How Sensitive are Dipstick Urinalysis and Microscopy in Making Diagnosis of Urinary Tract Infection in Children?

Conclusions:Dipstick urinalysis may not be reliable in ruling out UTI in children. However, considering both positive dipstick and pyuria will be more useful inmaking the diagnosis.Keywords:Mass screening, microscopy, pyuria, urinalysis, urinary tract infections
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

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Authors: Roy P, S R, MittalMittal R, Mehta S Abstract Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) in children is often treated with antimicrobials for prolonged durations, which often leads to antimicrobial resistance. In this context, this review article discusses the use of endoscopic injection in VUR as a safe and efficacious option for these children. The literature pertaining to VUR- its clinical manifestation and management, antibiotic resistance- with special reference to management of VUR, and endoscopic dextranomer/hyaluronic acid gel injection for management of VUR was reviewed by identifying key words in a PubMed search...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Conclusion: In animal models, EIT has the capability to detect reflux in the kidneys with high accuracy. The results show promise for EIT to be used for screening of VUR in children. Significance: VUR is the most common congenital urinary tract abnormality in children. The condition predisposes children to urinary tract infections and kidney damage. The current gold standard diagnostic test, a voiding cystourethrogram, is invasive and uses ionizing radiation; therefore, there is a need for new tools for identifying VUR in children. This study presents a noninvasive method to detect VUR in animal models, illustrating the po...
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
This study sought to identify complications in rTKA that were independently associated with NIDDM/IDDM compared to non-diabetic (Non-DM) patients and whether IDDM was associated with specific postoperative complications compared to NIDDM.Methods and materials16,428 rTKA patients were identified from the ACS-NSQIP database from 2005 to 2016 and stratified into three separate cohorts. 12,922 (78.66%) were Non-DM, 2335 (14.21%) had NIDDM, and 1171 (7.13%) had IDDM. Univariate analyses were utilized to assess for differences in demographics, preoperative comorbidities, and postoperative complication rates. Multivariate logisti...
Source: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
ConclusionsCAUTI underreporting is a major concern; validations provide transparency, education, and relationship building to improve reporting accuracy.
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
DiscussionEducation did not convey differential survival advantages to individuals with higher genetic risk of AD, but may reduce hospitalization risk associated with AD genetic risk.
Source: Alzheimer's and Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
This study protocol will provide the research data of efficacy and safety of SJT for the treatment of acute uncomplicated lower UTI. The first aim is to determine whether Sanjin tablets can reduce the use of antibiotics; the second aim is to determine whether Sanjin tablets can substitute the use of antibiotics. The recurrence rate will be assessed after cured to determine whether SJT can reduce the recurrence rate. The results of this study will improve the rational use of drugs, especially the rational application of antibiotics. It will also enable safety evaluation from laboratory indices and adverse events, which will...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Publication date: Available online 17 July 2019Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and LeukemiaAuthor(s): Fernando Cabanillas, Noridza Rivera, Mirelis Acosta, Wandaly Pardo, Pedro Solivan, Caroline Rivera, Idalia LiboyAbstractBackgroundOur objective was to evaluate the impact of lenalidomide in patients with aggressive lymphoma who attained
Source: Clinical Lymphoma Myeloma and Leukemia - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractLiterature for the treatment of hospitalized patients with community-acquired urinary tract infections (UTI) is limited. Previous outpatient studies do not support the use of oral beta-lactams compared with oral fluoroquinolones (FQ) due to poor clinical cure rates. However, recent studies evaluating intravenous (IV) beta-lactams in more complicated cases demonstrate promising cure rates. In addition, the use of more narrow-spectrum beta-lactams may be preferable when possible, due to a lower incidence of “collateral damage” compared with FQ. This was a retrospective, non-inferiority, single-center, coh...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
THURSDAY, July 18, 2019 -- The antibacterial drug product Recarbrio (imipenem, cilastatin, and relebactam) has been approved to treat complicated urinary tract infections (cUTI) and complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAI) in adults, the U.S....
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
ConclusionOf all the risk factors we studied, hematoma had the strongest association with development of incisional surgical site infection. Of all women birthing by cesarean section in Ireland during 2005–2016, 25% had at least one of the risk factors identified by our study. Approximately 40% of the incisional surgical site infection cases came from this 25%. This might suggest that a universal approach to reducing risk of surgical site infection is warranted.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
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