Sedentary behavior and functional disability in older adults with low economic status: Monidi Study

Abstract Excess time spent in sedentary activities may intensify functional losses among the elderly; however, information on the amount of time in sedentary activities related to these losses is still incipient. The aim of this study was to determine the predictive power of sedentary behavior (SB) and to establish cutoff points for functional disability (FD) discriminators in the elderly. A cross-sectional study was carried out with sample of 310 older adults with mean age of 71.62 ± 8.15 years, randomly selected and residents in the municipality of Ibicuí-BA. Sedentary behavior was assessed by measuring the time spent sitting on a usual week day and FD weekend and FD by the Lawton scale. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves were constructed and SB discriminant cri terion for FD was determined. The areas under the curve showed that SB has reasonable potential to discriminate FD. The times spent in SB that best discriminated FD were> 330 minutes / day and> 270 minutes / day for men and women respectively. Time spent in SB is an important health indicator and can be used in the screening of FD in the elderly.Resumo O excesso de tempo despendido em atividades sedent árias pode intensificar as perdas funcionais entre idosos, no entanto, ainda são incipientes as informações sobre a quantidade de tempo em atividades sedentárias relacionadas a essas perdas. Objetivou-se determinar o poder preditivo do comportamento se...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

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CONCLUSIONS: Subcortical gray-matter structures are involved in the neurodegenerative process of ALS before cognitive impairment becomes evident. PMID: 33029965 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
Conclusion: It appears that the knee OA pain and disability can be decreased after a dual-frequency LLLT applied to acupoints (SP9, SP10, and EX-LE2). The clinical efficacy of LLLT is highly related to the therapeutic settings of the laser apparatus; hence, more clinical trials with diffident parameter settings are needed to be further clarified. PMID: 33029170 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Frailty and falls are the main causes of morbidity and disability in elderly people. The Timed Up-and-Go (TUG) test has been proposed as an appropriate method for evaluating elderly individuals' risk of falling. To analyze the TUG's potential for falls pre...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Falls in later life that require admission to hospital have well-established consequences for future disability and health. The likelihood and severity of a fall will result from the presence of one or more risk factors. The aim of this study i...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news
Publication date: November 2020Source: The Arts in Psychotherapy, Volume 71Author(s): Angelle Cook
Source: Arts in Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Intra-articular distal radius fractures in skeletally immature patients have a considerably higher rate of physeal growth arrest than extra-articular physeal fractures. Following acute management aimed at restoring and preserving anatomic physeal and articular alignment, follow-up radiographs should be obtained to evaluate for physeal arrest in skeletally immature children. Patients and families should be counseled regarding the high rate of growth disturbance and the potential need for deformity correction in the future, particularly in younger children. Level of Evidence: IV—case series.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Trauma Upper Extremity Source Type: research
Conclusions: Distal femoral physeal bar resection combined with tension-band hemiepiphysiodesis provides a viable option for the correction of angular deformities associated with physeal arrest. Longer follow-up is required to evaluate future growth of the distal femoral physis after this combined procedure. Level of Evidence: Level IV—therapeutic study.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Knee Source Type: research
Background: Bilateral hip reconstructions with osteotomies are commonly required in patients with severe cerebral palsy (CP) and dysplasia. These procedures can be performed by staging each hip surgery, separated by weeks to months, or by addressing both hips in a single-event surgery. The optimal timing of such surgery is yet to be determined. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively compare major complications between the staged and single-event approaches. Methods: Medical records of patients who underwent bilateral hip osteotomies, with at least one side including a pelvic osteotomy, were retrospectively r...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Cerebral Palsy Source Type: research
Study Design. A prospective study of patients originally randomized to total disc replacement (TDR) or multidisciplinary rehabilitation. Objective. To assess the long-term development of facet arthropathy (FA) after TDR versus nonoperative treatment, and to analyze the association between FA and clinical outcome. Summary of Background Data. FA may appear or increase following TDR, but the natural course of FA is unclear, and no previous study has evaluated the long-term development of FA following TDR compared with nonoperative treatment. Methods. The study included 126 patients with chronic low back pain and de...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: RANDOMIZED TRIAL Source Type: research
Study Design. Retrospective cohort study. Objective. The goal of the present study was to determine whether neck pain responds differently to anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) between patients with cervical radiculopathy and/or cervical myelopathy. Summary of Background Data. Many patients who undergo ACDF because of radiculopathy/myelopathy also complain of neck pain. However, no studies have compared the response of significant neck pain to ACDF. Methods. Patients undergoing one to three-level primary ACDF for radiculopathy and/or myelopathy with significant (Visual Analogue Scale [VAS] ≥ 3) ne...
Source: Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: CERVICAL SPINE Source Type: research
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