Sedentary behavior and functional disability in older adults with low economic status: Monidi Study

Abstract Excess time spent in sedentary activities may intensify functional losses among the elderly; however, information on the amount of time in sedentary activities related to these losses is still incipient. The aim of this study was to determine the predictive power of sedentary behavior (SB) and to establish cutoff points for functional disability (FD) discriminators in the elderly. A cross-sectional study was carried out with sample of 310 older adults with mean age of 71.62 ± 8.15 years, randomly selected and residents in the municipality of Ibicuí-BA. Sedentary behavior was assessed by measuring the time spent sitting on a usual week day and FD weekend and FD by the Lawton scale. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves were constructed and SB discriminant cri terion for FD was determined. The areas under the curve showed that SB has reasonable potential to discriminate FD. The times spent in SB that best discriminated FD were> 330 minutes / day and> 270 minutes / day for men and women respectively. Time spent in SB is an important health indicator and can be used in the screening of FD in the elderly.Resumo O excesso de tempo despendido em atividades sedent árias pode intensificar as perdas funcionais entre idosos, no entanto, ainda são incipientes as informações sobre a quantidade de tempo em atividades sedentárias relacionadas a essas perdas. Objetivou-se determinar o poder preditivo do comportamento se...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 14 December 2019Source: Progress in NeurobiologyAuthor(s): Vijaykumar Yogesh Muley, Carlos Javier López-Victorio, Jorge Tonatiuh Ayala-Sumuano, Adriana González-Gallardo, Leopoldo González-Santos, Carlos Lozano-Flores, Gregory Wray, Maribel Hernández, Alfredo Varela-EchavarríaAbstractThe mammalian and the avian telencephalon are nearly indistinguishable at early embryonic vesicle stages but differ substantially in form and function at their adult stage. We sequenced and analyzed RNA populations present in mouse and chick during the early stages of embryo...
Source: Progress in Neurobiology - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Despite differences between adults with SCI and adults with CVD in several demographic and health-related measures, the overall similarity in PARs for SCI and CVD suggests potential benefits from using effective CVD interventions to address SCI. PMID: 31835014 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The 2014 federal rescheduling of hydrocodone was associated with only minor changes in overall and potentially high-risk opioid-prescribing rates. Neither state variation in long-term prescribing nor beneficiary characteristics explained the changes in persistently high opioid-prescribing rates among adults with disabilities after the 2014 regulation. Future studies should examine patient and provider characteristics underlying the persistent high-risk prescribing patterns in this population. PMID: 31835012 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research
Authors: Peng C, Zhou C, Zhu K, Zhang H, Tu Q, Ma X, Liu L Abstract PURPOSE: Lumbar posterior edge separation is a common disorder with lumbar disc herniation (LDH) in adolescents. Over the years, there has been a lack of an acknowledged assessment and plan. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the feasibility of all sufferers who have received percutaneous full endoscopic treatment for lumbar posterior edge separation in adolescents. METHODS: Case series of sufferers with lumbar posterior edge separation who underwent surgery in the Affiliated Hospital Qingdao University between February 2017 and Decembe...
Source: Zeitschrift fur Orthopadie und Unfallchirurgie - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Z Orthop Unfall Source Type: research
Conclusions: The serum protein changes identified with the aptamer-based multiplexed proteomics approach used in this study can be useful to distinguish between sepsis and noninfectious systemic inflammation.
Source: Critical Care Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Online Laboratory Investigations Source Type: research
Objectives: To assess the incidence, severity, and outcomes of pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome following trauma using Pediatric Acute Lung Injury Consensus Conference criteria. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Level 1 pediatric trauma center. Patients: Trauma patients less than or equal to 17 years admitted to the ICU from 2009 to 2017. Interventions: None. Measurements and Main Results: We queried electronic health records to identify patients meeting pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome oxygenation criteria for greater than or equal to 6 hours and determined whether pat...
Source: Critical Care Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Online Clinical Investigations Source Type: research
Abstract Small supernumerary marker chromosomes (sSMCs), equal in size or smaller than chromosome 20 of the same metaphase, can hardly be identified through traditional banding technique. They are usually associated with intelligent disability, growth retardation, and infertility, but the genotype-phenotype correlations are still complicated for their complex origins and constitutions. Herein, we identified a 26-year-old Chinese infertile male who carried a mosaic sSMC and was diagnosed as severe oligospermia. The G-banding analysis initially described his karyotype as mos 47, XY, +mar[32]/46, XY[18]. The chromoso...
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research
This study investigated mortality in disability pensions due to common mental disorder, and variation over time after first receiving disability pension. Methods: Objectives were explored in 301,863 construction workers (97.2% men) recr...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news
The aim of present study was to explore relationships between experienced and anticipated discrimination, internalized stigma, and empowerment among people with physical disabilities in Serbia. The convenience sample consisted of persons with different typ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Pedestrians and Bicycles Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Adults with disabilities demonstrate a higher suicide risk than the general population; however, the association between mental illness and death by suicide among disabled adults remains relatively unknown. We aimed to explore the relationship ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Research Methods, Surveillance and Codes, Models Source Type: news
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