How Sensitive are Dipstick Urinalysis and Microscopy in Making Diagnosis of Urinary Tract Infection in Children?

Conclusions:Dipstick urinalysis may not be reliable in ruling out UTI in children. However, considering both positive dipstick and pyuria will be more useful inmaking the diagnosis.Keywords:Mass screening, microscopy, pyuria, urinalysis, urinary tract infections
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

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Authors: Gil JA, Goodman AD, Kleiner J, Walsh DF, Kosinski LR, Hsu R Abstract INTRODUCTION: The incidence of geriatric ankle fractures is rising. With the substantial variation in the physiologic and functional status within this age group, our null hypothesis was that mortality and complications of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) between patients who are aged 65 to 79 are equivalent to ORIF in patients who are aged 80 to 89. METHODS: Patients with ankle fracture were identified using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification diagnosis codes. Patients treate...
Source: The Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Am Acad Orthop Surg Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2020Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, Volume 45Author(s): Vivien Li, Noreen Barker, Carmel Curtis, Bernadette Porter, Jalesh N Panicker, Jeremy Chataway, Mahreen Pakzad
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 4 August 2020Source: American Journal of Infection ControlAuthor(s): Linhu Liu, Zhongyu Jian, Hong Li, Kunjie Wang
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Background: Our objectives were to determine the prevalence of and to identify risk factors for coexisting bacterial meningitis (BM) in neonates with urinary tract infection (UTI). Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at pediatric emergency department of a tertiary teaching hospital from 2001 to 2017. Infants
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Maternal-Neonatal Reports Source Type: research
Pandrug-resistant (PDR) bacterial infections in intensive care units are emerging as a severe problem. Therefore, new antibiotic options are urgently needed for the treatment of PDR infections in pediatric age groups, especially neonates. Herein, we report a 25 days old preterm neonate successfully treated with ceftazidime-avibactam due to a urinary tract infection caused by PDR Klebsiella pneumoniae. We aimed to describe our experiences about the safety and efficacy of ceftazidime-avibactam treatment.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Instructive Cases Source Type: research
Most people know that microorganisms live on our skin, and in other places in the body such as the digestive tract. However, traditional thinking and medical teaching was that there was no such microbiome in the urinary tract. Many people may still believe that urine is sterile. Advanced detection methods such as enhanced urine cultures and DNA sequencing have shown that this is not true. These newer technologies have enabled identification of low levels of microorganisms that were not previously detected using conventional methods. This has revolutionized how we think about the urinary tract when it is both healthy and un...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Incontinence Kidney and urinary tract Women's Health Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsWe observed a cross-reaction between the POC-CCA test andO. viverrini infection. To some extent, we can confirm previous observations asserting that POC-CCA provides false positive results among patients with urinary tract infections and hematuria. InS. mekongi-endemic areas, POC-CCA can be applied cautiously for surveillance purposes, keeping in mind the considerable risk of false positive results and its unknown sensitivity.
Source: Infectious Diseases of Poverty - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewUrinary tract infections (UTI) place a significant burden on individual patients and the healthcare system as a whole. Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a risk factor for UTIs and is the focus of much research in the pediatric field due to the opportunity for early intervention and prevention of long-term sequelae. However, VUR in the adult population is not well studied and can present different treatment challenges. The goal of this review article is to discuss the role VUR plays in UTIs in the adult population with a specific focus on complications and treatment.Recent FindingsThe true prevalence o...
Source: Current Urology Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
There is a need for an easy and sensitive method for screening of urinary tract infections in young children. We set out to test whether a novel diaper-embedded urine test device is feasible and reliable in sc...
Source: BMC Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Conclusion: The present study emphasizes that PF is a cutaneous marker of DIC. Association of peripheral gangrene, leukopenia and neutropenia may be the reason for the high mortality rate.
Source: Indian Journal of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Source Type: research
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