom reduction (CPSR) score) to allow for meta-analysis with previ...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 November 2019Source: Clinica Chimica ActaAuthor(s): Kamyar Khoshnevisan, Elham Honarvarfard, Farzad Torabi, Hassan Maleki, Hadi Baharifar, Farnoush Faridbod, Bagher Larijani, Mohammad Reza KhorramizadehAbstractSerotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is an important neurotransmitter which plays a significant role in various functions in the body, such as appetite, emotions, and autonomic functions. It is well known that biomarker 5-HT levels can be correlated to several diseases and disorders such as depression, anxiety, irritable bowel, and sleep trouble. Among various methods for detecti...
Source: Clinica Chimica Acta - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
Abstract Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is an important neurotransmitter which plays a significant role in various functions in the body, such as appetite, emotions, and autonomic functions. It is well known that biomarker 5-HT levels can be correlated to several diseases and disorders such as depression, anxiety, irritable bowel, and sleep trouble. Among various methods for detecting the 5-HT biomarker, electrochemical techniques have attracted great interest due to their low cost and ease of operation. However, sensitive and precise electrochemical detection of 5-HT levels is not possible using bare elect...
Source: International Journal of Clinical Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Clin Chim Acta Source Type: research
Objective To determine the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders, the demographic and clinical characteristics associated with the presence of functional gastrointestinal disorders, and the effects of these disorders with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a large, diverse population of persons with MS. Methods In 2014, we surveyed participants in the North American Research Committee on Multiple Sclerosis registry regarding functional gastrointestinal disorders using the Rome III questionnaire. Participants also reported their sociodemographic characteristics, disability status using Patient Determin...
Source: Neurology Clinical Practice - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Gastrointestinal, Multiple sclerosis, All epidemiology Research Source Type: research
Conclusions: We found that patients with CUD have 40.7% higher odds for IBS-hospitalizations with a rising trend of CUD and related psychiatric comorbidities which may further worsen IBS and health quality of life. With limited evidence of efficacy and safety of cannabis in IBS, larger, randomized controlled studies are required to examine its therapeutic efficacy. PMID: 31573379 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
Conclusions: Among IBS patients, the presence of comorbid Generalized Anxiety Disorder and/or Major Depressive Disorder is associated with lower socioeconomic status and lower average per capita income. These findings speak to a biopsychosocial model of illness, which should be considered by clinicians in the care of IBS patients. PMID: 31530048 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn Japan, among the population of under 70  years old, the prevalence of IBS-C and FC (Rome III criteria) was 4.97% and 8.76%, respectively. IBS-C caused more severe symptoms than FC, resulting in impairment of QOL.
Source: Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Pain makes us human. It is a bell, fine-tuned by evolution, that often rings in moments necessary for our survival. Because of pain, we can receive warnings that trigger the reflexes to escape potential danger. But what happens when that bell continues to ring? How do we respond to a signal when it interferes with the other elements that make us human? Pain that lasts longer than six months is considered chronic, and it may not go away. With chronic pain, the bell’s ongoing signal gets your nervous system wound up and increases its reactivity to incoming messages. This can be quite distressing and anxiety-provoking. ...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Back Pain Mind body medicine Pain Management Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 13 August 2019Source: Journal of Psychiatric ResearchAuthor(s): Jasmine Turna, Keren Grosman Kaplan, Beth Patterson, Premysl Bercik, Rebecca Anglin, Noam Soreni, Michael Van AmeringenAbstractBackgroundAnxiety and mood symptoms often co-occur with gastrointestinal problems, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The extent to which these relate to Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is unclear, despite anxiety being a prominent symptom of this disorder. The purpose of this analysis was to examine gastrointestinal symptoms in unmedicated, non-depressed adult OCD patients compared to age- a...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
More News: Anxiety | Depression | Gastroenterology | International Medicine & Public Health | Irritable Bowel Syndrome | Psychology | Study