A systematic methodological review of non-randomised interventional studies of elective ventral hernia repair: clear definitions and a standardised minimum dataset are needed

ConclusionCurrently, non-randomised interventional studies of VH repair are methodologically poor. Clear outcome definitions and a standardised minimum dataset are needed.
Source: Hernia - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

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Cirrhosis is a life-threatening condition and a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Improvement in the management of its related complications, of its aetiologies (i.e. viral eradication), and the option of liver transplantation have increased life expectancy of patients with cirrhosis. In this setting, it is not unusual that patients with cirrhosis are proposed for major surgical procedures for orthopaedic, malignancy or cirrhosis related complications. In fact, patients with cirrhosis have a high incidence of gallstones and abdominal wall hernias that require surgical repair[1 –4].
Source: Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe true incidence of occult contralateral inguinal hernia may be higher than originally thought. When inguinal hernia repair is performed through a transabdominal approach, these occult hernias may be easily addressed during the same operation without additional skin incisions. This may ultimately prevent the morbidity of developing a metachronous hernia that requires repair.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractPurposeWe compared the outcomes of laparoscopic surgery (LS) with those of open surgery (OS) for unilateral and bilateral pediatric inguinal hernia.MethodsUsing a nationwide claim-based database in Japan, we analyzed data from children younger than 15  years old, who underwent inguinal hernia repair between January 2005 and December 2017. Patient characteristics, incidence of reoperation, postoperative complications, length of hospital stay, and duration of anesthesia were compared between LS and OS for unilateral and bilateral hernia.ResultsAmong 5554 patients, 2057 underwent LS (unilateral 1095, bilateral 96...
Source: Surgery Today - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionThe introduction of a liquid material which solidifies after injection in a short time (hydrogel) using a needle is feasible. The combined CT-scan and US image guidance allows for the percutaneous placement of the needle in the required location. The introduced hydrogel remains in this space, corresponding to the inguinal region, without moving. The placed hydrogel compresses the posterior wall composed of the transversalis fascia, supporting the potential use of hydrogel for hernia defects.
Source: Hernia - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionThe clinicians should consider this rare condition in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with large paraumbilical hernias associated with classical symptoms of acute pancreatitis, particularly in the absence of typical risk factors for pancreatitis. An intravenous contrast-enhanced abdominal CT scan should be performed immediately in these patients. We recommend the patients and the surgeons to consider prompt surgical repair for paraumbilical hernias to avoid further complications and the higher incidence of morbidity and mortality associated with emergency surgeries.
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion: Patients who had their hernias repaired emergently experienced complications at similar rates as those of elective patients with advanced age or comorbid conditions as demonstrated by the propensity analysis. The authors therefore recommend evaluation of all paraesophageal hernias for elective repair, especially in younger patients who are otherwise good operative candidates. PMID: 31285652 [PubMed - in process]
Source: JSLS : Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons - Category: Surgery Tags: JSLS Source Type: research
ConclusionGuidelines are recommendations based on best available evidence intended to help the surgeon to improve the quality of his daily work. However, science is a continuously evolving process, and as such guidelines should be updated about every 3 years. For a comprehensive reference, however, it is suggested to read both the initially guidelines published in 2014 together with the update. Moreover, the presented update includes also techniques which were not known 3 years before.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Medical doctors can be trained to perform mesh inguinal hernia repair as competently as surgeons, a study from Ghana shows.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape General Surgery Headlines - Category: Surgery Tags: General Surgery News Source Type: news
Conclusion: Well-organized randomized controlled studies are needed, in order to estimate the best treatment strategy for these patients.
Source: In Vivo - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Reviews Source Type: research
ConclusionIn a selected patient collective with small and lateral incisional hernias and with a large proportion of women, outcomes obtained for the onlay and sublay techniques do not differ significantly.
Source: World Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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