Radical prostatectomy through the years.

[Radical prostatectomy through the years]. Aktuelle Urol. 2019 May 29;: Authors: Schrader AJ, Müller J, Janssen M, Krabbe LM Abstract The operative aspect of radical prostatectomy has changed dramatically in the past 200 years as significant technological advances have been made, particularly during the past 50 years. The work of Dr. Walsh in the late 1970 s and early 1980 s led to a significant reduction in surgical morbidity and is considered an important milestone of radical prostatectomy, as is the introduction of minimally-invasive (robotic-assisted) surgical techniques. Yet there is no absolute gold standard regarding surgical approaches. Innovative tools, e. g. the addition of "augmented reality", are currently under investigation. This review article for the anniversary issue of "Der Urologe" aims to cover the milestones of the evolution of this "signature" surgery in the field of urology. PMID: 31141821 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Aktuelle Urologie - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Aktuelle Urol Source Type: research

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AbstractSimple prostatectomy is an option for management of patients with enlarged prostates and obstructive symptoms. However, the guidelines still do not state a gold-standard treatment for men with BPH and some of these patients with BPH are also known to harbor prostate cancer. This issue can be a challenge because, in the traditional simple prostatectomy, the prostate capsule is often left in place, and that is usually the area of the prostate cancers. With the robotic approach, our goal is to analyze the outcomes of modified simple prostatectomy (MSP) by the elimination of the entire prostate tissue. Thirty-four pati...
Source: Journal of Robotic Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Patients diagnosed with clinically node-positive prostate cancer represent a population that has historically been thought to harbor systemic disease. Increasing evidence supports the role of local therapies in advanced disease, but few studies have focused on this particular population. In this review we discuss the limited role for conventional cross sectional imaging for accurate nodal staging and how molecular imaging, although early results are promising, is still far from widespread clinical utilization. To date, evidence regarding the role of radical prostatectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection in clinically node-...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the beneficial effect of endorectal power Doppler/grayscale ultrasound-guided biopsy over that of mpMRI/TRUS-guided biopsy for decision-making regarding prostatectomy in males with a high risk of prostate cancer. Data regarding endorectal power Doppler/grayscale ultrasound-guided biopsies and mpMRI/TRUS-guided biopsies of 1,094 males with elevated specific prostate antigen, were included. Radical prostatectomy was performed in males aged
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Two cases with 68Ga-PSMA–avid prostate cancer recurrence in the vas deferens are presented. These cases highlight the clinical importance of imaging the pattern of local prostate cancer recurrence and the potential difficulties that arise due to the altered anatomy in the prostate bed after prostatectomy or radiotherapy.
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Interesting Images Source Type: research
68Ga-PSMA PET/CT has become a well-established imaging modality to detect prostate cancer (PCa) metastases in biochemical recurrence. Despite its claimed specificity for PCa, 68Ga-PSMA uptake in tissues unrelated to PCa, particularly in the neovascular tissue of other cancers, has been reported in numerous studies. A 73-year-old man underwent 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT for biochemical recurrence of PCa 7 years after radical prostatectomy. The 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT showed 1 lesion with PSMA uptake in the distal left ureter. Histology revealed a low-grade noninvasive papillary urothelial carcinoma. By immunohistochemistry, PSMA expression ...
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Interesting Images Source Type: research
Most prostate cancers (PC) overexpress the ERG oncogene and karyopherin α 2 (KPNA2). These genes play a role in prostatic carcinogenesis, but their prognostic significance is still debated. The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic significance of ERG and KPNA2 expression, and their association to early prostate-specific antigen (PSA) biochemical recurrence in advanced PC with lymph node metastases. A series of 65 consecutive pN1 M0 R0 PC samples obtained by radical prostatectomy with lymphadenectomy has been analyzed for ERG and KPNA2 expression by immunohistochemistry. For each case, the following clini...
Source: Applied Immunohistochemistry and Molecular Morphology - Category: Chemistry Tags: Research Articles Source Type: research
Authors: Bratu OG, Diaconu CC, Mischianu DLD, Constantin T, Stanescu AMA, Bungau SG, Ionita-Radu F, Marcu RD Abstract Prostate cancer is the second most common form of cancer in men in Europe. The primary treatment of this type of cancer is radical prostatectomy, which has shown good oncological results. Radical prostatectomy (open, laparoscopic or robotic) has high success and low morbidity rates in patients with localized prostate cancer. The life expectancy is>10 years after radical prostatectomy. Studies have shown that ~20%-30% of the patients who have undergone radical prostatectomy can develop biochemical...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
ConclusionAlthough anejaculation occurs less frequently after PAE (16%) compared to TURP (52%), patients have to be informed about the relevant risk of ejaculatory disorders, especially diminished ejaculation.
Source: World Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Authors: Murray NP, Aedo S, Fuentealba C, Salazar A, Reyes E, Lopez MA, Minzer S Abstract INTRODUCTION: Minimal residual disease (MRD) is that which persists after curative treatment for prostate cancer. It has the potential to grow and cause metastasis. The detection of circulating prostate cells (CPCs) and bone marrow micro-metastasis could represent different sub-types of MRD. OBJECTIVE: To determine biochemical failure free survival and time to failure, the presence of circulating prostate cells and bone marrow micro-metastasis in men treated for low risk prostate cancer. HYPOTHESIS: The presence of MRD...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research
Authors: Fosså SD, Beyer B, Dahl AA, Aas K, Eri LM, Kvan E, Falk RS, Graefen M, Huland H, Berge V Abstract Purpose: To explore whether prostatectomized men report improved post-operative erectile function and urinary control dependent on the application of intra-operative frozen section examination (NeuroSAFE) during nerve-sparing radical prostatectomies (NS-RPs).Methods: Pre- and post-RP responses to the sexual domain and the urinary incontinence subscale of EPIC-26 were analyzed in 95 and 312 men from a NeuroSAFEGroup (Martini-Klinik, Hamburg, Germany) and a Non-NeuroSAFE Group (Oslo University Hospital, No...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Scand J Urol Source Type: research
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